Lebiini

Microlestes sp., copyright Mike Quinn.

Belongs within: Harpalinae.
Contains: Tetragonoderus, Lebia, Pericalina, Cymindis, Dromius, Demetrida, Anomotarus.

The Lebiini represent a diverse group of carabid beetles that has proven difficult to define morphologically (Ober & Maddison 2008). Representatives include the primarily arboreal genus Calleida, members of which have the tarsomeres longitudinally sulcate dorsomedially (Ball & Bousquet 2001).

<==Lebiini (see below for synonymy)B14
    |--+--+--TetragonoderusOM08
    |  |  `--Masoreus Dejean 1831OM08, BB01
    |  |       |--M. fuscipennis [=Aephnidius fuscipennis]B89a
    |  |       |--M. simplex [=Aephnidius simplex]B89a
    |  |       `--M. wetterhalliOM08
    |  |            |--M. w. wetterhalliOM08
    |  |            `--M. w. axillarisOM08
    |  `--+--+--+--LebiaOM08
    |     |  |  `--Lia quadrinotataOM08
    |     |  `--+--Menarus testaceusOM08
    |     |     `--Syntomus Hope 1838OM08, LM87 [incl. Metabletus Schmidt-Geobel 1846BB01]
    |     |          |--*S. truncatellus (Linnaeus 1761)LM87 (see below for synonymy)
    |     |          |--S. americanus (Dejean 1831)BB01 [=Metabletus americanusB90]
    |     |          |--‘Lebia’ obscuroguttata Duftschmid 1812 [=*Metabletus obscuroguttatus]LM87
    |     |          `--S. quadripunctatus (Schmidt-Goebel 1846) [=Metabletus quadripunctatus]LM87
    |     `--+--Microlestes Schmidt-Goebel 1846OM08, LM87 [incl. Dromius Sloane 1898 non Bonelli 1810LM87]
    |        |    |--*M. inconspicuus Schmidt-Goebel 1846LM87
    |        |    |--M. atrifasciatus Sloane 1910LM87
    |        |    |--M. australiensis (Sloane 1900) [=Dromius australiensis]LM87
    |        |    |--M. exilisB89b
    |        |    |--‘Blechrus’ infuscatus Motsch 1859 [incl. B. stricticollis Baudi 1864]G89
    |        |    |--M. lucidiousOM08
    |        |    |--M. macleayi Csiki 1932 [=Dromius humeralis Macleay 1871 non Stephens 1827]LM87
    |        |    |--‘Blechrus’ minutulusC01
    |        |    `--M. yarrae (Blackburn 1892) [=Dromius yarrae]LM87
    |        `--+--Aephnidius MacLeay 1825OM08, BB01
    |           |    |--*A. adelioides (Macleay 1825)LM87 (see below for synonymy)
    |           |    `--A. madagascariensisB55
    |           `--+--Axinopalpus LeConte 1849OM08, BB01 [incl. Variopalpis Solier 1849BB01]
    |              |    |--A. biplagiatus (Dejean 1825)BB01
    |              |    `--A. fuscicepsOM08
    |              `--PeliocypasOM08
    |                   |--P. debilisB55
    |                   |--P. fragilisB55
    |                   `--P. suturalisB89b
    `--+--PericalinaOM08
       `--+--Cymindina [Cymindidina]OM08
          |    |--CymindisOM08
          |    `--Hystrichopus (Pseudomasoreus Desbrochers 1904)OM08, BB01
          |         `--H. (P.) reticulatusOM08
          `--+--DromiusOM08
             `--+--Mimodromius nigrotestaceusOM08
                `--+--DemetridaOM08
                   `--+--+--Apenina [Apenini]OM08
                      |  |    |--CymindoideaOM08
                      |  |    `--Apenes LeConte 1851BB01
                      |  |         |--A. hilariolaOM08
                      |  |         |--A. lucidula (Dejean 1831)BB01
                      |  |         |--A. marmorataFS90
                      |  |         |--A. omostigmaFS90
                      |  |         |--A. purpuratus Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890FS90
                      |  |         `--A. sinuata (Say 1823)BB01
                      |  `--+--AnomotarusOM08
