Laphriinae

Andrenosoma fulvicaudum, copyright Tom Murray.

Belongs within: Asilidae.
Contains: Atomosini.

The Laphriinae are a group of robber flies lacking a conspicuous stylus on the antenna (Wood 1981). Members of the genus Laphria are particularly large, hairy robber flies that mimic bees in appearance. The Andrenosomatini are characterised by a dorsoventrally strongly flattened proboscis and flat, lamellate palpi, and females bear a cylindrical anal tube formed from the cerci (Fisher 2009).

Characters (from Wood 1981): Antenna blunt apically, without stylus, or with one or two abruptly tapered short microsegments. Palpus two-segmented. Wing with R2+3 joining R1 proximal to end of R1, with cell r thus separated from wing margin; crossvein m-cu present; thus apex of cell bm closed by three veins. Male terminalia rotated 180° permanently.

<==Laphriinae F09
    |  i. s.: Smeryngolaphria [Dasytrichini] F09
    |           `–S. numitor F09
    |–+–Atomosini BT04
    |  `–Laphriini [Dasylechiini] BT04
    |       |–Maira BT04
    |       |–Dasylechia W81
    |       |–Orthogonis stygia W81
    |       |–Ichneumolaphria fascipennis F09
    |       |–*Phellopteron farri F09
    |       |–Rhopalogaster F09
    |       |    |–R. araujoi F09
    |       |    `–R. micronyx F09
    |       |–Lampria F09
    |       |    |–L. aurifex F09
    |       |    |–L. clavipes F09
    |       |    `–L. rubriventris W81
    |       `–Laphria BT04
    |            |–L. bomboides Macquart 1847 E12
    |            |–L. coerulea Meigen in Boisduval 1835 B35
    |            |–L. colorata Boisduval 1835 B35
    |            |–L. flava G20
    |            |–L. gilva K01
    |            |–L. hirta C91
    |            |–L. sadales W81
    |            `–L. thoracica CW09
    `–Andrenosomatini F09
         |–Cerotainiops F09
         |–Exodasyllis F09
         |–Neophoneus [Neophoneini] F09
         |    `–N. amandus F09
         |–Pilica F09
         |    |–*P. formidolosa F09
         |    `–P. erythrogaster F09
         |–Dasandra F09
         |    |–*D. ayalai F09
         |    |–D. hespenheidei F09
         |    `–D. zanutoi F09
         |–Dasyllis F09
         |    |–D. corallia F09
         |    |–D. funebris F09
         |    |–D. haemorrhoa F09
         |    `–D. phoenicogaster F09
         |–Eurycheilis F09
         |    |–E. bromleyi F09
         |    |–E. collini F09
         |    |–E. eufriesiae F09
         |    `–E. nigra F09
         `–Andrenosoma BT04
              |–*A. (Andrenosoma) atrum F09
              |–A. cinereum F09
              |–A. fulvicaudum F09
              |–A. (Pogonosoma) ridingsi W81
              |–A. sarcophagum F09
              `–A. xanthocnemum F09

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B35] Boisduval, J. B. 1835. Voyage de Découvertes de l’Astrolabe. Exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1827–1828–1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d’Urville. Faune entomologique de l’océan Pacifique, avec l’illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage vol. 2. Coléoptères et autres ordres. J. Tastu: Paris.

[BT04] Bybee, S. M., S. D. Taylor, C. R. Nelson & M. F. Whiting. 2004. A phylogeny of robber flies (Diptera: Asilidae) at the subfamilial level: molecular evidence. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30: 789–797.

[C91] CSIRO. 1991. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[CW09] Cumming, J. M., & D. M. Wood. 2009. Adult morphology and terminology. In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 9–50. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[F09] Fisher, E. M. 2009. Asilidae (robber flies, assassin flies, moscas cazadoras, moscas ladronas). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 585–632. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[K01] Kertész, K. 1901. Legyek [Dipteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 179–201. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[W81] Wood, G. C. 1981. Asilidae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 549–573. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

Last updated: 17 April 2022.

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