Ironina

 Halalaimus, from here.

Belongs within: Enoplia.

The Ironina is a group of free-living nematodes with a muscular esophagus, of which the Ironidae is mostly freshwater and the Leptosomatidae and Oxystominidae mostly marine.

Ironina [Ironoidea]
|--IronusMM02 [IronidaeLB02]
|--LeptosomatidaeLB02
| |--Leptosomatum Bastain 1865B94
| |--Thoracostoma Marion 1870L86
| | `--T. californicumL02
| |--Barbonema Filipjev 1927L86
| | `--B. flagrum Gerlach 1957L86
| `--DeontostomaPW95
| |--D. ancorarium (Vitiello 1971)PW95
| |--D. antarcticum (Linstow 1892) [=Leptosomatum antarcticum]PW95
| |--D. californicumJ02
| |--D. campbelli (Ditlevsen 1921) [=Thoracostoma campbelli]PW95
| |--D. conicum Pastor de Ward 1995PW95
| |--D. demani (Mawson 1956)PW95
| |--D. duanei Pastor de Ward 1995PW95
| |--D. magnificum (Timm 1951)PW95
| `--D. washingtonense (Murphy 1965)PW95
`--OxystominidaeLB02
|--Oxystomina clavicauda (Filipjev 1918)L86
|--Thalassoalaimus de Man 1893E86
| `--T. aquaedulcis Schneider 1940E86
`--Halalaimus de Man 1888E86
|--H. dimorphusJ02
|--H. leptodermaL02
|--H. stammeri Schneider 1940E86
|--H. striatus Gerlach 1956L86
`--H. supercirrhatus Gerlach 1956L86

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[E86] Eder, R. 1986. Nematoda from continental subterranean aquatic habitats. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 125–132. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[J02] Justine, J.-L. 2002. Male and female gametes and fertilisation. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 73–119. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[L02] Lee, D. L. 2002. Cuticle, moulting and exsheathment. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 171–209. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[LB02] Ley, P. de, & M. Blaxter. 2002. Systematic position and phylogeny. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 1–30. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[L86] Lorenzen, S. 1986. Nematoda: interstitial nematodes from marine brackish and hypersaline environments. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 133–142. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[MM02] Munn, E. A., & P. D. Munn. 2002. Feeding and digestion. In: Lee, D. L. (ed.) The Biology of Nematodes pp. 211–232. Taylor & Francis: Florence (Kentucky).

[PW95] Pastor de Ward, C. T. 1995. Deontostoma species from subantarctic coasts (Nematoda, Leptosomatidae). Hydrobiologia 315: 177–187.

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