Lachnospiraceae

Colony of Ruminococcus gnavus, from the Institute of Food Research.

Belongs within: Clostridium.

The Lachnospiraceae are a group of anaerobic bacteria found mostly in the gut of mammals, united on molecular phylogenetic grounds.

<==Lachnospiraceae
    |--Acetitomaculum ruminisGH01, D92
    |--AnaerofilumGH01
    |--Coprococcus eutactusGH01, BS02
    |--JohnsonellaGH01
    |--Roseburia cecicolaGH01, KZ03
    |--SporobacteriumGH01
    |--Lachnospira Bryant & Small 1956AL IJSEM10
    |    |--L. multiparusSJ92
    |    `--L. pectinoschizaBS02
    |--PseudobutyrivibrioGH01
    |    |--P. ruminisKZ03
    |    `--P. xylanivorans Kopečný, Zorec et al. 2003KZ03
    |--ButyrivibrioGH01
    |    |--B. crossotusKZ03
    |    `--+--B. fibrisolvensKZ03
    |       `--+--B. hungatei Kopečný, Zorec et al. 2003KZ03
    |          `--‘Clostridium’ proteoclasticumKZ03
    `--Ruminococcus Sijpesteijn 1948AL GH01, IJSEM10 [Ruminococcaceae]
         |--R. albusSJ92
         |--R. flavefaciensSJ92
         |--R. gnavusBS02
         |--R. hanseniiBS02
         |--R. lactarisBS02
         |--R. obeumBS02
         |--R. productus [=Peptostreptococcus productus]PK03
         `--R. torquesBS02

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BS02] Bonnet, R., A. Suau, J. Doré, G. R. Gibson & M. D. Collins. 2002. Differences in rDNA libraries of faecal bacteria derived from 10- and 25-cycle PCRs. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 52: 757–763.

[D92] Diekert, G. 1992. The acetogenic bacteria. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 517–533. Springer-Verlag: New York.

[GH01] Garrity, G. M., & J. G. Holt. 2001. The road map to the Manual. In: Boone, D. R., R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity (eds) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2nd ed. vol. 1. The Archaea and the Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria pp. 119–166. Springer.

[IJSEM10] IJSEM. 2010. Validation list no. 132. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 60: 469–472.

[KZ03] Kopečný, J., M. Zorec, J. Mrázek, Y. Kobayashi & R. Marinšek-Logar. 2003. Butyrivibrio hungatei sp. nov. and Pseudobutyrivibrio xylanivorans sp. nov., butyrate-producing bacteria from the rumen. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 201–209.

[PK03] Parshina, S. N., R. Kleerebezem, J. L. Sanz, G. Lettinga, A. N. Nozhevnikova, N. A. Kostrikina, A. M. Lysenko & A. J. M. Stams. 2003. Soehningia saccharolytica gen. nov., sp. nov. and Clostridium amygdalinum sp. nov., two novel anaerobic, benzaldehyde-converting bacteria. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 1791–1799.

[SJ92] Schlegel, H. G., & H. W. Jannasch. 1992. Prokaryotes and their habitats. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 75–125. Springer-Verlag: New York.

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