                      |     `--Euproctinus Leng & Mutchler 1927OM08, BB01 (see below for synonymy)
                      |          |  i. s.: E. pallidusOM08
                      |          |--E. (Euproctinus) fasciatus (Solier 1849)BB01
                      |          `--E. (Neoeuproctus Shpeley 1986)BB01
                      |               |--E. (N.) abjectus (Bates 1883)BB01
                      |               |--E. (N.) balli Shpeley 1986BB01
                      |               `--E. (N.) trivittatus (LeConte 1878)BB01
                      `--+--+--+--CylindrocraniusOM08
                         |  |  `--EucheiliniOM08
                         |  |       |--Eucheila Dejean 1831 (see below for synonymy)BB01
                         |  |       `--Inna Putzeys 1863BB01
                         |  |            |--I. boyeri Solier 1835 [=Eucheila boyeri]BB01
                         |  |            |--I. breviformisOM08
                         |  |            `--I. texanaB90
                         |  `--+--+--Endynomena pradieri (Fairm. 1849)OM08, B89b [=Lebia pradieriB89b]
                         |     |  `--+--Lachnoderma Macleay 1873OM08, LM87
                         |     |     |    |--*L. cinctum Macleay 1873LM87
                         |     |     |    |--L. foveolatum Sloane 1915LM87
                         |     |     |    `--L. hirsutumOM08
                         |     |     `--Physodera Eschscholtz 1829OM08, LM87 [Physoderina]
                         |     |          |--*P. dejeani Eschscholtz 1829LM87
                         |     |          |--P. bacchusi Darlington 1971LM87
                         |     |          `--P. bifenestrataOM08
                         |     `--+--Parena Motschulsky 1860OM08, LM87 (see below for synonymy)
                         |        |    |--*P. bicolor Motschulsky 1860LM87
                         |        |    |--P. dorae Basilewsky 1955B55
                         |        |    |--P. fasciata (Chaudoir 1872) (see below for synonymy)LM87
                         |        |    |--P. ferruginea Chaudoir 1878B55
                         |        |    |--‘Crossoglossa’ latecincta Bates 1873B89b
                         |        |    `--P. picea (Macleay 1871) [=*Phloeodromius piceus]LM87
                         |        `--Plochionus Dejean 1825OM08, BB01 [=PlocionusBB01]
                         |             |  i. s.: P. bonfilsiiR26
                         |             |--P. (Plochionus)BB01
                         |             |    |--P. (P.) niger Fauvel 1903BB01
                         |             |    `--P. (P.) pallens (Fabricius 1775)BB01
                         |             `--P. (Menidius Chaudoir 1872)BB01
                         |                  |--P. (M.) amandus Newman 1840BB01
                         |                  |--P. (M.) bicolor Notman 1919BB01
                         |                  `--P. (M.) timidus Haldeman 1843BB01
                         `--+--Plagiotelum Solier 1849OM08, LM87
                            |    |--*P. irinum Solier 1849LM87
                            |    `--P. opalescens Olliff 1885LM87
                            `--+--Agra Fabricius 1801OM08, BB01 [Agriini, Agrina]
                               |    |--A. aeneaL02
                               |    |--A. cajennensis [=Brachinus (Agra) cajennensis]G20
                               |    |--A. exarataOM08
                               |    |--A. oblongopunctatumB90
                               |    `--A. truquiiOM08
                               `--+--+--Aspasiola Chaudoir 1877OM08, BB01
