Lacertoidea

Tenerife lizard Gallotia galloti, copyright Adrien Chateignier.

Belongs within: Lepidosauria.
Contains: Gymnophthalmidae, Teiidae, Podarcis, Lacerta.

The Lacertoidea are a group of lizards including the Old World Lacertidae and the New World Teioidea. Members of the clade have an inflated, widely open adductor fossa in the jaw and heterodont dentition. The Teioidea are further united by the presence of infralingual plicae (Pellegrino et al. 2001). Lacertidae have the supratemporal fenestra closed primarily by the postfrontal, the parietal table extended posteriorly and short supratemporal processes, and possess cephalic osteoderms. The genus Gallotia is currently endemic to the Canary Islands though fossil representatives are known from mainland Europe.

<==Lacertoidea
    |--TeioideaMH11
    |    |--GymnophthalmidaeMH11
    |    `--TeiidaeMH11
    `--LacertidaePR01
         |  i. s.: Zootoca viviparaCC04
         |         Teira dugesiiCC04
         |         Miolacerta tenuis Roček 1984RB05
         |         Edlartetia sansaniensis (Lartet 1851)RB05
         |         PsammodromusC74
         |           |--P. algirusWP99
         |           `--P. hispanicusC74
         |         Iberolacerta Arribas 1997CC04
         |           |--+--I. hovarthiCC04
         |           |  `--+--I. aurelioiCC04
         |           |     `--+--I. aranicaCC04
         |           |        `--I. bonnaliCC04
         |           `--+--I. cyreni [=I. monticola cyreni]CC04
         |              |    |--I. c. cyreniCC04
         |              |    `--I. c. castilianaCC04
         |              `--+--I. martinezricai [=I. cyreni martinezricai]CC04
         |                 `--I. monticolaCC04
         |                      |--I. m. monticolaCC04
         |                      `--I. m. cantabricaCC04
         |         PodarcisC79
         |         AcanthodactylusA-O00
         |           |--A. boskianusA-O00
         |           |--A. grandisLK03
         |           |--A. opheodurus Arnold 1980A-O00
         |           |--A. orientalisLK03
         |           |--A. robustusLK03
         |           |--A. schmidti Haas 1957A-O00
         |           |--A. tilburyi Arnold 1986A-O00
         |           `--A. tristamiLK03
         |         Tropidosaura gularisL35
         |         ScapteiraL35
         |           |--S. depressaL35
         |           |--S. knoxiiL35
         |           `--S. suborbitalisL35
         |         PlesiolacertaB93
         |           |--P. lydekkeri Hoffstetter 1942B93
         |           `--P. paleocenicus (Kuhn 1940)B93
         |         Pseudeumeces wahlbeckensis (Kuhn 1940)B93
         |--LacertinaeMH11
         |    |--LacertaN10
         |    `--EremiasMH11
         |         |--E. argus Peters 1869M01
         |         |--E. argutaMH11
         |         |--E. brenchleyi Günther 1872M01
         |         |--E. inornataL35
         |         |--E. przewalskii Strauch 1887M01
         |         `--E. undataL35
         `--+--DracaenosaurusMH11
            `--GallotiaH81 [GallotiinaeMH11]
                 |--G. caesarisMH11
                 |--G. gallotiMH11
                 |    |--G. g. gallotiBKW00
                 |    `--G. g. eisentrautiBKW00
                 |--G. goliathMH11
                 |--G. simonyi (Steindachner 1889)H81
                 `--G. stehliniMH11

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A-O00] Al-Oran, R. M. 2000. Notable herpetological records from central and southern Jordan. Zoology in the Middle East 21: 31–36.

[BKW00] Bannert, B., H. Y. Karaca & A. Wohltmann. 2000. Life cycle and parasitic interaction of the lizard-parasitizing mite Ophionyssus galloticolus (Acari: Gamasida: Macronyssidae), with remarks about the evolutionary consequences of parasitism in mites. Experimental and Applied Acarology 24: 597–613.

[B93] Benton, M. J. 1993. Reptilia. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 681–715. Chapman & Hall: London.

[C79] Clover, R. C. 1979. Phenetic relationships among populations of Podarcis sicula and P. melisellensis (Sauria: Lacertidae) from islands in the Adriatic Sea. Systematic Zoology 28 (3): 284–298.

[C74] Coineau, Y. 1974. Éléments pour une monographie morphologique, écologique et biologique des Caeculidae (Acariens). Mémoires du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, nouvelle série, Série A, Zoologie 81: 1–299, 24 pls.

[CC04] Crochet, P.-A., O. Chaline, Y. Surget-Groba, C. Debain & M. Cheylan. 2004. Speciation in mountains: phylogeography and phylogeny of the rock lizards genus Iberolacerta (Reptilia: Lacertidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 860–866.

[H81] Honegger, R. E. 1981. List of amphibians and reptiles either known or thought to have become extinct since 1600. Biological Conservation 19: 141–158.

[L35] Lawrence, R. F. 1935. The prostigmatic mites of South African lizards. Parasitology 27 (1): 1–45.

[LK03] Lymberakis, P., & A. Kalionzopoulou. 2003. Additions to the herpetofauna of Syria. Zoology in the Middle East 29: 33–39.

[M01] Méhely, L. 1901. Csúszómászók és kétéltűek [Reptilien und Amphibien]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 41–68. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[MH11] Müller, J., C. A. Hipsley, J. J. Head, N. Kardjilov, A. Hilger, M. Wuttke & R. R. Reisz. 2011. Eocene lizard from Germany reveals amphisbaenian origins. Nature 473: 364–367.

[N10] Naish, D. 2010. Tetrapod Zoology: Book One. CFZ Press: Bideford (UK).

[PR01] Pellegrino, K. C. M., M. T. Rodrigues, Y. Yonenaga-Yassuda & J. W. Sites Jr. 2001. A molecular perspective on the evolution of microteiid lizards (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae), and a new classification for the family. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 74: 315–338.

[RB05] Rage, J.-C., & S. Bailon. 2005. Amphibians and squamate reptiles from the late early Miocene (MN 4) of Béon 1 (Montréal-du-Gers, southwestern France). Geodiversitas 27 (3): 413–441.

[WP99] Walter, D. E., & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

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