Radula complanata, photographed by Dragiša Savić.

Belongs within: Marchantiophyta.
Contains: Cephaloziaceae, Scapaniaceae, Plagiochila, Schistochila, Lejeuneaceae, Porella, Frullania, Lepidoziaceae, Geocalycaceae, Herbertineae, Jungermannia.

The Jungermanniales are the leafy liverworts, a clade of liverworts with well-defined leaf-like structures on the stems. Also significant in recognising the group are the terminal (acrogynous) perichaetia, positioned on the end of branches. Major subgroups include the Jungermanniaceae, with unlobed, succubous leaves, a terminal perianth, and rhizoids scattered along the stem.

Characters (from Crandall-Stotler & Stotler 2000): Apical cells usually tetrahedral with third face ventral; ventral appendages, when present, produced in a single row and foliose; leaves formed from two initials that are anodic and kathodic in orientation; endogenous branches common; perichaetia always acrogynous, terminating either main stem or a branch; bracts/bracteoles and perianths associated with perichaetium; archegonial neck consisting of five rows of neck cells; capsule always dehiscing into four valves; gemmae, when present, one- or two-celled, developing in a blastic manner.

<==Jungermanniales [Jungermanniidae]
    |    |--Pachyschistochila reflexistipulaEB01
    |    `--SchistochilaSF01
    |    |--LejeuneaceaeSF01
    |    |--PorellaSF01
    |    `--JubulaceaeG06
    |         |--FrullaniaSF01
    |         `--JubulaG06
    |              |--J. hattoriiG06
    |              `--J. hutchinsiaeG06
    |    |--Lepidogyna hodgsoniaeSF01
    |    |--Hariotiella hermitensis Massal. & Besch. 1898E03
    |    `--LepidolaenaE03
    |         |--L. clavigeraM49
    |         |--L. hariotiana Schiffn. in Engler & Prantl 1895 [=Polyotus hariotianus Besch. & Massal. 1886]E03
    |         |--L. magellanica (Lam.) Lindb. 1873 (see below for synonymy)E03
    |         |--L. menziesii (Hooker) Dumort. 1835 (see below for synonymy)E03
    |         |--L. palpebrifoliaM49
    |         `--L. tayloriM49
    |--Ptilidiaceae [Ptilidiineae]SF01
    |    |--PtilidiumSF01
    |    |    |--P. ciliareSF01
    |    |    `--P. pulcherrimumM08
    |    `--TrichocoleaJ87
    |         |--T. australisM49
    |         |--T. indicaG06
    |         |--T. lanataM49
    |         |--T. mollissimaSF01
    |         |--T. polyacanthaE03
    |         |--T. teneraG06
    |         |--T. tomentellaM49
    |         |--T. tomentosa (see below for synonymy)E03
    |         `--T. verticillataE03
    |--Radula [Radulaceae, Radulineae]SF01
    |    |--R. acuminata Steph. 1910L03
    |    |--R. assamica Steph. 1884L03
    |    |--R. complanataFHH01
    |    |--R. cubensisJ87
    |    |--R. flaccidaE99
    |    |--R. flavifolia Taylor 1845 [=Jungermannia flavifolia Hooker & Taylor 1844]E03
    |    |--R. floridanaJ87
    |    |--R. grandisSF01
    |    |--R. helixE03
    |    |--R. inflexaJ87
    |    |--R. intempestivaE03
    |    |--R. javanica Gott. in Gott. 1845L03
    |    |--R. korthalsiiJ87
    |    |--R. lindbergianaG06
    |    |--R. microlobulaJ87
    |    |--R. mollisJ87
    |    |--R. physolobaM49
    |    |--R. plicataE03
    |    |--R. plumosaE03
    |    |--R. protensa Lindenb. in Meissner 1848L03
    |    |--R. punctataE03
    |    |--R. sainsburianaM49
    |    |--R. striataE03
