Hypoponera

Hypoponera eduardi, copyright April Nobile.

Belongs within: Ponerinae.

Hypoponera is a cosmopolitan genus of fairly generalised soil-dwelling ants.

Characters (from Heterick 2009): Mandibles triangular; palpal formula 2, 2; clypeus narrowly inserted between frontal lobes; tibia of hind leg with single large pectinate spur; pretarsal claws of hind leg simple; anteroventral process of petiole simple.

<==Hypoponera Santschi 1938FT08
|--*H. abeillei (André 1881) [=Ponera abeillei]T99
|--H. beppin Terayama 1999T99
|--H. bondroitiT99
|--H. confinis (Roger 1860)FT08
|--H. congrua (Wheeler 1934) [=Ponera congrua]TB85
|--H. convexiuscula (Forel 1900) [=Ponera trigona convexiuscula]TB85
|--H. decora (Clark 1934) [=Ponera decora]TB85
|--H. eduardiH09
|--H. elliptica (Forel 1900) [=Ponera truncata elliptica]TB85
|--H. gleadowiT99
|--H. herbertonensis (Forel 1915) [=Ponera pruinosa herbertonensis]TB85
|--H. inexorata [=Ponera inexorata]WW90
|--H. mackayensis (Forel 1900) [=Ponera coarctata mackayensis]TB85
|--H. mina (Wheeler 1927) [=Ponera mina]TB85
|--H. nipponaT99
|--H. nubatamaT99
|--H. opaciceps (Mayr 1887)FT08 [=Ponera opacicepsWW90]
|--H. opaciorBS06 [=Ponera trigona opaciorWW90]
|--H. punctatissima (Roger 1859)FT08
|--H. queenslandensis (Forel 1900) [=Ponera queenslandensis]TB85
|--H. rectidens (Clark 1934) [=Ponera rectidens]TB85
|--H. sakalavaBS06
|--H. sauteriT99
|--H. scitula (Clark 1934) [=Ponera scitula]TB85
|--H. sulciceps (Clark 1928) [=Ponera sulciceps]TB85
`--H. zwaluwenburgiT99

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BS06] Brady, S. G., T. R. Schultz, B. L. Fisher & P. S. Ward. 2006. Evaluating alternative hypotheses for the early evolution and diversification of ants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 103 (48): 18172–18177.

[FT08] Framenau, V. W., & M. L. Thomas. 2008. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Christmas Island (Indian Ocean): identification and distribution. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (1): 45–85.

[H09] Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76: 1–206.

[TB85] Taylor, R. W., & D. R. Brown. 1985. Formicoidea. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 2. Hymenoptera: Formicoidea, Vespoidea and Sphecoidea pp. 1–149. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.

[T99] Terayama, M. 1999. Taxonomic studies of the Japanese Formicidae, part 4. Three new species of Ponerinae. Memoirs of the Myrmecological Society of Japan 1: 7–15.

[WW90] Wheeler, G. C., & J. Wheeler. 1990. Insecta: Hymenoptera Formicidae. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 1277–1294. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

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