Hexathelidae

Banded tunnelweb spider
Hexathele hochstetteri, copyright Epitree.

Belongs within: Avicularoidea.

The Hexathelidae, funnel web spiders, are a group of medium-sized to large spiders that live in tube or funnel webs under rocks or in crevices (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Medium-sized to large mygalomorph spiders; cephalic region raised or low; eight eyes; labium provided with numerous cuspules; rastellum absent; three tarsal claws; posterior spinnerets long and slender or short with digitiform apical segment.

<==Hexathelidae
|  i. s.: Rosamygale grauvogeli Selden & Gall 1992 S02
|         Bymainiella R95
|           |–B. lugubris Raven 1978 R95
|           `–B. terraereginae (Raven 1976) R95
|–Plesiothelinae JD-S07
|–Macrothelinae [Macrotheleae] PVD10
|    |–Stenygrocerus R14
|    |–Macrothele calpeiana JD-S07
|    |–Porrhothele Simon 1892 PVD10
|    |    |–*P. antipodiana (Walckenaer 1837) PVD10 [=Mygale antipodiana S99; incl. M. quoyi S99]
|    |    |–P. blanda Forster 1968 PVD10
|    |    |–P. huttoni [=Macrothele huttoni] S99
|    |    |–P. insignipes S99
|    |    |–P. moana Forster 1968 PVD10
|    |    |–P. modesta Forster 1968 PVD10
|    |    `–P. quadrigyna Forster 1968 PVD10
|    |–Entomothele S89
|    |    |–*E. guianensis (Walck. 1837) [=Mygale guianensis] S89
|    |    `–E. pusilla Simon 1889 S89
|    |–Phyxioschema S89
|    `–Thelecoris S89
|–Atracinae [Atraceae] B96
|    |–Styphlopis Rainbow 1913 R13
|    |    `–*S. insularis Rainbow 1913 R13
|    |–Atrax R14
|    |    |–A. formidabilis Rainbow 1914 R14 [=Hadronyche formidabilis B96]
|    |    |–A. modesta R14
|    |    |–A. robustus (Cambridge 1877) B96
|    |    `–A. versuta Rainbow 1914 R14 [=Hadronyche versutus B96]
|    `–Hadronyche R14
|         |–H. cerberea R14
|         `–H. infensa FF99
`–Hexathele Ausserer 1871 [Hexathelae, Hexathelinae] PVD10
|–*H. hochstetteri Ausserer 1871 PVD10
|–H. cantuaria Forster 1968 PVD10
|–H. cavernicola Forster 1968 PVD10
|–H. cinereopilosa S89
|–H. exemplar Parrott 1960 PVD10
|–H. huka Forster 1968 PVD10
|–H. huttoni Hogg 1908 PVD10
|–H. kohua Forster 1968 PVD10
|–H. maitaia Forster 1968 PVD10
|–H. nigra Forster 1968 PVD10
|–H. otira Forster 1968 PVD10
|–H. para Forster 1968 PVD10
|–H. petriei Goyen 1887 PVD10
|–H. pukea Forster 1968 PVD10
|–H. putuna Forster 1968 PVD10
|–H. ramsayi Forster 1968 PVD10
|–H. rupicola Forster 1968 PVD10
|–H. taumara Forster 1968 PVD10
|–H. waipa Forster 1968 PVD10
|–H. waita Forster 1968 PVD10
`–H. wiltoni Forster 1968 PVD10

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B96] Brunet, B. 1996. Spiderwatch: A Guide to Australian Spiders. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[R13] Rainbow, W. J. 1913. Arachnida from the Solomon Islands. Records of the Australian Museum 10 (1): 1–16.

[R14] Rainbow, W. J. 1914. Studies in Australian Araneidae, no. 6, the Terretelariae. Records of the Australian Museum 10 (8): 187–270.

[R95] Raven, R. J. 1995. Coxal glands of spiders of the genera Bymainiella, Atrax and Namea (Hexathelidae, Dipluridae, Mygalomorphae). Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 67–71.

[S02] Selden, P. A. 2002. First British Mesozoic spider, from Cretaceous amber of the Isle of Wight, southern England. Palaeontology 45 (5): 973–983.

[S99] Simon, E. 1889. Voyage de M. E. Simon au Venezuela (Décembre 1887–Avril 1888). 4e mémoire. Arachnides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: 169–220, pls 1–3.

[S99] Simon, E. 1899. Ergebnisse einer Reise nach dem Pacific (Schauinsland 1896–1897. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie un Biologie der Thiere 12 (4): 411–437.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *