Southern white admiral Limenitis reducta, copyright Charlie Jackson.

Belongs within: Nymphalidae.

The Limenitidinae are a group of butterflies with a characteristic gliding flight, united by their larval food preferences (Braby 2000).

    |--EuthaliaA73 [EuthaliiniWWN03]
    |    `--E. garudaA73
    |--Parthenos [Parthenini]WWN03
    |    `--P. sylviaWWN03
    |         |--P. s. sylviaS72
    |         `--P. s. lilacinusS72
    |--Neptis Fabricius 1807B00 [NeptidiniWWN03]
    |    |--N. acerisP01 [=Nymphalis (Neptis) acerisG20]
    |    |--N. agathaB01
    |    |--N. lucillaP01
    |    `--N. praslini (Boisduval 1832)B00
    |         |--N. p. prasliniB00
    |         `--N. p. staudingereana de Niceville 1898B00
              |--L. archippusGE05
              |--L. lorquiniS72
              |--L. populi (Linnaeus 1758)G20, L58 [=Papilio (Nymphalis) populiL58, G20]
              |    |--L. p. populiI92
              |    `--L. p. jezoensis Matsumura 1919I92
              |--L. reductaWWN03
              |--L. sibyllaF92
              `--L. weidemeyeriiS72
Limenitidinae incertae sedis:
  Pantoporia Hübner 1819B00
    |--P. consimilis (Boisduval 1832)B00
    `--P. venilia (Linnaeus 1758)B00
         |--P. v. veniliaB00
         `--P. v. moorei (Macleay 1866)B00
  Phaedyma Felder 1861B00
    `--P. shepherdi (Moore 1858) [incl. P. shepherdi latifasciata (Butler 1875)]B00
  Lexias Boisduval 1832B00
    `--L. aeropa (Linnaeus 1758)B00
         |--L. a. aeropaB00
         `--L. a. eutychius (Fruhstorfer 1913)B00

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A73] Ambedkar, V. C. 1973. The baya [Ploceus philippinus (Linn.)] feeding nestlings with butterflies. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (3): 653–654.

[B00] Braby, M. F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 2. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[B01] Butler, A. G. 1901. An account of a collection of butterflies made by the Rev. K. St. Aubyn Rogers between Mombasa and the forests of Taveta. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 22–35.

[F92] Fan Z. 1992. Key to the Common Flies of China 2nd ed. Science Press: Beijing.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis revised 10th ed. vol. 1. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[P01] Pável, J. 1901. Lepkék [Lepidopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 171–177. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[S72] Shields, O. 1972. Flower visitation records for butterflies (Lepidoptera). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 48 (3): 189–203.

[WWN03] Wahlberg, N., E. Weingartner & S. Nylin. 2003. Towards a better understanding of the higher systematics of Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 28: 473–484.

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