Limidae

Spiny file shell Lima lima, copyright Hectonichus.

Belongs within: Pectinida.

The Limidae, file shells, are a group of bivalves with an ovate to subtrigonal shell that commonly live attached in fissures by byssal threads, though some species are able swimmers by flapping the valves.

<==Limidae
|--Ctenostreon pectiniformisJB12, F71
|--Gemellima Iredale 1929D56
|--Isolima Iredale 1929D56
|--Ctenoides Morch 1853D56
| |--C. ales (Finlay 1927WBS-S15
| `--C. annulata (Lamarck 1819)MG-H11
|--Stabilima Iredale 1939D56
| `--*S. tadena Iredale 1939D56, S-S90
|--Notolimea Iredale 1924F27a
| `--*N. australis [=Lima australis]F27a
|--Plicacesta Vokes 1963DK08
| `--*P. smithi (Sowerby 1888)DK08
|--Divarilima Powell 1958P61
| `--*D. sydneyensis (Hedley 1904)P61 [=Lima sydneyensisP61; incl. L. brunnea Hedley 1901 non Cooke 1886D56]
|--Escalima Iredale 1929P61
| |--*E. murrayi (Smith 1891)P61, F27a [=Lima murrayiP61, Mantellum murrayiF27a]
| |--E. acclinis (Hedley 1905)D56, F27a [=Limea acclinisD56, L. acclinus (l. c.)F27a]
| `--E. regularis Powell 1955P61
|--Palaeolima Hind 1903DX84
| |--P. furcoplicata (Grabau 1931) [=Pseudomonotis furcoplicatus]DX84
| |--P. scabrosaG31
| `--P. simplex (Phillips 1836)SB93
|--Plagiostoma Sowerby 1814RC78
| |--P. beyrichiiTE01
| |--P. giganteum Sowerby 1814RC78
| `--P. striata (Schlotheim 1820)KL04
|--LimariaBRW98 [incl. Promantellum Iredale 1939BRW98, D56, SubmantellumBRW98]
| |--L. basilanica (Adams & Reeve 1850)WBS-S15
| |--L. fragilis (Gmelin 1791)MG-H11
| |--L. hiansGW02
| |--‘Promantellum’ marwickiD56
| `--L. orientalis (Adams & Reeve 1850)WBS-S15
|--Mantellum Adams & Adams 1858F27a
| |--*M. inflatum [=Ostrea inflata]F27a
| |--M. basilanicum Ad. & Reeve 1850 [=Lima basilanica; incl. L. angulata Sowerby 1843 non Munster 1841]F27a
| |--M. hians [=Ostrea hians]F27a
| |--M. inconspicuum Marwick 1926F27a
| |--M. marwicki (Powell 1926) [=Lima marwicki]F27a
| `--M. polynema (Tate 1886) [=Lima polynema]F27a
|--AcestaB65
| | i. s.: A. angolensis [=Lima (Acesta) angolensis]B65
| | A. goliath [=Lima (Acesta) goliath]B65
| | A. patagonica [=Lima (Acesta) patagonica]B65
| |--A. excavata (Fabricius 1779)PC11, C94 [=Lima (Acesta) excavataB65, Ostrea excavataN79]
| `--+--A. bullisiPC11
| `--A. oophagaPC11
|--Limea Bronn 1831F27a
| | i. s.: L. austrina Tate 1887WBS-S15
| | L. murrayiD56
| | L. torresiana (Smith 1885) [=Limatula torresiana]H09
| | L. transenna Tate 1886F27b
| |--*L. (Limea) strigiliata (Brocchi 1814) [=Ostrea strigiliata]S98
| `--L. (Pseudolimea Arkell in Douglas & Arkell 1932)S98
| |--L. (*P.) duplicata (Sowerby 1827) [=Plagiostoma duplicata]S98
| |--L. (P.) flabellulina (Darragh & Kendrick 1991) [=Pseudolimea flabellulina]S98
| `--L. (P.) woodsi (Suter 1921) (see below for synonymy)S98
|--Limatula Searles Wood 1839P61
| |--*L. subauriculata [=Pecten subauriculata]D56
| |--L. aupouria Powell 1937P61
| |--L. demiradiata Allen 2004F05
| |--L. japonicaWBS-S15
| | |--L. j. japonicaWBS-S15
| | `--L. j. colmani Fleming 1978WBS-S15
| |--L. jeffreysianaF27a
| |--L. maoria Finlay 1927P61
| |--L. pygmaea (Philippi 1845)P61
| |--L. strangei (Sowerby 1872)F27a, S-S90 [=Lima strangeiF27a, Stabilima strangeiD56; incl. Lima jacksonensisF27a]
| |--L. suteri (Dall 1908)P61 [=Lima (Limatula) suteriD56]
| |--L. tadena (Iredale 1939)WBS-S15
| |--L. thalassae Allen 2004F05
| `--L. trulla Marwick 1926F27a
`--Lima Bruguière 1797RC78 [incl. Austrolima Iredale 1929BRW98, D56]
|--*L. lima (Linnaeus 1758)P61, F27a (see below for synonymy)
|--L. alata Roemer 1836F27b
|--L. ‘alata’ Lycett 1850 non Roemer 1836F27b
|--L. ales Finlay 1927 [=L. alata Hedley 1898 nec Roemer 1836 nec Lycett 1850]F27b
|--L. arcuata Sowerby 1843H09
|--L. bassiiH86b
|--L. bullata (Born 1780)F27a [=Ostrea bullataH09, Limatula bullataF27a]
|--L. colorataD56
|--L. crassa [incl. Limea sarsii Lovén 1846, Lima sarsii]N79
|--L. cumingii Sowerby 1843S43
|--L. dieneriG31
|--L. ellipticaPP64
|--L. fasciata (Linnaeus 1758) [=Ostrea fasciata]H09
|--L. hemphilliB56
|--L. hians (Gmelin 1791)R78
|--L. huttoni Suter 1914 [=L. multiradiata Hutton 1873 non Gabb 1868]F27b
|--L. inflata Lamarck 1819H09
|--L. krotowiG31
|--L. laevigata McCoy 1844F27b
|--L. levitesta Finlay 1927 [=L. laevigata Hutton 1873 non McCoy 1844]F27b
|--L. linguatula Lamarck 1819H09
|--L. loscombei [=Radula loscombei]PP64
|--L. marlburiensis Woods 1917F27a
|--L. mestayerae Marwick 1924P61
|--L. multiradiata Gabb 1868F27b
|--L. nimbifer Iredale 1924MG-H11 [=Austrolima nimbiferaM54]
|--L. orientalis [incl. L. dehiscens]C64
|--L. pacificaPC11
| |--L. p. pacificaPC11
| `--L. p. galapagensisPC11
|--L. palaeataH86a
|--L. paucisulcataH86a
|--L. pellucidaWE63
|--L. permianaG31
|--L. retiferaG31
|--L. scabra [incl. L. aspera, L. fragilis, L. glacialis]G79
|--L. striatoplicataG31
|--L. subauriculataN79
|--L. subovataU79
|--L. teneraH09
|--L. vulgaris (Link 1807)MG-H11
|--L. wacoensis Roemer 1852W77
|--L. watersi Marwick 1926F27a
`--L. zealandica Sowerby 1876P61

