Leopardus

 Margay Leopardus wiedii, photographed by J. C. Schou.

Belongs within: Felidae.

As recognised by Johnson et al. (2006) on the basis of molecular analysis, Leopardus is a genus of cats found primarily in South America. All species in the genus have black spots and/or stripes on a light background coloration. The ocelot L. pardalis is the largest species in the genus and one of the most widespread, with its distribution extending into the southern United States, though it has almost become extinct north of Mexico. The margay L. wiedii is a smaller species with a relatively longer tail and legs that only inhabits dense forest.

<==Leopardus Gray 1842 (see below for synonymy)C57
    |--+--L. pardalis (Linnaeus 1758)JE06, L58 [=Felis pardalisC57, F. (Zibethailurus) pardalisC57; incl. *Leopardus griseusC57]
    |  |    |--L. p. pardalisC57
    |  |    |--L. p. aequatorialis (Mearns 1902) (see below for synonymy)C57
    |  |    |--L. p. maripensis (Allen 1904) (see below for synonymy)C57
    |  |    |--L. p. mitis (Cuvier 1820) (see below for synonymy)C57
    |  |    |--‘Felis’ p. nelsoniG69
    |  |    |--L. p. pseudopardalis (Boitard 1842) (see below for synonymy)C57
    |  |    |--L. p. pusaea (Thomas 1914) [=Felis pardalis pusaea, L. pardalis pusaeus]C57
    |  |    `--L. p. steinbachi Pocock 1941 [=Felis pardalis steinbachi]C57
    |  `--L. wiedii (Schinz 1821)JE06, C57 [=Felis wiediiC57, Margay tigrina wiediiC57]
    |       |--L. w. wiedii (see below for synonymy)C57
    |       |--L. w. amazonicus (Cabrera 1917) [=Felis wiedii amazonica]C57
    |       |--L. w. boliviae Pocock 1941 [=Felis wiedii boliviae]C57
    |       |--‘Felis’ w. nicaraguaeBP87
    |       |--‘Felis’ w. oaxacensisG69
    |       |--L. w. pirrensis (Goldman 1914) (see below for synonymy)C57
    |       |--‘Felis’ w. salviniaBP87
    |       |--L. w. vigens (Thomas 1904) (see below for synonymy)C57
    |       `--‘Felis’ w. yucatanicaG69
    `--+--+--L. colocoloJE06
       |  `--L. jacobitaJE06
       `--+--L. tigrinus (Schreber 1775)JE06, C57 [=Felis tigrinaC57, F. (Oncoides) tigrinaC57, Margay tigrinaC57]
          |    |--L. t. tigrinus [incl. Felis emiliae Thomas 1914, Oncilla guttula emiliae, F. margay Müller 1776]C57
          |    |--L. t. guttulus (Hensel 1872) (see below for synonymy)C57
          |    |--‘Felis’ t. oncillaBP87
          |    `--L. t. pardinoides (Gray 1867) (see below for synonymy)C57
          `--+--L. geoffroyi (D’Orbigny & Gervais 1844)JE06, C57 (see below for synonymy)
             |    |--L. g. geoffroyi (see below for synonymy)C57
             |    |--L. g. euxanthus (Pocock 1940) [=Oncifelis geoffroyi euxanthus, Felis geoffroyi euxantha]C57
             |    |--L. g. leucobaptus (Pocock 1940) [=Oncifelis geoffroyi leucobaptus, Felis geoffroyi leucobapta]C57
             |    |--L. g. paraguae (Pocock 1940) (see below for synonymy)C57
             |    `--L. g. salinarum (Thomas 1903) [=Felis salinarum, Oncifelis geoffroyi salinarum]C57
             `--L. guigna (Molina 1782)JE06, C57 (see below for synonymy)
                  |--L. g. guigna [incl. Oncifelis santacrucensis Artayeta 1950]C57
                  `--L. g. tigrillo (Pöppig in Schinz 1844) [=Felis tigrillo; incl. F. guigna molinae Osgood 1943]C57

Leopardus Gray 1842 [incl. Margay Gray 1867, Noctifelis Severtzow 1858, Oncifelis Severtzow 1858, Oncilla Allen 1919, Oncoides Severtzow 1858, Pardalina Gray 1867, Pardalis Gray 1867]C57

