Caribbean white-lipped frog Leptodactylus albilabris, copyright Chris Harrison.

Belongs within: Hyloidea.
Contains: Leiuperinae.

The Leptodactylidae are a Neotropical family of frogs commonly found on the forest floor. Members of the family lack the section of m. subarcualis rectus I originating from ceratobranchial III, and have a pointed dorsal connection from the processus muscularis to the neurocranium (Frost et al. 2006).

<==Leptodactylidae [Cystignathi, Cystignathidae]
| i. s.: Cystignathus Wagler 1830FG06
| PaludicolaB89a
| |--P. biligonigeraB89a
| |--P. falcipesB89a
| `--P. fuscomaculataB89a
| Plectromantis Peters 1862 [Plectromantidae]FG06
| Estesiella boliviensis [=Estesius boliviensis]B00
| Eorubeta nevadensis Hecht 1960RR00
| `--ParatelmatobiinaePW11
| |--Scythrophrys Lynch 1971PW11, FG06
| | `--S. sawayaePW11
| `--Paratelmatobius Lutz & Carvalho 1958FG06
| | i. s.: *P. lutzii Lutz & Carvalho 1958PW11
| |--P. cardosoiPW11
| `--+--P. gaigeaePW11
| `--P. poecilogasterPW11
`--Leptodactylinae [Adenomeridae]PW11
| i. s.: Hydrolaetare Gallardo 1963PW11, FG06
|--+--Adenomera Steindachner 1867PW11, FG06
| | |--A. andreae (Müller 1923)PW11, FG06 [=Leptodactylus (Lithodytes) andreaeFG06]
| | `--+--A. heyeriPW11
| | `--A. hylaedactyla Cope 1868PW11, FG06 [=Leptodactylus (Lithodytes) hylaedactylusFG06]
| `--Lithodytes Fitzinger 1843PW11, FG06
| |--L. araucarius Kwet & Angulo 2002 [=Leptodactylus (Lithodytes) araucarius]FG06
| |--L. bokermanni (Heyer 1973) [=Leptodactylus (Lithodytes) bokermanni]FG06
| |--L. diptyx (Boettger 1885) [=Leptodactylus (Lithodytes) diptyx]FG06
| |--L. lineatus Schneider 1799 [=Leptodactylus (Lithodytes) lineatus]FG06
| |--L. lutzi Heyer 1975 [=Leptodactylus (Lithodytes) lutzi]FG06
| |--L. marmoratus Steindachner 1867 [=Leptodactylus (Lithodytes) marmoratus]FG06
| `--L. martinezi Bokermann 1956 [=Leptodactylus (Lithodytes) martinezi]FG06
`--Leptodactylus Fitzinger 1826PW11, FG06 [incl. Vanzolinius Heyer 1974FG06]
| i. s.: L. bolivianusM81
| L. caliginosusB89a
| L. fragilisM81
| L. insularumH96
| L. labialisKF69
| L. latransFB17
| L. latinasusFG06
| L. poecilochilusM81
|--L. rhodomystaxPW11
`--+--+--L. silvanimbusPW11
| `--+--+--L. chaquensisPW11
| | `--L. ocellatusPW11
| `--+--L. leptodactyloidesPW11
| `--+--L. riveroiPW11
| `--+--+--L. melanonotusPW11
| | `--+--L. wagneriPW11
| | `--+--L. pallidirostrisPW11
| | `--L. validusPW11
| `--+--L. podicipinusPW11
| `--+--L. diedrusPW11
| `--+--L. discodactylus Boulenger 1884PW11, FG06 [=Vanzolinius discodactylusFG06]
| `--L. griseigularisPW11
`--+--L. rhodonotusPW11
`--+--+--L. vastusPW11
| `--+--L. fallaxPW11
| `--+--L. labyrinthicusPW11
| `--+--L. knudseniPW11
| `--L. pentadactylusPW11
`--+--L. mystacinusPW11
`--+--+--L. spixiPW11
| `--+--L. elenaePW11
| `--+--L. notoaktitesPW11
| `--+--L. didymusPW11
| `--L. mystaceusPW11
`--+--+--L. albilabrisPW11
| `--+--L. gracilisPW11
| `--L. plaumanniPW11
`--+--L. fuscusPW11
`--+--L. bufoniusPW11
`--L. longirostrisPW11

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B00] Báez, A. M. 2000. Tertiary anurans from South America. In: Heatwole, H., & R. L. Carroll (eds) Amphibian Biology vol. 4. Palaeontology. The evolutionary history of amphibians pp. 1388–1401. Surrey Beatty & Sons.

[B89] Boulenger, G. A. 1889. On a collection of batrachians made by Prof. Charles Spegazzini at Colonia Resistencia, South Chaco, Argentine Republic. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 246–249.

[FB17] Feng, Y.-J., D. C. Blackburn, D. Liang, D. M. Hillis, D. B. Wake, D. C. Cannatella & P. Zhang. 2017. Phylogenomics reveals rapid, simultaneous diversification of three major clades of Gondwanan frogs at the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 114 (29): E5864–E5870.

[FG06] Frost, D. R., T. Grant, J. Faivovich, R. H. Bain, A. Haas, C. F. B. Haddad, R. O. de Sá, A. Channing, M. Wilkinson, S. C. Donnellan, C. J. Raxworthy, J. A. Campbell, B. L. Blotto, P. Moler, R. C. Drewes, R. A. Nussbaum, J. D. Lynch, D. M. Green & W. C. Wheeler. 2006. The amphibian tree of life. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 1–370.

[H96] Hedges, S. B. 1996. Historical biogeography of West Indian vertebrates. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 27: 163–196.

[KF69] Kluge, A. G., & J. S. Farris. 1969. Quantitative phyletics and the evolution of anurans. Systematic Zoology 18 (1): 1–32.

[M81] Miyamoto, M. M. 1981. Congruence among character sets in phylogenetic studies of the frog genus Leptodactylus. Systematic Zoology 30 (3): 281–290.

[PW11] Pyron, R. A., & J. J. Wiens. 2011. A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2800 species, and a revised classification of extant frogs, salamanders, and caecilians. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 543–583.

[RR00] Roček, Z., & J.-C. Rage 2000. Tertiary Anura of Europe, Africa, Asia, North America, and Australia. In: Heatwole, H., & R. L. Carroll (eds) Amphibian Biology vol. 4. Palaeontology. The evolutionary history of amphibians pp. 1332–1387. Surrey Beatty & Sons.

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