                                  |  `--+--Hyboptera Chaudoir 1872OM08, BB01
                                  |     |    |--H. angulicollisOM08
                                  |     |    `--H. dilutior Oberthür 1884BB01
                                  |     `--Onota Chaudoir 1872OM08, BB01
                                  |          |--O. angulicollisOM08
                                  |          `--O. floridana Horn 1881BB01
                                  `--+--+--Callidiola (Goniocallida) olsoufieffiOM08
                                     |  `--StenocallidaOM08
                                     |       |--S. augusticollisOM08
                                     |       |--S. fasciataB55
                                     |       |--S. rubiginosaB55
                                     |       |--S. ruficollisB55
                                     |       `--S. umbrigeraB55
                                     `--Calleida Latreille & Dejean 1824OM08, BB01
                                          |  i. s.: C. propinqua Fleutiaux 1887B89b
                                          |         C. rubricata Motsch. 1864B89b
                                          |         C. splendidaB35
                                          |--C. (Calleida) decoraBB01
                                          `--C. (Philophuga Motschulsky 1859)BB01
                                               |--C. (P.) brachinoides Bates 1883BB01
                                               |--C. (P.) caeruleaOM08
                                               `--C. (P.) viridis (Dejean 1831)BB01
Lebiini incertae sedis:
  Nemotarsus LeConte 1853 [incl. Nematotarsus Gemminger & Harold 1868; Nemotarsina, Nemotarsinae]BB01
    `--N. elegans LeConte 1853BB01
  Tecnophilus Chaudoir 1877 [incl. Philotecnus LeConte 1961 non Mannerheim 1837]BB01
    |--T. croceicollis (Ménétriés 1843)BB01
    `--T. pilatei Chaudoir 1877BB01
  Cylindronotum Putzeys 1845 [incl. Micragra Chaudoir 1872]BB01
    `--C. aeneum Putzeys 1845BB01
  Caphora Schmidt-Goebel 1846LM87
    |--*C. humilis Schmidt-Goebel 1846LM87
    `--C. africanaB55
  Cyclicus Jeannel 1949BB01
    |--C. aericollis (Quedenfeldt 1883) [=Tetragonoderus aericollis]B55
    |--C. dissimilis Basilewsky 1955B55
    `--C. leprieuriB55
  Cyclosomus Latreille 1829BB01
    |--C. flexuosus (Fabricius 1775)B14
    |--C. inustusB14
    |--C. marginatus Motsch. 1864B89b
    `--C. suturalisB14
  Atlantomasoreus Mateu 1984BB01
  Microus Chaudoir 1876BB01
  Macracanthus Chaudoir 1846BB01
  Odontomasoreus Darlington 1968BB01
  Leuropus Andrewes 1947BB01
  Mnuphorus Chaudoir 1873BB01
  Oecornis Britton 1949BB01
  Paulianites nidicola Jeannel 1949BB01
  LionychusBB01
  Philorhizus Hope 1838BB01
    |--P. atriceps (LeConte 1880)BB01
    |--P. figuratusB55
    `--P. oculatusB55
  Cryptobatis Eschscholtz 1829BB01
  Infernophilus Larson 1969BB01
    `--I. castaneus (Horn 1882)BB01
  Anaulacus fasciatus [=Aephnidius fasciatus; incl. An. basalis Fleut. 1887]B89b
  Thyreopterus flavosignatus [incl. T. flavosignatus var. lyratus]B55
  Thyreopterinus overlaeti [incl. T. overlaeti var. vaneyeni]B55
  Peripristus ater [=Thyreopterus ater]B89b
  Brachichila hypocritaB89b
  Anchista binotata (see below for synonymy)B89b
  DemetriasB89b
    |--D. annamensis Bates 1889B89b
    |--D. atricapillusB89b
    `--D. cordicollis Bates 1889B89b
  BlechrusB89b
    |--B. annamensis Bates 1889B89b
    `--B. glabratusB89b
Nomen nudum: Apenes cyaneovirescens Chevrolat in Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890FS90