Nomen nudum: Limea neozelanicaA27

*Lima lima (Linnaeus 1758)P61, F27a [=Ostrea limaP61; incl. L. persquamifer Iredale 1939S-S90, L. squamosaF27a, Pecten (Lima) squamosusG20, L. tetricaC64]

Limea (Pseudolimea) woodsi (Suter 1921) [=Lima (Limatula) woodsi, Lima (Limatula) huttoni Woods 1917 non L. huttoni Suter 1914]S98

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A27] Allan, R. S. 1927. The geology and palaeontology of the Lower Waihao Basin, south Canterbury, New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 265–309.

[BRW98] Beesley, P. L., G. J. B. Ross & A. Wells (eds) 1998. Fauna of Australia vol. 5. Mollusca: The Southern Synthesis. Part A. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra.

[B56] Berry, S. S. 1956. Mollusca dredged by the Orca off the Santa Barbara Islands, California, in 1951. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 46 (5): 150–157.

[B65] Boss, K. J. 1965. Note on Lima (Acesta) angolensis. Nautilus 79 (2): 54–58.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

[C94] Cedhagen, T. 1994. Taxonomy and biology of Hyrrokkin sarcophaga gen. et sp. n., a parasitic foraminiferan (Rosalinidae). Sarsia 79: 65–82.

[DK08] Darragh, T. A., & G. W. Kendrick. 2008. Silicified Eocene molluscs from the Lower Murchison district, Southern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (3): 217–246.

