Lasiosphaeriaceae

 Podospora anserina, from here.

Belongs within: Sordariales.

The Lasiosphaeriaceae are a family of saprobes found in dung, soil and rotting vegetation (Cannon & Kirk 2007).

Characters (from Cannon & Kirk 2007): Stromata absent, rarely with a basal subiculum. Ascomata perithecial, dark, often thick-walled, ostiolate or not, often hairy or ornamented, the ostiole if presen t periphysate. Interascal tissue often present, of wide thin-walled paraphyses, often inconspicuous and usually evanescent. Asci cylindric-davate to clavate, fairly thin-walled and not fissitunicate, rarely evanescent, usually with a small J- apical ring. Ascospores variable, usually with at least one dark brown and one hyaline cell, occasionally ornamented, with gelatinous appendages or caudae (often long), normally lacking a sheath. Anamorphs varied but rarely prominent, hyphomycetous, probably spermatial in function.

<==Lasiosphaeriaceae [Myelospermaceae]
|--+--Lasiosphaeria Ces. & De Not. 1863M-FM20, KC01 (see below for synonymy)
| | |--L. rugulosaM-FM20
| | `--+--L. glabrataM-FM20
| | `--+--L. sorbinaM-FM20
| | `--+--*L. ovinaM-FM20
| | `--L. lanuginosaM-FM20
| `--+--Bellojisia rhynchostomaM-FM20
| |--+--Corylomyces selenosporusM-FM20
| | `--‘Cercophora’ sparsaM-FM20
| `--+--‘Cercophora’ sulphurellaM-FM20
| `--+--+--‘Podospora’ didymaM-FM20
| | `--Zopfiella Winter 1884M-FM20, KC01 [incl. Ariefia Jacz. 1922KC01, Tripterospora Cain 1956KC01]
| | `--*Z. tabulataM-FM20
| `--Anopodium Lundq. 1964M-FM20, KC01
| `--A. ampullaceumHM17
`--+--Apodospora Cain & Mirza 1970M-FM20, KC01
| |--A. gotlandicaM-FM20
| `--A. simulansM-FM20
`--+--+--Bombardia (Fr.) Karst. 1873M-FM20, KC01 [incl. Naemaspora Willd. 1787KC01]
| | `--B. bombardaM-FM20
| `--Bombardioidea Moreau ex Lundq. 1972M-FM20, KC01 [incl. Hormospora De Not. 1844 non Bréb. 1839KC01]
| `--B. anartiaM-FM20
`--+--+--+--‘Podospora’ fabiformisM-FM20
| | `--‘Podospora’ fibrinocaudataM-FM20
| `--+--‘Zopfiella’ attenuataM-FM20
| `--‘Zopfiella’ pleuroporaM-FM20
`--+--Fimetariella Lundq. 1964M-FM20, KC01
| `--F. rabenhorstiiM-FM20
`--+--‘Cercophora’ scorteaM-FM20
`--‘Podospora’ appendiculataM-FM20

Lasiosphaeriaceae incertae sedis:
Acrospermoides Mill. & Thomps. 1940EB03, KC01
Adomia Schatz 1985EB03, KC01
Arniella Jeng & Krug 1977KC01
Biconiosporella Schaumann 1972KC01
Bizzozeria Sacc. & Berl. 1885KC01
Camptosphaeria Fuckel 1870KC01
Caudatispora Fröhl. & Hyde 1995KC01
Diffractella Guarro, Cannon & Aa 1991KC01
Emblemospora Jeng & Krug 1976KC01
Eosphaeria Höhn. 1917 [incl. Herminia Hilber 1979 non Latreille 1802 (ICZN)]KC01
Lasiobertia Sivan. 1978EB03, KC01
Lasiosphaeriella Sivan. 1975KC01
Merugia Rogerson & Samuels 1990EB03, KC01
Periamphispora Krug 1989KC01
Phaeotrichosphaeria Sivan. 1983EB03, KC01
Phragmodiscus Hansf. 1947KC01
Plagiosphaera Petr. 1941EB03, KC01
Pseudocercophora Subram. & Sekar 1986KC01
Strattonia Cif. 1954 [incl. Hansenia Zopf 1883 non Karst. 1879]KC01
`--*S. tetrasporaM-FM20
Tripterosporella Subram. & Lodha 1968 [incl. Cleistobombardia Mirza 1968]KC01
Thaxteria Sacc. 1891 [=Bizzozeria Speg. 1889 non Sacc. & Berl. 1885]KC01
Endophragmiella Sutton 1973KC01
Ceratosphaeria Niessl 1876EB03, KC01
`--C. phialidica [=Pseudohalonectria phialidica]HM17
Mycomedusiospora Carroll & Munk 1964KC01
`--M. flavida [=Cyanocephalium flavidum]RS99
Pulmosphaeria Taylor, Hyde & Jones 1996EB03, E99
`--*P. archontophoenicis Taylor, Hyde & Jones 1996E99
Rivulicola Hyde 1997KC01
`--R. appendisporaHH00
Myelosperma Sydow & Sydow 1915EB03, HW99
|--*M. tumidumHW99
|--M. alta Hyde & Wong 1999HW99
`--M. parasiticaHW99

Lasiosphaeria Ces. & De Not. 1863M-FM20, KC01 [incl. Hormosperma Penz. & Sacc. 1897KC01, Lasiella Quél. 1875KC01, Lasiosordariella Chenant. 1919KC01]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[E99] Eriksson, O. E. (ed.) 1999. Notes on ascomycete systematics. Nos 2440–2755. Myconet 2: 1–41.

[EB03] Eriksson, O. E., H. O. Barah, R. S. Currah, K. Hansen, C. P. Kurtzman, G. Rambold & T. Laessøe (eds.) 2003. Outline of Ascomycota—2003. Myconet 9: 1–89.

[HH00] Ho, W. H., & K. D. Hyde. 2000. A new family of freshwater ascomycetes. Fungal Diversity 4: 21–36.

[HM17] Hongsanan, S., S. S. N. Maharachchikumbura, K. D. Hyde, M. C. Samarakoon, R. Jeewon, Q. Zhao, A. M. Al-Sadi & A. H. Bahkali. 2017. An updated phylogeny of Sordariomycetes based on phylogenetic and molecular clock evidence. Fungal Diversity 84: 25–41.

[HW99] Hyde, K. D., & S.-W. Wong. 1999. Ultrastructural studies on the Myelospermaceae fam. nov., with a new species of Myelosperma. Mycological Research 103: 347–352.

[KC01] Kirk, P. M., P. F. Cannon, J. C. David & J. A. Stalpers. 2001. Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi 9th ed. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[M-FM20] Marin-Felix, Y., A. N. Miller, J. F. Cano-Lira, J. Guarro, D. García, M. Stadler, S. M. Huhndorf & A. M. Stchigel. 2020. Re-evaluation of the order Sordariales: delimitation of Lasiosphaeriaceae s. str., and introduction of the new families Diplogelasinosporaceae, Naviculisporaceae, and Schizotheciaceae. Microorganisms 8: 1430.

[RS99] Rossman, A. Y., G. J. Samuels, C. T. Rogerson & R. Lowen. 1999. Genera of Bionectriaceae, Hypocreaceae and Nectriaceae (Hypocreales, Ascomycetes). Studies in Mycology 42: 1–248.

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