Hypoaspis

Ventral view of female Hypoaspis, copyright Pavel Klimov.

Belongs within: Laelapidae.

Hypoaspis is a genus of free-living predatory mites found in soil, litter and mosses. Females of most species bear a genital rather than an opisthogenital shield (Evans & Till 1979). Some species have been found under the elytra of beetles. Others are found living in arthropod burrows such as the Australian species H. barbarae which was found living on funnel-web spiders (Strong 1995). In members of the type subgenus, the anterior margin of the epistome is serrated whereas in the subgenus Hypoaspisella it is smooth.

Characters (from Evans & Till 1979): Apotele with two tines. Opisthonotum with Zx setae present. Chelicerae of male chelate-dentate, spermatodactyl free. Female typically with genital shield.

<==Hypoaspis Canestrini 1884S95
    |--H. (Hypoaspis)HB69
    |    |--*H. (H.) krameri (Canestrini & Canestrini 1881) [=Gamasus krameri]S95
    |    |--H. (H.) brevipilis Bernhard 1955HB69
    |    |--H. (H.) elegantula [=Laelaps (Hypoaspis) elegantulus]S22
    |    |--H. (H.) ellipsoides Bernhard 1955HB69
    |    `--H. (H.) ovatula [=Laelaps (Hypoaspis) ovatulus]S22
    `--H. (Hypoaspisella Bernhard in Karg 1965)HB69, ET79
         |--H. (H.) berlesei Bernhard 1955HB69
         |--H. (H.) heterosetosus Bernhard 1955HB69
         |--H. (H.) incertus Bernhard 1955HB69
         |--H. (H.) intermedius Bernhard 1955HB69
         |--H. (H.) lasiomyrmecophilus Hirschmann, Bernhard et al. 1969HB69
         `--H. (H.) myrmecophilus Bernhard 1955HB69
Hypoaspis incertae sedis:
  H. acme Womersley 1955H98
  H. acuta (Michael 1891)M96
  H. angusta Karg 1965FH93
  H. angustiscutatus Willmann 1951HB69
  H. armstrongi (Womersley 1956) [=Androlaelaps armstrongi, Geolaelaps armstrongi]H98
  H. atomaria Berlese 1916S95
  H. australis Hull 1923H98
  H. barbarae Strong 1995S95
  H. blattae Strong & Halliday 1994S95
  H. breviseta Evans & Till 1966FH93
  H. campestrisT05
  H. cavernicola (Packard 1888) [=Laelaps cavernicola, Iphis cavernicola]FH93
  H. cuneifer (Michael 1891)M96
  H. curtipilus Greim 1952HB69
  H. dasypa Menzies & Strandtmann 1952FH93
  H. disparatus (Banks 1916) [=Parasitus disparatus]H98
  H. distans Banks 1914FH93
  H. elongatus Götz 1952HB69
  H. eupatori (Womersley 1956) [=Coleolaelaps eupatori]H98
  H. evansi Hunter 1964L90
  H. favosus Turk 1948FH93
  H. giffordiK91
  H. glabrosimilis Hischmann, Bernhard et al. 1969HB69
  H. golanii Costa 1969C69
  H. gracilis Greim 1952HB69
  H. grandiporus Greim 1952HB69
  H. hermonensis Costa 1969C69
  H. heteronychus (Womersley 1956) [=Coleolaelaps heteronychus]H98
  H. heyi Karg 1962C69
  H. imitata Reitblat 1963M96
  H. inepilis Banks 1916H98
  H. inversus (Banks 1916) [=Parasitus inversus]H98
  H. karawaiewiW87
  H. lyratus (Banks 1916) [=Parasitus lyratus]H98
  H. marksi Strandtmann & Crossley 1962FH93
  H. meliponarum Vitzthum 1930FH93
  H. minor Costa 1969HB69
  H. negevi Costa 1969C69
  H. neoaculeifer Hirschmann 1966FH93
  H. ninabregus McGraw & Farrier 1969FH93
  H. oblongaET79
  H. orientalisE-KO07
  H. ovoideus Greim 1952HB69
  H. paracasalis Ryke 1963C69
  H. pini Hirschmann, Bernhard et al. 1969HB69
  H. queenslandicus (Womersley 1956) (see below for synonymy)H98
  H. rhopaea (Womersley 1956) [=Coleolaelaps rhopaea]H98
  H. rosei Strong & Halliday 1994S95
  H. ruggi Strong & Halliday 1994S95
  H. sardoaK91
  H. schusteri Hirschmann 1966H66
  H. sclerotarsa Costa 1968M96
  H. similis (Moniez 1894) [=Laelaps similis]FH93
  H. simplexans (Womersley 1956) [=Coleolaelaps simplexans]H98
  H. stammeri Götz 1952HB69
  H. stilosus (Canestrini 1884) [=Laelaps stilosus]H98
  H. vacua (Michael 1891)M96
  H. vanpletzeni Van Aswegen & Loots 1970S95
  H. womersleyi Domrow 1957H98

