Bazzania trilobata, photographed by Blue Ridge Kitties.

Belongs within: Jungermanniales.

The Lepidoziaceae is a cosmopolitan family of leafy liverworts, most speciose in tropical regions. They are characterised by the possession of lobed but not folded leaves.

Characters (from Hong 1988): Dioicous or autoicous (never paroicous) gametangia; strongly incubous or transverse leaf insertion; distinctly two- to four-lobed leaves; unistratose cortical layer of stem; limited rhizoid-initial layer at base of underleaves; presence of filiform flagella branches (postical or lateral); long, slender tapering trigonous perianths on short ventral branches; ovoid to ovoid-cylindric capsule with two- to five-layered walls; 1.0-1.5 to 1.0 spore-elater diameter ratio; gemmae completely absent.

<==Lepidoziaceae [Lepidoziineae]
    |--Drucella [Drucelloideae]EB01
    |    |--Zoopsis linkiensisFHH01
    |    `--PseudocephaloziaEB01
    |         |--P. cucullataEB01
    |         |--P. paludicolaEB01
    |         `--P. quadrilobaEB01
    |    |--LembidiumEB01
    |    |    |--L. nutansEB01
    |    |    `--L. tenaxM49
    |    |--Chloranthelia denticulataEB01
    |    |--Isolembidium anomalumEB01
    |    |    |--I. a. var. anomalumEB01
    |    |    `--I. a. var. cucullatumEB01
    |    `--HygrolembidiumEB01
    |         |--H. acrocladumEB01
    |         |--H. australeEB01
    |         `--H. triquetrumEB01
         |    |--A. anisostomumEB01
         |    `--A. colensoanumM49
              |--B. adnexaEB01
              |--B. appendiculataG06
              |--B. himalayanaG06
              |--B. imbricataG06
              |--B. involutaEB01
              |    |--B. i. var. involutaEB01
              |    `--B. i. var. submuticaEB01
              |--B. jamaicensisJ87
              |--B. longaJ87
              |--B. monilinerveM49
              |--B. novae-hollandiaeM49
              |--B. novae-zelandiaeE03
              |--B. ovistipulaG06
              |--B. pearsoniiG06
              |--B. preruptaG06
              |--B. sikkimensisG06
              |--B. taylorianumM49
              |--B. trictranataG06
              `--B. trilobataL-BWC03
Lepidoziaceae incertae sedis:
    |--L. albulaM49
    |--L. bisetulaM49
    |--L. blepharostomaE03
    |--L. brevifloraSS07
    |--L. capillarisE03
    |--L. capilligeraE03
    |--L. centipesM49
    |--L. corduliferaE03
    |--L. concinnaM49
    |--L. cucullifoliaD03
    |--L. cupressinaE03
    |--L. erosaG06
    |--L. filamentosa Lehmann & Lindenb. 1845 (see below for synonymy)E03
    |--L. hippuerioidesM49
    |--L. laevifoliaD03
    |--L. munchianaJ87
    |--L. oliogophyllaE03
    |--L. patensJ87
    |--L. patentissimaM49
    |--L. pendulinaM49
    |--L. plumulosa Lehmann & Lindenb. 1845 (see below for synonymy)E03
    |--L. praenitensM49
    |--L. pumilaEB01
    |--L. reptansG06
    |--L. robustaG06
    |--L. saddlensisE03
    |--L. seriatitextaE03
    |--L. setiformisE03
    |--L. spinosissimaEB01
    |--L. tenaxM49
    `--L. truncatella Nees 1845 [=Mastigophora truncatella Trevis. 1877]E03
  Paracromastigum granatensisEB01
  Zoopsidella dichotomaEB01
  Telaranea Spruce ex Schiffn. 1895 (nom. cons.)EB01, DD07 [incl. Arachniopsis Spruce 1882DD07]
    |--T. indica (Srivastava & Verma) Daniels & Daniel 2007 [=Arachniopsis indica Srivastava & Verma 2004]DD07
    |--T. nematodesEB01
    `--T. tasmanicaEB01
    |--K. hippuroidesEB01
    |--K. mollisEB01
    `--K. trichocladosFHH01
  Micropterygium trachyphyllumJ87
  Dendrobazzania griffithianaG06

Lepidozia filamentosa Lehmann & Lindenb. 1845 [=Jungermannia filamentosa Lehmann & Lindenb. in Lehmann 1832, Mastigophora filamentosa Trevis. 1877]E03

Lepidozia plumulosa Lehmann & Lindenb. 1845 [=Jungermannia plumulosa Lehmann & Lindenb. in Lehmann 1834, Mastigophora plumulosa Trevis. 1877; incl. Jungermannia tetradactyla Hooker & Taylor 1844, Lepidozia tetradactyla Taylor 1845]E03

*Type species of generic name indicated


[DD07] Daniels, A. E. D., & P. Daniel. 2007. Name changes in two Indian liverworts. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 231–232.

[D03] Dusén, P. 1903. The vegetation of western Patagonia. In: Scott, W. B. (ed.) Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 18961899 vol. 8. Botany pp. 1–34. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[EB01] Engel, J. J., & J. E. Braggins. 2001. Austral Hepaticae 34. The sporophyte of Neogrollea Hodgs. and the taxonomic position of Neogrolleaceae (Schust.) Engel & Braggins comb. & stat. nov. Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 91: 173–204.

[E03] Evans, A. W. 1903. Hepaticae collected in southern Patagonia. In: Scott, W. B. (ed.) Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 18961899 vol. 8. Botany pp. 35–62. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[FHH01] Frey, W., M. Hofmann & H. H. Hilger. 2001. The gametophyte-sporophyte junction: unequivocal hints for two evolutionary lines of archegoniate land plants. Flora 196: 431–445.

[G06] Ghosh, J. P. 2006. A preliminary check-list of hepatics of West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 48: 73–102.

Hong, W. S. 1988. The family Lepidoziaceae in North America west of the Hundredth Meridian. Bryologist 91 (4): 326–333.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State MuseumBiological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[L-BWC03] López-Bautista, J. M., D. A. Waters & R. L. Chapman. 2003. Phragmoplastin, green algae and the evolution of cytokinesis. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 1715–1718.

[M49] Martin, W. 1949. The bryophytes of Stewart Island.—Part I. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 77 (2): 257–277.

[SS07] Singh, S. K., & D. K. Singh. 2007. A preliminary census of Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of Doon Valley. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 1–14.

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