[D56] Dell, R. K. 1956. The archibenthal Mollusca of New Zealand. Dominion Museum Bulletin 18: 1–235.

[DX84] Ding Y., Xia G., Duan C., Li W., Liu X. & Liang Z. 1984. Study on the early Permian stratigraphy and fauna in Zhesi district, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu (Inner Mongolia). Bulletin Tianjin Institure Geol. Min. Res. 10.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[GW02] Giribet, G., & W. Wheeler. 2002. On bivalve phylogeny: a high-level analysis of the Bivalvia (Mollusca) based on combined morphology and DNA sequence data. Invertebrate Biology 121 (4): 271–324.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[G31] Grabau, A. W. 1931. The Permian of Mongolia: A report on the Permian fauna of the Jisu Honguer limestone of Mongolia and its relations to the Permian of other parts of the world. American Museum of Natural History: New York.

[G79] Guppy, R. J. L. 1879. First sketch of a marine invertebrate fauna of the Gulf of Paria and its neighbourhood. Part I.—Mollusca. Journal of Conchology 2: 151–172.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[H86a] Hutton, F. W. 1886a. The Mollusca of the Pareora and Oamaru systems of New Zealand. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 205–237.

[H86b] Hutton, F. W. 1886b. Notes on some Australian Tertiary fossils. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (2): 481–482.

[JB12] Johnson, M. E., & B. G. Baarli. 2012. Development of intertidal biotas through Phanerozoic time. In: Talent, J. A. (ed.) Earth and Life: Global biodiversity, extinction intervals and biogeographic perturbations through time pp. 63–128. Springer.

[KL04] Klug, C. & A. Lehmkuhl. 2004. Soft-tissue attachment structures and taphonomy of the Middle Triassic nautiloid Germanonautilus. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 49 (2): 243–258.

[M54] Macpherson, J. H. 1954. Molluscs (sea shells and snails). In: Willis, J. M. (ed.) The Archipelago of the Recherche pp. 55–63. Australian Geographical Society: Melbourne.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[N79] Norman, A. M. 1879. The Mollusca of the fiords near Bergen, Norway. Journal of Conchology 2: 8–77.

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[PC11] Plazzi, F., A. Ceregato, M. Taviani & M. Passamonti. 2011. A molecular phylogeny of bivalve mollusks: ancient radiations and divergences as revealed by mitochondrial genes. PLoS One 6 (11): e27147.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[R78] Reid, R. G. B. 1978. The systematic, adaptive and physiological significance of proteolytic enzyme distribution in bivalves. Veliger 20 (3): 260–265.

[RC78] Roth, B., & E. V. Coan. 1978. Nomenclatural notes on Hinnites giganteus (Gray). Veliger 20 (3): 297–298.

[SB93] Skelton, P. W., & M. J. Benton. 1993. Mollusca: Rostroconchia, Scaphopoda and Bivalvia. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 237–263. Chapman & Hall: London.

[S-S90] Slack-Smith, S. M. 1990. The bivalves of Shark Bay, Western Australia. In: Berry, P. F., S. D. Bradshaw & B. R. Wilson (eds) Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee pp. 129–157. Western Australian Museum.

[S43] Sowerby, G. B., Jr. 1843. Descriptions of new species of Lima. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 11: 23.

[S98] Stilwell, J. D. 1998. Late Cretaceous Mollusca from the Chatham Islands, New Zealand. Alcheringa 22 (1): 29–85.

[TE01] Tong, J., & D. H. Erwin. 2001. Triassic gastropods of the southern Qinling Mountains, China. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 92: 1–47.

[U79] d’Urban, W. S. M. 1879. The Mollusca of Barents Sea, between Spitzbergen and Novaya Zemblia. Journal of Conchology 2: 88–94.

[WE63] Warmke, G. L., & D. S. Erdman. 1963. Records of marine mollusks eaten by bonefish in Puerto Rican waters. Nautilus 76 (4): 115–120.

[W77] White, C. A. 1877. Report upon the invertebrate fossils collected in portions of Nevada, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona, by parties of the expeditions of 1871, 1872, 1873, and 1874. U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian 4 (1): 1–219, pls 1–21.

[WBS-S15] Willan, R. C., C. Bryce & S. M. Slack-Smith. 2015. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: molluscs. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 84: 287–343.

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