Hypoaspis queenslandicus (Womersley 1956) [=Androlaelaps queenslandicus, Geolaelaps queenslandicus, Hypoaspis queenslandica]H98

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[C69] Costa, M. 1969. New dermanyssid mites (Acari: Mesostigmata) from nests of Spalax ehrenbergi Nehring. Acarologia 11 (2): 163–174.

[E-KO07] El-Kammah, K. M., & L. M. I. Oyoun. 2007. Taxonomic records of mite species associated with animal and poultry farms in the Nile delta, vally and N. Sinai Egypt. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 223–232. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[FH93] Farrier, M. H., & M. K. Hennessey. 1993. Soil-inhabiting and free-living Mesostigmata (Acari-Parasitiformes) from North America: an annotated checklist with bibliography and index. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, North Carolina State University, Technical Bulletin 302: i–xvi, 1–408.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H66] Hirschmann, W. 1966. Gangsystematik der Parasitiformes. Teil 15. Gänge von Litoralmilben und neue Litoralmilbenarten. Acarologie: Schriftenreihe für Vergleichende Milbenkunde 9: 25–44.

[HB69] Hirschmann, W., F. Bernhard, E. Greim & H. Götz. 1969. Gangsystematik der Parasitiformes. Teil 75. Zwanzig neue Hypoaspis-Arten. Acarologie: Schriftenreihe für Vergleichende Milbenkunde 12: 133–141.

[K91] Kohn, M. 1991. Influence of the refuse dump biotopes on ecology of some gamasoid mites and ticks. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 199–204. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[L90] Luxton, M. 1990. The marine littoral mites of the New Zealand region. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 20 (4): 367–418.

[M96] Munderloh, E. 1996. Gamasina (Mesostigmata) in a dune transect at Spiekeroog (Germany, Lower Saxony). In: Mitchell, R., D. J. Horn, G. R. Needham & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 1. Proceedings pp. 589–594. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[S22] Schweizer, J. 1922. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der terrestrischen Milbenfauna der Schweiz. Verhandl. Naturf. Ges. Basel 33: 23–112, 4 pls.

[S95] Strong, K. L. 1995. A new species of Hypoaspis (Acarina: Laelapidae) associated with funnel-web spiders (Araneae: Hexathelidae). Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 219–223.

[T05] Trägårdh, I. 1905. Monographie der arktischen Acariden. In: Römer, F., & F. Schaudinn (eds) Fauna Arctica. Eine Zusammenstellun der arktischen Tierformen, mit besonder Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898 vol. 4 pp. 1–78. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

[W87] Walter, D. E. 1987. Belowground arthropods of semiarid grasslands. In: J. L. Capinera (ed.) Integrated Pest Management on Rangeland: A shortgrass prairie perspective pp. 271–290. Westview Press, Inc.: Boulder (Colorado).

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