Weeping frog Physalaemus biligonigerus, copyright Silviolamothe.

Belongs within: Leptodactylidae.

The Leiuperinae are a South American group of frogs in which the larvae have dextral vents (Frost et al. 2006).

<==Leiuperinae [Leiuperina]PW11
| i. s.: Leiuperus Duméril & Bibron 1841FG06
| Somuncuria Lynch 1978PW11, FG06
|--Pseudopaludicola Miranda-Ribeiro 1926PW11, FG06 [Pseudopaludicolinae]
| `--P. falcipesPW11
`--+--Pleurodema Tschudi 1838PW11, FG06
| | i. s.: P. diplolistrisKF69
| | P. kriegiFG06
| | P. somuncurensisFB17
| |--P. brachyopsPW11
| `--+--P. marmoratumPW11
| `--+--P. bufoninumPW11
| `--+--P. bibroniPW11
| `--P. thaulPW11
`--+--Edalorhina Jiménez de la Espada 1871PW11, FG06
| `--E. pereziPW11
`--+--Engystomops Jiménez de la Espada 1872PW11, FG06
| |--+--E. pustulosusPW11
| | `--+--E. freibergiPW11
| | `--E. petersiPW11
| `--+--E. pustulatusPW11
| `--+--+--E. coloradorumPW11
| | `--E. guayacoPW11
| `--+--E. montubioPW11
| `--E. randiPW11
`--Physalaemus Fitzinger 1826PW11, FG06
| i. s.: P. coloradorumRS93
| P. pustulosusRS93
|--+--P. signiferPW11
| `--Eupemphix Steindachner 1863PW11, FG06
| `--E. nattereriPW11
`--+--+--P. albonotatusPW11
| `--+--P. cuvieriPW11
| `--P. ephippiferPW11
`--+--+--P. barrioiPW11
| `--P. gracilisPW11
`--+--P. biligonigerusPW11
`--P. riograndensisPW11

*Type species of generic name indicated


[FB17] Feng, Y.-J., D. C. Blackburn, D. Liang, D. M. Hillis, D. B. Wake, D. C. Cannatella & P. Zhang. 2017. Phylogenomics reveals rapid, simultaneous diversification of three major clades of Gondwanan frogs at the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 114 (29): E5864–E5870.

[FG06] Frost, D. R., T. Grant, J. Faivovich, R. H. Bain, A. Haas, C. F. B. Haddad, R. O. de Sá, A. Channing, M. Wilkinson, S. C. Donnellan, C. J. Raxworthy, J. A. Campbell, B. L. Blotto, P. Moler, R. C. Drewes, R. A. Nussbaum, J. D. Lynch, D. M. Green & W. C. Wheeler. 2006. The amphibian tree of life. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 1–370.

[KF69] Kluge, A. G., & J. S. Farris. 1969. Quantitative phyletics and the evolution of anurans. Systematic Zoology 18 (1): 1–32.

[PW11] Pyron, R. A., & J. J. Wiens. 2011. A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2800 species, and a revised classification of extant frogs, salamanders, and caecilians. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 543–583.

[RS93] Reeve, H. K., & P. W. Sherman. 1993. Adaptation and the goals of evolutionary research. The Quarterly Review of Biology 68 (1): 1–32.

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