European green lizard Lacerta bilineata male (left) and female (right), with common wall lizard Podarcis muralis, photographed by Benchaum.

Belongs within: Lacertoidea.

Lacerta, the green lizards, is a genus of relatively large and often brightly coloured lizards found in Europe and western Asia, with the highest density of species in southern Europe. The sand lizard Lacerta agilis is found over a large part of temperate Eurasia, albeit with a patchy distribution in some areas; females and non-breeding males are largely brown with ocellate markings while breeding males turn green on the flanks. The green lizard L. viridis of southeastern Europe is larger and, as the vernacular name suggests, more uniformly green than the sand lizard in both sexes.

<==Lacerta Linnaeus 1758B89
    |--L. acrolampra Costa 1839M55b
    |--L. agama Linnaeus 17568L58
    |--L. agilis Linnaeus 1758MA04 (see below for synonymy)
    |--L. algira Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. ameiva Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. anguina Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. angulata Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. aquatica Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. aurata Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. azurea Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. basiliscus Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. bedriagaeM55b
    |    |--L. b. bedriagaeM55b
    |    `--L. b. tinettoi Taddei 1949M55b
    |--L. bicarinata Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. bilineataN10
    |--L. calotes Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. cappadocicaLK03
    |--L. cordylus Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. dracnaB00
    |--L. filfolensisM55b
    |--L. hispida Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. horvarthiK08
    |--L. iguana Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. ionicaM55b
    |--L. kulzeri (Barbour 1914)LK03
    |--L. laevisLK03
    |--L. lemniscata Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. lineata Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. marmorata Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. mauritanica Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. monitor Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. monticolaSRS02
    |--L. muralisM55c [incl. Podarcis depressa Camerano 1878M01, L. muralis var. depressaM01]
    |    |--L. m. muralisM55c
    |    |--L. m. albiventris (Bonaparte 1836) (see below for synonymy)M55b
    |    |--L. m. breviceps [incl. L. muralis appenninica Taddei 1949]M55b
    |    |--L. m. colosii Taddei 1948 [incl. L. baldasseronii]M55c
    |    `--L. m. tilliguertaM55b
    |--L. orbicularis Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. oxycephalaC79
    |--L. palustris Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. plica Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. praticolaK08
    |    |--L. p. praticolaK08
    |    `--L. p. ponticaK08
    |--L. saxicolaW78
    |--L. schreiberiN10
    |--L. scutata Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. seps Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. sexlineataB00
    |--L. stincus Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. superciliosa Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. tauricaM55b
    |--L. teguixin Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. turcica Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. umbra Linnaeus 1758L58
    |--L. unisexualisM68
    |--L. viridis Laurenti 1768BB03 [incl. L. trilineataH91]
    |    |--L. v. viridisM55c
    |    |--L. v. fejervaryiM55c
    |    `--L. v. italicaM55c
    |--L. vivipara Jacquin 1787M01
    `--L. waglerianaM55b
         |--L. w. wagleriana [incl. L. sicula catanensis Taddei 1949]M55b
         `--L. w. antoninoi Mertens 1955M55a

Lacerta agilis Linnaeus 1758MA04 [incl. L. agilis var. chersonensis Bedriaga 1886M01, L. agilis var. doniensis Bedriaga 1886M01, L. agilis var. exiguaM01, Zootoca exiguaM01, L. paradoxa Bedriaga 1886M01, L. stripium Eichwald 1841M01]

Lacerta muralis albiventris (Bonaparte 1836) [=Podarcis muralis albiventris; incl. L. muralis multifasciata Positano Spada 1892, L. muralis neapolitana Bedriaga 1874]M55b

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B89] Bailon, S. 1989. Les amphibiens et les reptiles du Pliocene superieur de Balaruc II (Herault, France). Palaeovertebrata 19 (1): 7–28.

[BB03] Blain, H.-A., & S. Bailon. 2003. Les amphibiens et les reptiles des couches du Pléistocène supérieur ancien du gisement d’Artenac (Charente, France). Quaternaire 14 (1): 85–95.

[B00] Brongniart, A. 1800. Essai d’une classification naturelle des reptiles. IIe partie. Formation et disposition des genres. Bulletin des Sciences, par la Societé Philomathique de Paris 2 (36): 89–91.

[C79] Clover, R. C. 1979. Phenetic relationships among populations of Podarcis sicula and P. melisellensis (Sauria: Lacertidae) from islands in the Adriatic Sea. Systematic Zoology 28 (3): 284–298.

[H91] Hubálek, Z. 1991. Biogeographic indication of natural foci of tick-borne infections. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 255–260. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[K08] Korsós, Z. 2008. History of the Herpetological Collection of the Hungarian Natural History Museum. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 100: 37–93.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[LK03] Lymberakis, P., & A. Kalionzopoulou. 2003. Additions to the herpetofauna of Syria. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 33–39.

[M68] Maslin, T. P. 1968. Taxonomic problems in parthenogenetic vertebrates. Systematic Zoology 17 (3): 219–231.

[M01] Méhely, L. 1901. Csúszómászók és kétéltűek [Reptilien und Amphibien]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 41–68. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[M55a] Mertens, R. 1955a. Die Mauereidechsen der Liparischen Inseln, gesammelt von Dr. Antonino Trischitta. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36 (1–2): 25–40.

[M55b] Mertens, R. 1955b. Die Maueridechsen Kalabriens, Siziliens und einiger benachbarter Inseln. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 219–234.

[M55c] Mertens, R. 1955c. Die Amphibien und Reptilien der Insel Elba. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36: 287–296.

[MA04] Modesto, S. P., & J. S. Anderson. 2004. The phylogenetic definition of Reptilia. Systematic Biology 53 (5): 815–821.

[N10] Naish, D. 2010. Tetrapod Zoology: Book One. CFZ Press: Bideford (UK).

[SRS02] Shanbhag, B. A., R. S. Radder & S. K. Saidapur. 2002. Members of opposite sex mutually regulate gonadal recrudescence in the lizard Calotes versicolor (Agamidae). Journal of Biosciences 27 (5): 529–537.

[W78] Wiley, E. O. 1978. The evolutionary species concept revisited. Systematic Zoology 27 (3): 17–26.

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