Immature Hoploparia gammaroides, from here.

Belongs within: Homarida.

Hoploparia is a diverse genus of fossil lobsters from the Cretaceous and Tertiary periods. It is poorly defined, having been used for almost all unspecialised fossil Nephropidae, and Tshudy & Sorhannus (2003) suggested that it is paraphyletic to the Recent genera Euphephrops and Metanephrops.

<==Hoploparia McCoy 1849 [incl. Eunephrops Smith 1885]TS03
    |--H. gammaroides McCoy 1849TS03
    |--H. riddlensis Feldmann 1974TS03
    `--+--Nephropides Manning 1969TS03
       |    `--N. caribaeusTS03
       `--+--‘Eunephrops’ cadenasiTS03
          |--H. pusilla Secretan 1964TS03
          `--+--+--H. gladiator Pilsbry 1901TS03
             |  `--+--H. sculpta Secretan 1964TS03
             |     `--+--H. mesembria Etheridge 1917TS03
             |        `--+--H. brittonestris (Stenzel 1945)TS03
             |           `--H. collignoni (van Straelen 1949)TS03
             `--+--‘Eunephrops’ bairdiiTS03
                `--+--H. bearpawensis Feldmann 1977TS03
                   `--Metanephrops Jenkins 1972TS03
                        |--M. binghamiTS03
                        |--M. boschmai (Holthuis 1964)MG-H11
                        |--M. challengeriVD-VW14
                        |--M. rossensisTS03
                        `--M. velutinus Chan & Yu 1991MG-H11
Hoploparia incertae sedis:
  *H. longimanus (Sowerby 1826) [=Astacus longimanus]TS03
  H. alpinus (van Straelen 1936)TS03
  H. arbei Aguirre-Urreta 1989TS03
  H. aspera Harbort 1905TS03
  H. bennetti Woodward 1900TS03
  H. biserialis Fritsch 1887TS03
  H. blossomana Rathbun 1935TS03
  H. columbiana Beurlen 1938TS03
  H. corneti van Straelen 1921TS03
  H. dentata (Roemer 1841)TS03
  H. dentonensis Rathbun 1935TS03
  H. edwardsi (Robineau-Desvoidy 1849)TS03
  H. fraasi (Böhm 1891)TS03
  H. gadzicki Feldmann & Crame 1998TS03
  H. georgeana Rathbun 1935TS03
  H. groenlandica Ravn 1903TS03
  H. hakelensis (Fraas 1878)TS03
  H. hemprichi (Mertin 1941)TS03
  H. intermedia Secretan 1964TS03
  H. johnsoni Rathbun 1935TS03
  H. kamuy Karasawa & Hayakaya 2000TS03
  H. klebsiiF91
  H. mcnairyensis Rathbun 1929TS03
  H. micklesoni Bishop 1985TS03
  H. minima Tribolet 1876TS03
  H. miyamotoi Karasawa 1998TS03
  H. muncki Pelseneer 1886TS03
  H. pelseneeri (van Straelen 1936)TS03
  H. schluteri Tribolet 1874TS03
  H. senonensis Forir 1887TS03
  H. stokesi (Weller 1903)TS03
  H. travisensis (Stenzel 1945)TS03
  H. triboleti Borissjak 1904TS03
  H. trigeri (Milne-Edwards 1886)TS03
  H. tshudyi Schweitzer & Feldmann 2001TS03
  H. wardi Quayle 1987TS03

*Type species of generic name indicated


[F91] Freess, W. B. 1991. Beiträge zur Kenntnis von Fauna und Flora des marinen Mitteloligozäns bei Leipzig. Altenburger Naturwissenschaftliche Forschungen 6: 3–74.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[TS03] Tshudy, D., & U. Sorhannus. 2003. Hoploparia, the best-known fossil clawed lobster (family Nephropidae), is a “wastebasket” genus. Journal of Crustacean Biology 23 (3): 700–711.

[VD-VW14] Vossbrinck, C. R., B. A. Debrunner-Vossbrinck & L. M. Weiss. 2014. Phylogeny of the Microsporidia. In: L. M. Weiss, & J. J. Becnel (eds) Microsporidia: Pathogens of Opportunity pp. 203–220. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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