Leuconostoc mesenteroides, copyright Fred Breidt.

Belongs within: Bacilli.
Contains: Streptococcus, Lactobacillus.

The Lactobacillales are a group of acid-tolerant, low-G+C bacteria, commonly found in decomposing plants and milk products, that obtain energy through the fermentation of carbohydrates to produce lactic acid.

    |  i. s.: Aerococcaceae GH01
    |           |–Aerococcus GH01
    |           |–Abiotrophia GH01
    |           |–Dolosicoccus GH01
    |           |–Eremococcus GH01
    |           |–Facklamia GH01
    |           |–Globicatella GH01
    |           `–Ignavigranum GH01
    |–+–Streptococcaceae GH01
    |  |    |–Streptococcus PHK96
    |  |    `–Lactococcus lactis GH01, PHK96 [=Streptococcus lactis PHK96]
    |  |         |–L. l. ssp. lactis BD03
    |  |         |–L. l. ssp. cremoris BD03
    |  |         `–L. l. ssp. diacetilactis PHK96
    |  `–Enterococcaceae GH01
    |       |–Melissococcus GH01
    |       |–Tetragenococcus GH01
    |       |–Vagococcus salmoninarum GH01, MP95
    |       `–Enterococcus PHK96
    |            |–E. faecalis GV03
    |            |–E. faecium ALS95
    |            |–E. hirae PF99
    |            `–E. villorum Vancanneyt et al. 2001 JC08
    `–+–Carnobacteriaceae GH01
       |    |–Carnobacterium piscicola PHK96
       |    |–Agitococcus GH01
       |    |–Alloiococcus GH01
       |    |–Desemzia GH01
       |    |–Dolosigranulum GH01
       |    |–Lactosphaera GH01
       |    `–Trichococcus GH01
       `–+–Lactobacillaceae GH01
          |    |–Lactobacillus PHK96
          |    `–Pediococcus GH01
          |         |–P. cerevisiae PHK96
          |         `–P. pentosetaceus PHK96
          `–Leuconostocaceae GH01
               |–Oenococcus GH01
               |–Weissella GH01
               `–Leuconostoc PHK96
                    |  i. s.: L. cremoris PHK96
                    |         L. gasicomitatum Björkroth et al. 2001 JC08
                    |–+–L. mesenteroides PHK96
                    |  `–L. oenos PHK96
                    `–+–L. paramesenteroides PHK96
                       `–‘Lactobacillus’ viridescens PHK96

*Type species of generic name indicated


[ALS95] Amann, R. I., W. Ludwig & K.-H. Schleifer. 1995. Phylogenetic identification and in situ detection of individual microbial cells without cultivation. Microbiological Reviews 59 (1): 143–169.

[BD03] Baele, M., L. A. Devriese, M. Vancanneyt, M., Vaneechoutte, C. Snauwaert, J. Swings & F. Haesebrouck. 2003. Emended description of Streptococcus ferus isolated from pigs and rats. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 143–146.

[GH01] Garrity, G. M., & J. G. Holt. 2001. The road map to the Manual. In: Boone, D. R., R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity (eds) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2nd ed. vol. 1. The Archaea and the Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria pp. 119–166. Springer.

[GV03] Goyache, J., A. I. Vela, M. D. Collins, C. Ballesteros, V. Briones, J. Moreno, P. Yorio, L. Domínguez, R. Hutson & J. F. Fernández-Garayzábal. 2003. Corynebacterium spheniscorum sp. nov., isolated from the cloacae of wild penguins. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 43–46.

[JC08] Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. 2008. Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 58: 1755–1763.

[MP95] Maher, M., R. Palmer, F. Gannon & T. Smith. 1995. Relationship of a novel bacterial fish pathogen to Streptobacillus moniliformis and the fusobacteria group, based on 16S ribosomal RNA analysis. Systematic and Applied Microbiology 18: 79–84.

[PF99] Philippe, H., & P. Forterre. 1999. The rooting of the universal tree of life is not reliable. Journal of Molecular Evolution 49: 509–523.

[PHK96] Prescott, L. M., J. P. Harley & D. A. Klein. 1996. Microbiology 3rd ed. Wm. C. Brown Publishers: Dubuque (Iowa).

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