*Aephnidius adelioides (Macleay 1825)LM87 [=Anaulacus (*Aephnidius) adelioidesLM87, Masoreus adelioidesB89a; incl. M. australis Sloane 1904LM87]

Anchista binotata [=Plochionus binotatus; incl. Calleida discophora Chaudoir 1852, Paraphoea signifera Bates 1873]B89b

Eucheila Dejean 1831 [incl. Bordoniella Mateu 1989, Hansus Ball & Shpeley 1983, Pseudoinna Mateu 1989]BB01

Euproctinus Leng & Mutchler 1927OM08, BB01 [incl. Andrewesella Csiki 1932BB01, Euproctus Solier 1849 non Gené 1838BB01]

Lebiini [Calleidina, Cyclosomini, Demetriina, Dromiina, Dromiini, Lebiina, Lionychina, Masoreinae, Masoreini, Masoreitae, Metadromiina, Metadromiini, Metallicina, Peliocypidina, Peliocypini, Pseudotrechina, Pseudotrechini, Tetragonoderinae, Tetragonoderini, Thyreopterinae]B14

Parena Motschulsky 1860OM08, LM87 [incl. Crossoglossa Chaudoir 1872LM87, Phloeodromius Macleay 1871LM87]

Parena fasciata (Chaudoir 1872) [=Crossoglossa fasciata; incl. Phloeodromius plagiatus Macleay 1876, Parena sloanei Csiki 1932]LM87

*Syntomus truncatellus (Linnaeus 1761)LM87 [=Carabus truncatellusLM87, Lebia truncatellaL02, Metabletus truncatellusC01]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BB01] Ball, G. E., & Y. Bousquet. 2001. Carabidae Latreille, 1810. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr & M. C. Thomas (eds) American Beetles vol. 1. Archostemata, Myxophaga, Adephaga, Polyphaga: Staphyliniformia pp. 32–132. CRC Press: Boca Raton.

[B55] Basilewsky, P. 1955. Carabidae (Coleoptera) de l’Angola (première partie). Diamang Publicações Culturais 27: 91–137.

[B89a] Bates, H. W. 1889a. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmani e regioni vicine. XVI.—On some Carabidae from Burma collected by Mr. L. Fea. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 100–111.

[B89b] Bates, H.-W. 1889b. Contributions a la faune Indo-Chinoise. 3e mémoire. Carabidae. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: 261–286.

[B90] Bell, R. T. 1990. Insecta: Coleoptera Carabidae adults and larvae. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 1053–1092. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[B35] Boisduval, J. B. 1835. Voyage de Découvertes de l’Astrolabe. Exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1827–1828–1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d’Urville. Faune entomologique de l’océan Pacifique, avec l’illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage vol. 2. Coléoptères et autres ordres. J. Tastu: Paris.

[B14] Bouchard, P. (ed.) 2014. The Book of Beetles: A lifesize guide to six hundred of nature’s gems. Ivy Press: Lewes (United Kingdom).

[C01] Csiki, E. 1901. Bogarak [Coleopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 75–120. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[FS90] Fleutiaux, E., & A. Sallé. 1890. Liste des coléoptères de la Guadeloupe et descriptions d’espèces nouvelles. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: 351–484.

[G89] Gestro, R. 1889. Viaggio ab Assab nel Mar Rosso dei signori G. Doria ed O. Beccari con il R. Avviso “Esploratore” dal 16 Novembre 1879 al 26 Febbraio 1880.—IV. Coleotteri. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 5–72.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[LM87] Lawrence, J. F., B. P. Moore, J. E. Pyke & T. A. Weir. 1987. Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 4. Coleoptera: Archostemata, Myxophaga and Adephaga. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.

[OM08] Ober, K. A., & D. R. Maddison. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of tribes within Harpalinae (Coleoptera: Carabidae) as inferred from 28S ribosomal DNA and the wingless gene. Journal of Insect Science 8: 63.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

 

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