Histiostomatidae

 Deutonymph of Myianoetus, copyright Olivier9099.

Belongs within: Astigmatina.
Contains: Histiostoma.

The Histiostomatidae are a group of astigmatan mites found on wet substrates, most commonly feeding by filtering organic particles and microorganisms from the water film. Most species are associated with isolated or ephemeral habitats and some may have the shortest development times of any astigmatan mites, going through their entire life cycle in as little as six days. Deutonymphs are typically adapted for phoretic transport by insects though species show marked diversity in development of the attachment organs (OConnor 2009).

Characters (from OConnor 2009): Adult with body not dorsoventrally flattened; chelicerae laterally compressed, often attenuate, usually with numerous finely divided teeth, nonchelate; palpi with terminal solenidion and usually at least one elongate eupathidial seta, normal setae strongly reduced, usually reflexed outward; genital papillae ring-like, usually not directly associated with the genital opening; female genital valves fused to body posteriorly, open anteriorly forming a transverse oviporus. Deutonymph with Legs III–IV with femur-genu-tibia-tarsus partially or completely fused; legs III–IV flexed at trochanter-femur articulation and directed anteriorly in repose; rostral and lamellar pairs of setae absent; setae 4b absent.

<==Histiostomatidae [Anoeteae, Anoetidae, Anoetoidea, Histiostomina]W07
    |--BonomoiaW07
    `--+--+--HistiostomaW07
       |  |--GlyphanoetusW07
       |  |    |--G. longispina Scheucher 1957M63
       |  |    `--G. pappi Mahunka 1982M82
       |  `--+--AphodanoetusW07
       |     `--+--RhopalanoetusW07
       |        `--SpinanoetusW07
       `--+--PelzneriaW07
          `--Myianoetus Oudemans 1929W07, H98 [incl. Anoetostoma Womersley 1941H98]
               |--M. clavatus Mahunka 1963M63
               |--‘Anoetostoma’ domrowi Fain 1968M72
               |--M. dycei Fain & Domrow 1980H98
               |--M. muscarumA-B91
               |--M. oudemansi (Womersley 1941) [=Anoestostoma oudemansi, Anoetostoma oudemansi]H98
               |--M. travei Fain 1976F76
               `--M. tuerkorum Scheucher 1957M63
Histiostomatidae incertae sedis:
  HexanoetusO09
  AmeranoetusP90
  AnoetusO09
    |--A. fimetarius (Canestrini & Berlese 1881) [=Histiostoma fimetarium, Hypopus fimetarius]V25
    |--A. gladigerV25
    |--A. lorentzi Oudemans 1905V25
    |--A. muscarumV25 [=Histiostoma muscarumT05]
    `--A. toxopei Oudemans 1927O28
  CopronomoiaO09
  Tensiostoma veliaphilumO09
  FibulanoetusO09
  PeripatetesO09
  Scolianoetus faini Mahunka 1975M75
  KanoetusO09
  CurculanoetusO09
  ChiloanoetusO09
  ProwichmanniaO09
  NepenthanoetusO09
  Loxanoetus Fain 1970H98
    `--L. lenae Domrow & Ladds 1984H98
  OtanoetusO09
  Amyzanoetus Fain 1976F76
    `--*A. halophilus Fain 1976F76
  ComyianoetusO09
  Xenanoetus kofrankovaO09
  Chiropteranoetus Womersley 1942H98
    `--C. chalinolobus Womersley 1942H98
  Austranoetus Fain 1976F76
    `--*A. kerguelenensis Fain 1976F76

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A-B91] Athias-Binche, F. 1991. Ecology and evolution of phoresy in mites. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 27–41. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[F76] Fain, A. 1976. Acariens récoltés par le Dr. J. Travé aux iles subantarctiques II. Familles Acaridae, Anoetidae, Ereynetidae et Tarsonemidae (astigmates et prostigmates). Acarologia 18 (2): 302–328.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[M63] Mahunka, S. 1963. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Milbenfauna (Acari) von Säugetiernestern. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 9 (3–4): 355–372.

[M75] Mahunka, S. 1975. Neue und auf Insekten lebende Milben aus Australien und Neu-Guinea (Acari: Acarida, Tarsonemida). Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 67: 317–325.

[M82] Mahunka, S. 1982. Two new mites from the Juan Fernández Islands (Acari: Acarida and Oribatida). Folia Entomologica Hungarica 43 (1): 63–68.

[M72] Monroe, R. 1972. Chelicerate type-specimens in the Queensland Museum. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 16 (2): 291–307.

[O09] OConnor, B. M. 2009. Cohort Astigmatina. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 565–657. Texas Tech University Press.

[O28] Oudemans, A. C. 1928. Fauna Buruana. Acari. Treubia 7 (Suppl. 2): 37–100.

[P90] Philips, J. R. 1990. Acarina: Astigmata (Acaridida). In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 757–778. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[T05] Trägårdh, I. 1905. Monographie der arktischen Acariden. In: Römer, F., & F. Schaudinn (eds) Fauna Arctica. Eine Zusammenstellun der arktischen Tierformen, mit besonder Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898 vol. 4 pp. 1–78. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

[V25] Vitzthum, H. 1925. Fauna sumatrensis. (Beitrag no. 5). Acarinae. Supplementa Entomologica 11: 1–79.

[W07] Wirth, S. 2007. Phylogeny and character transformations of the Histiostomatidae. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 607–615. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

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