Eastern cottontail Sylvilagus floridanus, copyright Gareth Rasberry.

Belongs within: Leporidae.
Contains: Leporini.

The Leporinae are a clade including living species of the rabbits and hares. Representatives include the European rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus, a burrowing species native to southwestern Europe and northwestern Africa that has become widespread outside its native range as a domesticate of humans. The cottontails of the genus Sylvilagus are found widely across the Americas.

<==Leporinae [Bunolagini, Oryctolagini, Pentalaginae]A99
    |--+--Nesolagus Forsyth Major 1899MV04, A99
    |  |    |--N. netscheriFS15
    |  |    `--N. timminsiFS15
    |  `--+--Poelagus St. Leger 1932MV04, A99
    |     |    `--P. marjoritaFS15
    |     `--Pronolagus Lyon 1904MV04, A99
    |          |--P. crassicaudatus (Geoffroy 1832)MV04, P04
    |          `--+--P. randensisMV04
    |             `--+--P. rupestrisMV04
    |                `--P. saundersiaeMV04
    `--+--Romerolagus Merriam 1896MV04, A99
       |    `--R. diaziFS15
          |  `--Aztlanolagus Russell & Harris 1986FS15, A99
          |       `--A. agilisFS15
          `--+--+--+--Oryctolagus Lilljeborg 1874MV04, A99
             |  |  |    `--O. cuniculus (Linnaeus 1758)K92
             |  |  `--Caprolagus Blyth 1845MV04, A99
             |  |       `--C. hispidusFS15
             |  `--+--Bunolagus Thomas 1929MV04, A99
             |     |    `--B. monticularisFS15
             |     `--Pentalagus Lyon 1904MV04, A99
             |          `--P. furnessi (Stone 1900)P04
             `--+--Brachylagus Miller 1900MV04, A99
                |    `--B. idahoensisFS15 [=Sylvilagus idahoensisJ68]
                `--Sylvilagus Gray 1867FS15, A99
                     |  i. s.: S. cumanicusT00
                     |         S. margaritaeT00
                     |         S. orinoci Thomas 1900T00
                     |         S. surdaster Thomas 1901T01
                     |--+--+--S. obscurusMV04
                     |  |  `--S. transitionalisFS15
                     |  `--+--+--S. cuniculariusFS15
                     |     |  |    |--S. c. cuniculariusG69
                     |     |  |    `--S. c. pacificusG69
                     |     |  `--S. graysoniFS15
                     |     `--+--S. robustusFS15
                     |        `--+--S. cognatusFS15
                     |           `--S. floridanusFS15
                     |                |--S. f. floridanusMB86
                     |                |--S. f. aztecusG69
                     |                |--S. f. connectensG69
                     |                |--S. f. llanensisF68
                     |                |--S. f. mearnsii (Allen 1894) [=Lepus sylvaticus mearnsii]B75
                     |                |--S. f. orizabae (Merriam 1893)MB86
                     |                `--S. f. similisF68
                     `--+--+--S. auduboniiMV04
                        |  |    |--S. a. auduboniiMB86
                        |  |    |--S. a. minorMB86
                        |  |    |--S. a. neomexicanusF68
                        |  |    `--S. a. parvulus (Allen 1904)MB86
                        |  `--S. nuttalliiFS15
                        `--+--S. aquaticusMV04 [=Limnolagus aquaticusG88]
                           |--S. insonusFS15
                           |--S. palustrisFS15
                           `--+--+--S. bachmaniFS15
                              |  `--S. mansuetusFS15
                              `--+--S. brasiliensisFS15
                                 |    |--S. b. brasiliensisG69
                                 |    |--S. b. gabbiG69
                                 |    `--S. b. trueiG69
                                 `--+--S. diceiFS15
                                    `--S. varynaensisFS15
Leporinae incertae sedis:
  Pratilepus Hibbard 1939A99
  Nekrolagus Hibbard 1939A99
  Serengetilagus Dietrich 1941A99
  Sericolagus Averianov 1996A99
    `--S. brachypusDW04
  Pliopentalagus Gureev & Konkova 1964A99
    |--P. dietrichi (Fejfar 1961) [=Alilepus dietrichi]P04
    `--P. moldaviensis Gureev & Konkova 1964P04
  Trischizolagus Radulesco & Samson 1967A99
    |--T. dumitrescue Radulesco & Samson 1967 (see below for synonymy)P04
    `--T. maritsae De Bruijn, Dawson & Mein 1970P04
Inorganic: Oryctolagus cuniculus minilorientalus Okamura 1987O87

Trischizolagus dumitrescue Radulesco & Samson 1967 [incl. Pratilepus kutschurganicus Topachevsky 1980, Seregnetilagus orientieuropaeus Topachevsky 1987, P. ucrainicus Topachevsky 1980]P04

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A99] Averianov, A. O. 1999. Phylogeny and classification of Leporidae (Mammalia, Lagomorpha). Vestnik Zoologii 33 (1–2): 41–48.

[B75] Bowles, J. B. 1975. Distribution and biogeography of mammals of Iowa. Special Publications, The Museum, Texas Tech University 9: 1–184.

[DW04] Deng T., Wang X., Ni X. & Liu L. 2004. Sequence of the Cenozoic mammalian faunas of the Linxia Basin in Gansu, China. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 78 (1): 8–14.

[FS15] Faurby, S., & J.-C. Svenning. 2015. A species-level phylogeny of all extant and late Quaternary extinct mammals using a novel heuristic-hierarchical Bayesian approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 14–26.

[F68] Fisher, D. R. 1968. A study of faunal resemblance using numerical taxonomy and factor analysis. Systematic Zoology 11 (1): 48–63.

[G69] Goodwin, G. G. 1969. Mammals from the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, in the American Museum of Natural History. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 141 (1): 1–269, 40 pls.

[G88] Gray, J. 1988. Evolution of the freshwater ecosystem: the fossil record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 62: 1–214.

[J68] Johnson, M. L. 1968. Application of blood protein electrophoretic studies to problems in mammalian taxonomy. Systematic Zoology 17 (1): 23–30.

[K92] Klompen, J. S. H. 1992. Phylogenetic relationships in the mite family Sarcoptidae (Acari: Astigmata). Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 180: i–vi, 1–154.

[MB86] Matson, J. O. & R. H. Baker. 1986. Mammals of Zacatecas. Special Publications, Museum of Texas Tech University 24: 1–88.

[MV04] Matthee, C. A., B. J. van Vuuren, D. Bell & T. J. Robinson. 2004. A molecular supermatrix of the rabbits and hares (Leporidae) allows for the identification of five intercontinental exchanges during the Miocene. Systematic Biology 53 (3): 433–447.

[O87] Okamura, C. 1987. New facts: Homo and all Vertebrata were born simultaneously in the former Paleozoic in Japan. Original Report of the Okamura Fossil Laboratory 15: 347–573.

[P04] Popov, V. V. 2004. Pliocene small mammals (Mammalia, Lipotyphla, Chiroptera, Lagomorpha, Rodentia) from Muselievo (north Bulgaria). Geodiversitas 26 (3): 403–491.

[T00] Thomas, O. 1900. Descriptions of two new murines from Peru and a new hare from Venezuela. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 354–357.

[T01] Thomas, O. 1901. New Myotis, Artibeus, Sylvilagus, and Metachirus from Central and South America. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 541–545.

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