Justicia goudotii, copyright Instituto Darwinion.

Belongs within: Justiciinae.

Justicia, shrimp plants, is a pantropical genus of herbs and shrubs with tubular flowers commonly borne in dense inflorescences.

Characters (from Hickman 1993): Annual, perennial or shrub. Inflorescence generally a spike or raceme. Flower with corolla two-lipped, tube longer than lips, wider upward, upper lip notched or two-lobed, lower lip three-lobed; stamens 2, generally appressed to upper lip, anther sacs unequally placed on filament, opening toward lower lip, generally at least lower sac spurred. Fruit club-shaped, stalk flattened. Seeds 4, outlined on fruit surface.

JusticiaSV00 (see below for synonymy)
`--J. sect. Chaetothylax [incl. Pelecostemon Leonard 1958]W09
|--J. albicans Wood 2009 [=Chaetothylax leucanthus Leonard 1958 non J. leucantha Schrank 1824]W09
|--J. goudotii Graham 1988 [=Chaetothylax umbrosus non J. umbrosa]W09
|--J. haughtii (Leonard) Wood 2009 [=Chaetothylax haughtii Leonard 1958]W09
|--J. huilensis (Leonard) Wood 2009 [=Chaetothylax huilensis Leonard 1958]W09
`--J. trianae (Leonard) Wood 2009 [=*Pelecostemon trianae Leonard 1958]W09

Justicia incertae sedis:
J. adhatodaBB07
‘Rostellularia’ adscendensB00
|--R. a. var. adscendensLK14
|--R. a. var. clementiiLK14
|--R. a. var. glaucoviolaceaS91
`--R. a. var. largiflorensLK14
J. americanaSV00 [=Dianthera americanaB66]
J. amphibola (Leonard) Wood 2009 [=Jacobinia amphibola Leonard 1958]W09
J. asystasioidesSV00
J. aureaSV00
J. axiologa (Leonard) Wood 2009 [=Jacobinia axiologa Leonard 1958]W09
J. bentiiSV00
J. betonicaM72
J. brasilianaSV00
J. californica [=Beloperone californica]H93
J. caudataSV00
J. coccineaT-W89
J. cuneataCV06
|--J. c. ssp. cuneataCV06
`--J. c. ssp. hoerleinianaCV06
J. diffusaP03
J. gendarussaBB07
J. guerkeanaCV06
‘Adhatoda’ hyssopifoliaC55
J. kempeanaBR65
J. littoralis Wood 2009 [=Jacobinia lindaviana Rusby 1920 non Justicia lindaviana Leonard 1953]W09
J. longiiSV00
J. magdalenensis Wood 2009 [=J. disparifolia Wood 1988 non Urb. & Ekman 1929]W09
J. mirabiloidesSV00
J. odoraE09
J. origanoidesG01
J. pilosellaSV00
‘Cyrtanthera’ pohlianaT-W89
J. platysepalaCV06
J. procumbensBR65
J. quinquangularisVB02
J. simplexPP07
J. spicigeraSV00
J. vahliiPP07
‘Adhatoda’ vasicaSDK05

JusticiaSV00 [incl. AcelicaSV00, AdhatodaSV00, AmphiscopiaSV00, AnisostachyaSV00, AulojusticiaSV00, BeloperoneSV00, BentiaSV00, CalliaspidiaSV00, CalophanoidesSV00, CalymmostachyaSV00, ChaetochlamysSV00, ChaetothylopsisSV00, ChiloglossaSV00, CorymbostachysSV00, CyphisiaSV00, CyrtantheraSV00, CyrtantherellaSV00, DiantheraSV00, DimanisaSV00, DrejeraSV00, DrejerellaSV00, DuvernoiaSV00, DyspemptemorionSV00, EmulariaSV00, GendarussaSV00, GlosarithysSV00, HarnieriaSV00, HeinzeliaSV00, HemichoristeSV00, HeteraspidiaSV00, IxtlaniaSV00, JacobiniaSV00, KuesteraSV00, LiboniaSV00, LinocalyxSV00, LeptostachyaSV00, LophotheciumSV00, LustriniaSV00, MananthesSV00, NeohalliaSV00, NicotebaSV00, OrthotactusSV00, ParajusticiaSV00, PetalantheraSV00, PlagiacanthusSV00, PlegmatolemmaSV00, PorphyrocomaSV00, PsacadocalymmaSV00, RhacodiscusSV00, Rhaphidospora Nees 1832SV00, KC01, RhipidospermaSV00, RhyticalymmaSV00, RhytiglossaSV00, RodatiaSV00, RostellulariaSV00, SaglorithysSV00, SalviacanthusSV00, SarojusticiaSV00, SarothecaSV00, SericographisSV00, SimonisiaSV00, SiphonoglossaSV00, SolenochasmaSV00, StethomaSV00, TabascinaSV00, ThamnojusticiaSV00, TyloglossaSV00]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BB07] Baishya, A. K., & P. J. Bora. 2007. Cross community ethno-medico botany of Dibru-Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve, Assam. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 121–154.

[BR65] Black, J. M., & E. L. Robertson. 1965. Flora of South Australia. Part IV. Oleaceae–Compositae. W. L. Hawes, Government Printer: Adelaide.

[B00] Braby, M. F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 2. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[B66] Branson, B. A. 1966. Alasmidonta marginata and Ptychobranchus fasciolaris in Kansas. Nautilus 80 (1): 21–24.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175–189.

[E09] Ensermu K. 2009. Three new species of Acanthaceae from Ethiopia. Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 57–65.

[G01] Gorham, H. S. 1901. Descriptions of genera and species of Coleoptera from South Africa (continued). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 401–415.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[KC01] Kirk, P. M., P. F. Cannon, J. C. David & J. A. Stalpers. 2001. Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi 9th ed. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[M72] Mitra, S. N. 1972. Observations on the vegetation of the Upper Damodar catchment area. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (1): 17–25.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P., & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 15–78.

[P03] Paul, T. K. 2003. Botanical observations on the Purulia pumped storage hydropower project area, Bagmundi Hills, Purulia district, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45: 121–142.

[S91] Sankowsky, G. 1991. New food plants for some Queensland butterflies. Australian Entomological Magazine 18 (1): 9–19.

[SV00] Scotland, R. W., & K. Vollesen. 2000. Classification of Acanthaceae. Kew Bulletin 55 (3): 513–589.

[SDK05] Sharma, L. K., N. K. Dadhich & A. Kumar. 2005. Plant based veterinary medicine from traditional knowledge of India. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47: 43–52.

[T-W89] Tenison-Woods, J. E. 1889. On the vegetation of Malaysia. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 4 (1): 9–106, pls 1–9.

[VB02] Vijay, S. K., & T. N. Bhardwaja. 2002. Vegetation and phenodynamics of wetlands of central Rajasthan. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 573–581.

[W09] Wood, J. R. I. 2009. New names, combinations and synonyms in Justicia and Stenostephanus (Acanthaceae). Kew Bulletin 64 (1): 49–55.

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