Lactobacillus

Lactobacillus casei, copyright AJC1.

Belongs within: Lactobacillales.

Lactobacillus is a genus of rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic or microaerophilic bacteria found in association with animal guts and other tissues. They obtain energy through the conversion of sugars to lactic acid.

<==Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901AL IJSEM10
    |--+--+--L. caseiSF04
    |  |  `--L. fructivoransBV03
    |  `--+--L. pentosusSF04
    |     `--L. plantarumSF04
    `--+--+--L. collinoidesBV03
       |  `--L. paracollinoides Suzuki, Funahashi et al. 2004SF04
       |--+--+--L. curvatusBV03
       |  |  `--+--L. graminisBV03
       |  |     `--L. sakeiSF04
       |  `--+--+--L. amylophilusSF04
       |     |  `--L. reuteriNS03
       |     `--+--+--L. orisNS03
       |        |  `--L. panisBV03
       |        `--+--L. pontisNS03
       |           `--+--L. frumentiBV03
       |              `--L. vaginalisNS03
       `--+--+--L. maliNS03
          |  `--+--+--L. ruminisNS03
          |     |  `--+--L. murinusSF04
          |     |     `--+--L. alimentariusSF04
          |     |        `--L. animalisSF04
          |     `--+--+--L. agilisNS03
          |        |  `--+--L. brevisSF04
          |        |     `--L. paracaseiBV03
          |        `--+--L. aviariusNS03
          |           |    |--L. a. ssp. aviariusNS03
          |           |    `--L. a. ssp. araffinosusNS03
          |           `--L. salivariusNS03
          |                |--L. s. ssp. salivariusNS03
          |                `--L. s. ssp. saliciniusNS03
          `--+--+--L. bifermentansSF04
             |  `--L. coryniformisSF04
             `--+--+--L. buchneriSF04
                |  `--+--L. mucosaeNS03
                |     `--+--L. ingluviei Baele, Vancanneyt et al. 2003BV03
                |        |--L. thermotolerans Niamsup, Sujaya et al. 2003NS03
                |        `--L. fermentumSF04
                |             |--L. f. ssp. fermentumNS03
                |             `--L. f. ssp. cellobiosusNS03
                `--+--+--L. inersMA03
                   |  `--+--L. johnsoniiNS03
                   |     `--+--L. parabuchneriBV03
                   |        `--+--L. farciminisBV03
                   |           `--L. gasseriNS03
                   `--+--+--L. fornicalisMA03
                      |  `--L. jenseniiMA03
                      `--+--L. acetotoleransMA03
                         `--+--L. delbrueckiiSF04
                            |    |--L. d. ssp. delbrueckiiNS03
                            |    |--L. d. ssp. bulgaricusNS03
                            |    `--L. d. ssp. lactisNS03
                            `--+--+--L. hamsteriMA03
                               |  `--+--L. amylolyticusMA03
                               |     `--L. intestinalisMA03
                               `--+--+--L. acidophilusNS03
                                  |  `--+--L. gallinarumNS03
                                  |     `--L. helveticusMA03
                                  `--+--L. crispatusNS03
                                     `--+--L. amylovorusNS03
                                        `--L. kitasatonis Mukai, Arihara et al. 2003MA03
Lactobacillus incertae sedis:
  L. durianis Leisner, Vancanneyt et al. 2002LV02
  L. ferintoshensis Simpson et al. 2002JC08
  L. fructosusLV02
  L. hilgardiiBV03
  L. kandleriMP95
  L. kefiriLV02
  L. kimchiiEMV03
  L. kunkeeiLV02
  L. leichmanniiPHK96
  L. lindneriEMV03
  L. malefermentansEMV03
  L. mindensis Ehrmann, Müller & Vogel 2003EMV03
  L. parakefiriLV02
  L. paralimentariusEMV03
  L. psittaciLV02
  L. rhamnosusBV03 [=L. casei ssp. rhamnosusS01]
  L. sanfranciscensisEMV03
  L. sharpeaeBV03
  L. suebicusLV02
  L. vaccinostercusLV02
  L. zeaeA-FP-M03

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A-FP-M03] Acedo-Félix, E., & G. Pérez-Martínez. 2003. Significant differences between Lactobacillus casei subsp. casei ATCC 393T and a commonly used plasmid-cured derivative revealed by a polyphasic study. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 67–75.

[BV03] Baele, M., M. Vancanneyt, L. A. Devriese, K. Lefebvre, J. Swings & F. Haesebrouck. 2003. Lactobacillus ingluviei sp. nov., isolated from the intestinal tract of pigeons. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 133–136.

[EMV03] Ehrmann, M. A., M. R. A. Müller & R. F. Vogel. 2003. Molecular analysis of sourdough reveals Lactobacillus mindensis sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 7–13.

[IJSEM10] IJSEM. 2010. Validation list no. 132. List of new names and new combinations previously effectively, but not validly, published. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 60: 469–472.

[JC08] Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. 2008. Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 58: 1755–1763.

[LV02] Leisner, J. J., M. Vancanneyt, K. Lefebvre, K. Vandemeulebroecke, B. Hoste, N. E. Vilalta, G. Rusul & J. Swings. 2002. Lactobacillus durianis sp. nov., isolated from an acid-fermented condiment (tempoyak) in Malaysia. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 52: 927–931.

[MP95] Maher, M., R. Palmer, F. Gannon & T. Smith. 1995. Relationship of a novel bacterial fish pathogen to Streptobacillus moniliformis and the fusobacteria group, based on 16S ribosomal RNA analysis. Systematic and Applied Microbiology 18: 79–84.

[MA03] Mukai, T., K. Arihara, A. Ikeda, K. Nomura, F. Suzuki & H. Ohori. 2003. Lactobacillus kitasatonis sp. nov., from chicken intestine. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 2055–2059.

[NS03] Niamsup, P., I N. Sujaya, M. Tanaka, T. Sone, S. Hanada, Y. Kamagata, S. Lumyong, A. Assavanig, K. Asano, F. Tomita & A. Yokota. 2003. Lactobacillus thermotolerans sp. nov., a novel thermotolerant species isolated from chicken faeces. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 263–268.

[PHK96] Prescott, L. M., J. P. Harley & D. A. Klein. 1996. Microbiology 3rd ed. Wm. C. Brown Publishers: Dubuque (Iowa).

[S01] Sneath, P. H. A. 2001. Bacterial nomenclature. In: Boone, D. R., R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity (eds) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2nd ed. vol. 1. The Archaea and the Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria pp. 83–88. Springer.

[SF04] Suzuki, K., W. Funahashi, M. Koyana & H. Yamashita. 2004. Lactobacillus paracollinoides sp. nov., isolated from brewery environments. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 54: 115–117.

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