    |    |--R. teneraD03
    |    |--R. tjibodensis Goeb. 1893L03
    |    |--R. uviferaM49
    |    `--R. volutaJ87
       |--Lepicolea [Lepicoleineae]SF01
       |    |--L. attenuataSF01
       |    |--L. ochroleuca (Spreng.) Lindb. 1875 (see below for synonymy)E03
       |    |--L. quadrilaciniataE03
       |    |--L. scolopendraM49
       |    `--L. teresE03
       `--Jungermanniaceae [Jungermanniineae]SF01
            |--Anstrepta orcadensisG06
            |--Tetralophozia filiformisG06
            |    |--N. emarginataD24
            |    |--N. flegelliformisG06
            |    `--N. grolleiB-OO10
            |    |--C. birmensisG06
            |    |--C. hirtellusG06
            |    `--C. squarrosusSF01
            |    |--N. darjeelingensisG06
            |    |--N. lutescensPK03
            |    |--N. pandeiG06
            |    `--N. paroicusG06
            |    |--A. assimileG06
            |    |--A. decurrensE03
            |    |--A. involutifoliumE03
            |    |--A. longissimumE03
            |    |--A. minutumM08
            |    `--A. schismoidesM49
            |    |--L. bicrenataM08
            |    |--L. duseniiD03
            |    |--L. excisaM08
            |    |--L. incisaG06
            |    |--L. longidensG06
            |    |--L. perssoniiM08
            |    `--L. setosaG06
                 |--J. autumnalisG06
                 |--J. colorata (Lehmann) Schiffn. in Engler & Prantl 1893 [=Jungermannia colorata Lehmann 1829]E03
                 |--J. grandifloraE03
                 |--J. oenopsE03
                 |--J. paludosaE03
                 |--J. pseudo-occlusaM49
                 |--J. rubricaulisJ87
                 |--J. sonderiM49
                 `--J. tasmanicaM49
Jungermanniales incertae sedis:
    |--Gymnomitrium stygiumM49
         |--M. funckiiFHH01
         `--M. kerguelensisE03
  Neogrollea Hodgson 1965 [Neogrolleaceae, Neogrolleoideae, Neogrollineae]EB01
    `--*N. notabilis Hodgson 1965EB01
         |--T. anderssonii (Ångstr.) Evans 1903 [=Gymnanthe anderssonii Ångstr. 1876]E03
         |--T. approximatusJ87
         |--T. brecknockiensisE03
         |--T. crystallinusE03
         |--T. fendleriD03
         |--T. integrifoliusE03
         |--T. saccatusSF01
         `--T. viridisD03
    |--A. decipiensE03
    `--A. unciformis (Hooker & Taylor) Evans 1903 (see below for synonymy)E03
  Adelanthus magellanicusSF01, E03
    |--Matacalypogeia alternifoliaG06
         |--C. fissaG06
         |--C. hartlessianaG06
         |--C. integristipulaM08
         |--C. muellerianaM08
         |--C. renistipulaG06
         `--C. trichomanisG06
  Cephaloziella [Cephaloziellaceae]G06
    |--C. divaricataM08
    |--C. exilifloraM49
    |--C. hampeanaM08
    |--C. indicaG06
    |--C. kiaeriAKS07
    |--C. rubellaM08
    `--C. subdentataG06
  Acrobolbus [Acrobolbaceae]G06
    `--A. ciliatusG06
  Mastigophora [Mastigophoraceae]G06
    |--M. antarcticaE03
    `--M. woodsiG06
  Schizolepidella gracilis Halle 1913E93

Adelocolea unciformis (Hooker & Taylor) Evans 1903 [=Jungermannia unciformis Hooker & Taylor 1844, Adelanthus unciformis Spruce 1876, Plagiochila unciformis Hooker & Taylor 1847; incl. Jungermannia haliotiphylla De Not. 1857, Adelanthus lindenbergianus (Lehmann) Mitt. 1864, Plagiochila sphaleria Hooker & Taylor 1847]E03

