Lestiphorus

Lestiphorus bicinctus, copyright Ombrosoparacloucycle.

Belongs within: Gorytina.

Lestiphorus is a cosmopolitan, but primarily Holarctic, genus of finely sculpted wasps with a pedunculate abdomen, long antennae and often spotted wings (Bohart & Menke 1976).

Characters (from Bohart & Menke 1976): Moderate-sized wasps; inner eye margins essentially parallel, least interocular distance two to three times median clypeal length; mandible with an inner subtooth; labrum inconspicuous, flagellum long and slender, article I longer than scape, last four articles in male distinctively flattened or concave beneath; pronotal collar thin and rather closely appressed to scutum, female foretarsal rake well developed, fore basitarsus with three long setae betore apex; female foreleg arolium much larger than other arolia, male arolia about equal on all legs; posterolateral oblique scutal carina present; prescutellar sulcus foveate; episternal and scrobal sulci faint or absent, scrobal sulcus not continued forward to omaulus, omaulus and sternaulus present, latter somewhat discontinuous; no acetabular carina; fore wing usually spotted, media diverging before cu-a, stigma moderate, veinlet of submarginal cell II between recurrents about one-fourth posterior length of submarginal cell I; jugal lobe considerably larger than tegula, hind wing media diverging at or very near cu-a which is nearly straight; midtibia with two apical spurs; propodeal enclosure usually longitudinally striate, unusually large and occupying more than half of horizontal surface of propodeum; spiracular groove indistinct except near spiracle; gaster pedunculate, tergum I strongly curved toward apex in profile; male with seven terga normally visible, sterna without fimbriae; sternum VIII deeply emarginate apically and bispinose; female pygidial plate variable, punctate to striate, sometimes short.

Lestiphorus Lepeletier de Saint Fargeau 1832NP09 (see below for synonymy)
|--*L. bicinctus (Rossi 1794) [=Crabro bicinctus]BM76
|--L. becquarti (Yasumatsu 1943) [=Gorytes becquarti]BM76
|--L. bilunulatus Costa 1869 [incl. L. semistriatus Schmiedeknecht 1881]BM76
| |--L. b. bilunulatusBM76
| `--L. b. yamatonis Tsuneki 1963BM76
|--L. cockerelli (Rohwer 1909) [=Gorytes cockerelli; incl. Mellinogastra williamsi Mickel 1916]BM76
|--L. densipunctatus (Yasumatsu 1943) [=Gorytes densipunctatus]BM76
|--L. egregius (Handlirsch 1893) [=Gorytes egregius]BM76
|--L. greenii (Bingham 1896) [=Gorytes greenii]BM76
|--L. icariiformis (Bingham 1908) [=Gorytes icariiformis]BM76
|--L. mellinoides (Fox 1895) [=Gorytes mellinoides, *Mellinogastra mellinoides]BM76
|--L. mimicus (Arnold 1931) [=Arpactus mimicus]BM76
|--L. mitjaevi (Kazenas 1972) [=Gorytes mitjaevi]BM76
|--L. oreophilus (Kuznetsov-Ugamskij 1927) [=Gorytes oreophilus]BM76
|--L. pacificus (Gussakovskij 1932)NP09 [=Gorytes pacificusBM76]
|--L. peregrinus (Yasumatsu 1943) [=Gorytes peregrinus]BM76
|--L. persimilis (Turner 1926)BM76 [=Gorytes persimilisBM76, Argogorytes persimilisR78]
|--L. piceus (Handlirsch 1888) [=Gorytes piceus; incl. G. rufocinctus Fox 1892, *Hypomellinus rufocinctus]BM76
|--L. pictus Nemkov 1992NP09
`--L. sericatus (Smith 1856) [=Gorytes sericatus]BM76

Lestiphorus Lepeletier de Saint Fargeau 1832NP09 [=Lestophorus Agassiz 1847BM76; incl. Hypomellinus Ashmead 1899BM76, Mellinogastra Ashmead 1899BM76]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[NP09] Nemkov, P. G., & W. J. Pulawski. 2009. A cladistic analysis of Gorytina (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae: Bembicini), with a reclassification of the subtribe. Zootaxa 2069: 1–17.

[R78] Richards, O. W. 1978. The Australian social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Australian Journal of Zoology, Supplementary Series 61: 1–132.

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