Kinetoplastea

Bodo saltans, from Sachertt Mendes et al. (2020); scale bars = 5 µm.

Belongs within: Discoba.
Contains: Trypanosomatida.

The Kinetoplastida are unicellular eukaryotes characterised by the presence of the kinetoplast, a region of the mitochondrion containing a large mass of DNA, with many mitochondrial pre-mRNAs subject to moderate or extensive editing (Adl et al. 2012).

<==Kinetoplastea [Bodonida, Kinetoplastida]
| i. s.: BordnamonasAS12
| Cephalothamnium cyclopumAS12, H04
|--Prokinetoplastida [Prokinetoplastina]AS12
| |--Perkinsela Dyková, Fiala & Pecková 2008AB19, DFP08 [=Perkinsiella Hollande 1980 non Kirkaldy 1903DFP08]
| | `--*P. amoebae (Hollande 1980) [=*Perkinsiella amoebae]DFP08
| `--IchthyobodoAS12
| |--I. hippoglossiDFP08
| `--I. necatorDF03
`--MetakinetoplasteaAS12
|--ParabodonidaAS12
| | i. s.: JarrelliaAB19
| |--Procryptobia sorokiniDF03 [=Bodo sorokiniC-SC04]
| |--+--‘Cryptobia’ helicisDF03
| | `--ParabodoDF03
| | |--P. caudatus [=Bodo caudatus]MLB05
| | `--P. nitrophilusDF03
| `--+--TrypanoplasmaDF03
| | |--T. borreliDF03
| | `--T. bullockiM02
| `--CryptobiaDF03
| |--C. bullockiDF03
| |--C. catostomiDF03
| |--C. dahliK-M02
| |--C. keysselitziDF03
| |--C. salmositicaDF03
| `--C. vaginalisDF03
`--+--Bodo [Eubodonida]DF03
| |--B. angustusSX97
| |--B. celerV63
| |--B. globosusLB90
| |--B. mutabilisLB90
| |--B. ovatusV63
| |--B. saltansDF03
| `--B. terricolusV63
`--+--TrypanosomatidaDF03
`--NeobodonidaAS12
| i. s.: Neobodo designisAS12, C-SC06
| ActuariolaAS12
| AzumiobodoAB19
| KlosteriaAB19
| PhanerobiaAB19
|--+--RhynchobodoDF03
| `--Cruzella marinaDF03
`--+--Rhynchomonas nasutaDF03
`--DimastigellaDF03
|--D. mimosaDF03
`--D. trypaniformisDF03

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AB19] Adl, S. M., D. Bass, C. E. Lane, J. Lukeš, C. L. Schoch, A. Smirnov, S. Agatha, C. Berney, M. W. Brown, F. Burki, P. Cárdenas, I. Čepička, L. Chistyakova, J. del Campo, M. Dunthorn, B. Edvardsen, Y. Eglit, L. Guillou, V. Hampl, A. A. Heiss, M. Hoppenrath, T. Y. James, A. Karnkowska, S. Karpov, E. Kim, M. Kolisko, A. Kudryavtsev, D. J. G. Lahr, E. Lara, L. Le Gall, D. H. Lynn, D. G. Mann, R. Massana, E. A. D. Mitchell, C. Morrow, J. S. Park, J. W. Pawlowski, M. J. Powell, D. J. Richter, S. Rueckert, L. Shadwick, S. Shimano, F. W. Spiegel, G. Torruella, N. Youssef, V. Zlatogursky & Q. Zhang. 2019. Revisions to the classification, nomenclature, and diversity of eukaryotes. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 66: 4–119.

[AS12] Adl, S. M., A. G. B. Simpson, C. E. Lane, J. Lukeš, D. Bass, S. S. Bowser, M. W. Brown, F. Burki, M. Dunthorn, V. Hampl, A. Heiss, M. Hoppenrath, E. Lara, E. Le Gall, D. H. Lynn, H. McManus, E. A. D. Mitchell, S. E. Mozley-Stanridge, L. W. Parfrey, J. Pawlowski, S. Rueckert, L. Shadwick, C. L. Schoch, A. Smirnov & F. W. Spiegel. 2012. The revised classification of eukaryotes. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 59 (5): 429–493.

[C-SC04] Cavalier-Smith, T., & E. E. Chao. 2004. Protalveolate phylogeny and systematics and the origins of Sporozoa and dinoflagellates (phylum Myzozoa nom. nov.). European Journal of Protistology 40: 185–212.

[C-SC06] Cavalier-Smith, T., & E. E.-Y. Chao. 2006. Phylogeny and megasystematics of phagotrophic heterokonts (kingdom Chromista). Journal of Molecular Evolution 62: 388–420.

[DF03] Dyková, I., I. Fiala, J. Lom & J. Lukeš. 2003. Perkinsiella amoebae-like endosymbionts of Neoparamoeba spp., relatives of the kinetoplastid Ichthyobodo. European Journal of Protistology 39 (1): 37–52.

[DFP08] Dyková, I., I. Fiala & H. Pecková. 2008. Neoparamoeba spp. and their eukaryotic endosymbionts similar to Perkinsela amoebae (Hollande, 1980): coevolution demonstrated by SSU rRNA gene phylogenies. European Journal of Protistology 44 (4): 269–277.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[K-M02] Klein-MacPhee, G. 2002. Lumpfishes. Family Cyclopteridae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 363–368. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[LB90] Lousier, J. D., & S. S. Bamforth. 1990. Soil protozoa. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 97–136. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[MLB05] Marande, W., J. Lukeš & G. Burger. 2005. Unique mitochondrial genome structure in diplonemids, the sister group of kinetoplastids. Eukaryotic Cell 4 (6): 1137–1146.

[M02] Munroe, T. A. 2002. Wrasses. Family Labridae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 448–466. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[SX97] Song B. & Xie P. 1997. Preliminary studies on the community structure of the planktonic protozoa from the outlet of Lake Dongting. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica 21 (Suppl): 60–68.

[V63] Varga, L. 1963. Weitere Untersuchungen über die aquatile Mikrofauna der Baradla-Höhle bei Aggtelek (Ungarn) (Biospeologica Hungarica, XVII). Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 9 (3–4): 439–458.

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