Lepicolea ochroleuca (Spreng.) Lindb. 1875 [=Jungermannia ochroleuca Spreng. 1829, Herberta ochroleuca Trevis. 1877, Leperoma ochroleuca Mitt. in Hooker 1867, Sendtnera ochroleuca Nees 1845]E03

Lepidolaena magellanica (Lam.) Lindb. 1873 [=Jungermannia magellanica, Gackstroemia magellanica Trevis. 1877, Polyotus magellanicus Gottsche 1845]E03

Lepidolaena menziesii (Hooker) Dumort. 1835 [=Jungermannia menziesii Hooker 1820, Polyotus menziesii Gottsche 1845]E03

Trichocolea tomentosa [=Jungermannia tomentosa Swartz 1788, Basichiton tomentosum Trevis. 1877, J. tomentella var. tomentosa Lindenb. 1829, Leiomitra tomentosa Lindb. 1875, Trichocolea tomentella var. tomentosa L. & N. 1844]E03

*Type species of generic name indicated


[AKS07] Alam, A., A. Kumar & S. C. Srivastava. 2007. Jungermannia nilgiriensis, a new species from Nilgiri Hills (Western Ghats) India. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 219–224.

[B-OO10] Bednarek-Ochyra, H., & R. Ochyra. 2010. Bucklandiella shevockii (Bryophyta, Grimmiaceae), an exquisite new species from Yunnan, China. Polish Botanical Journal 55 (2): 499–506.

Crandall-Stotler, B., & R. E. Stotler. 2000. Morphology and classification of the Marchantiophyta. In: Shaw, A. J., & B. Goffinet (eds) Bryophyte Biology pp. 21–70. Cambridge University Press.

[D24] Dixon, H. N. 1924. The Student’s Handbook of British Mosses 3rd ed. V. V. Sumfield: Eastbourne.

[D03] Dusén, P. 1903. The vegetation of western Patagonia. In: Scott, W. B. (ed.) Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896–1899 vol. 8. Botany pp. 1–34. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[E93] Edwards, D. 1993. Bryophyta. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 775–778. Chapman & Hall: London.

[EB01] Engel, J. J., & J. E. Braggins. 2001. Austral Hepaticae 34. The sporophyte of Neogrollea Hodgs. and the taxonomic position of Neogrolleaceae (Schust.) Engel & Braggins comb. & stat. nov. Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 91: 173–204.

[E99] Eriksson, O. E. (ed.) 1999. Notes on ascomycete systematics. Nos 2440–2755. Myconet 2: 1–41.

[E03] Evans, A. W. 1903. Hepaticae collected in southern Patagonia. In: Scott, W. B. (ed.) Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896–1899 vol. 8. Botany pp. 35–62. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[FHH01] Frey, W., M. Hofmann & H. H. Hilger. 2001. The gametophyte-sporophyte junction: unequivocal hints for two evolutionary lines of archegoniate land plants. Flora 196: 431–445.

[G06] Ghosh, J. P. 2006. A preliminary check-list of hepatics of West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 48 (1–4): 73–102.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[L03] Lal, J. 2003. Studies in epiphyllous liverworts of India—its present position. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45 (1–4): 179–186.

[M08] Marstaller, R. 2008. Moosgesellschaften am Südrand des Kyffhäusergebirges bei Bad Frankenhausen (Kyffhäuserkreis). 130. Beitrag zur Moosvegetation Thüringens. Mauritiana 20 (2): 289–348.

[M49] Martin, W. 1949. The bryophytes of Stewart Island.—Part I. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 77 (2): 257–277.

[PK03] Piippo, S., & T. Koponen. 2003. Review of the bryofloristic connections of New Guinea Island. Telopea 10 (1): 467–476.

[SF01] Stech, M., & W. Frey. 2001. CpDNA-relationship and classification of the liverworts (Hepaticophytina, Bryophyta). Nova Hedwigia 72 (1–2): 45–58.

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