Leopardus geoffroyi (D’Orbigny & Gervais 1844)JE06, C57 [=Felis geoffroyiC57, F. (Oncifelis) geoffroyiC57, F. (Oncoides) geoffroyiC57, Herpailurus geoffroyiC57]

Leopardus geoffroyi geoffroyi (D’Orbigny & Gervais 1844) [incl. Felis geoffroyi macdonaldi Marelli 1932, F. pardoides Gray 1867, Pardalina warwickii Gray 1867]C57

Leopardus geoffroyi paraguae (Pocock 1940) [=Oncifelis geoffroyi paraguae, Felis geoffroyi paraguae; incl. F. melas Bertoni 1914 non Cuvier 1809]C57

Leopardus guigna (Molina 1782)JE06, C57 [=Felis guignaC57, F. guinaC57, Herpailurus guignaC57, Noctifelis guignaC57, Oncifelis guignaC57]

Leopardus pardalis aequatorialis (Mearns 1902) [=Felis pardalis aequatorialis, Oncoides pardalis aequatorialis; incl. F. mearnsi Allen 1910, Leopardus pardalis mearnsi]C57

Leopardus pardalis maripensis (Allen 1904) [=Felis pardalis maripensis; incl. Felis melanura Ball 1844 (n. d.), Leopardus pardalis melanurus, Oncoides pardalis tumatumari Allen 1915, L. pardalis tumatumari]C57

Leopardus pardalis mitis Cuvier 1820 [=Felis pardalis mitis; incl. F. armillatus Cuvier 1832, F. pardalis brasiliensis Schinz 1844, Leopardus pardalis brasiliensis, F. chati Gray 1827, F. pardalis chibigouazou Gray in Griffith 1827, F. chibigouavou (l. c.), F. chibiguazu, Leopardus pardalis chibigouazou, Oncoides pardalis chibigouazou, Felis hamiltoni Fischer 1830, F. maracaya Wagner 1841, F. smithii Swainson 1838]C57

Leopardus pardalis pseudopardalis (Boitard 1842) [=Felis pardalis pseudopardalis; incl. F. sanctaemartae Allen 1906, Leopardus pardalis sanctaemartae]C57

Leopardus tigrinus guttulus (Hensel 1872) [=Felis tigrina guttula, F. guttata (l. c.) non Hermann 1804, F. (Oncoides) tigrina guttula, Oncilla guttula; incl. F. (Oncoides) mitis Lahille 1899 non Cuvier 1820]C57

Leopardus tigrinus pardinoides (Gray 1867) [=Felis tigrina pardinoides, Noctifelis pardinoides; incl. F. pardinoides andina Thomas 1903, Margay tigrina andina, M. caucensis Allen 1915, Oncilla caucensis, M. tigrina elenae Allen 1915, O. pardinoides elenae, Felis pardinoides emerita Thomas 1912, Margay tigrina emerita, Oncilla pardinoides emerita]C57

Leopardus wiedii pirrensis (Goldman 1914) [=Felis wiedii pirrensis; incl. Margay wiedi andina Allen 1916 non Felis pardinoides andina Thomas 1903, F. (Margay) glaucula ludovici Lönnberg 1925]C57

Leopardus wiedii vigens (Thomas 1904) [=Felis wiedii vigens, Margay tigrina vigens; incl. F. wiedii catenata Hamilton Smith in Griffith 1827 (n. n.)]C57

Leopardus wiedii wiedii (Schinz 1821) [incl. Felis elegans Lesson 1830, F. macroura Wied 1823, F. macrourus, F. macrura, Leopardus wiedii pardictis Pocock 1941, F. wiedii pardictis, L. tigrinoides Gray 1842, F. venusta]C57

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BP87] Burton, J. A., & B. Pearson. 1987. Collins Guide to the Rare Mammals of the World. Collins: London.

[C57] Cabrera, A. 1957. Catalogo de los mamiferos de America del Sur. I (Metatheria—Unguiculata—Carnivora). Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales “Bernardino Rivadavia” e Instituto Nacional de Investigacion de Las Ciencias Naturales, Ciencias Zoológicas 4 (1): 1–307.

[G69] Goodwin, G. G. 1969. Mammals from the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, in the American Museum of Natural History. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 141 (1): 1–269, 40 pls.

[JE06] Johnson, W. E., E. Eizirik, J. Pecon-Slattery, W. J. Murphy, A. Antunes, E. Teeling & S. J. O’Brien. 2006. The Late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: a genetic assessment. Science 311: 73–77.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

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