Limnesia

Limnesia sp., copyright Tom Murray.

Belongs within: Limnesiidae.

Limnesia is a cosmopolitan genus of mites found in streams, ponds and lakes, whose larvae (where known) are parasitic on Chironomidae (Walter et al. 2009). Adults bear swimming setae on all legs.

<==Limnesia Koch 1836RFF05
    |--L. (Limnesia)RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) amazonica Lundblad 1930RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) amplipora Viets 1954RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) andica Lundblad 1924RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) angelieri Viets 1954RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) angulata Lundblad 1937RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) aymara Rosso de Ferradás, Fernández & Rocabado 2004RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) besselingi Viets 1954RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) brauni Viets 1954RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) braytola Cook 1980RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) chilensis Cook 1988RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) circumcincta Viets 1936RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) crassiseta Lundblad 1937RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) dentipalpis Lundblad 1941RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) dorsalis Lundblad 1936RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) dubiosa Daday 1905RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) exigua Walter 1919RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) falsificata Lundblad 1936RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) flosculipora Viets 1954RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) fuhrmanni Walter 1912RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) gessneri Viets 1956RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) granuligera Viets 1954RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) hesperia Lundblad 1930RFF05
    |    |    |--L. h. hesperiaRFF05
    |    |    `--L. h. porulosa Viets 1954RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) hexagona Lundblad 1938RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) laeta Stoll 1887RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) latigenitalis Lundblad 1937RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) longipora Lundblad 1953RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) longirostris Lundblad 1941RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) longivalvata Viets 1953RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) minuscula Ribaga 1902RFF05
    |    |    |--L. m. minusculaRFF05
    |    |    |--L. m. distorta Viets 1954RFF05
    |    |    `--L. m. valida Lundblad 1941RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) minutidentata Viets 1954RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) onophora Lundblad 1944RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) parva Daday 1905RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) patagonica Lundblad 1941RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) paucipora Lundblad 1937RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) pauciseta Ribaga 1902RFF05
    |    |    |--L. p. paucisetaRFF05
    |    |    `--L. p. remotipora Viets 1953RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) praedentata Viets 1954RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) reducta Lundblad 1930RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) ribagai Lundblad 1937RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) semireticulata Viets 1954RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) serratipes Viets 1954RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) slanopa Cook 1980RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) sutava Cook 1980RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) tenuicoxalis Viets 1954RFF05
    |    `--L. (L.) tucumanensis Cook 1980RFF05
    |--L. (Allolimnesia Viets 1936)RFF05
    |    |--L. (A.) angustipalpis Lundblad 1938RFF05
    |    |--L. (A.) bidentata Viets 1954RFF05
    |    |--L. (A.) perpusilla Viets 1956RFF05
    |    `--L. (A.) polypora Viets 1936RFF05
    |--L. (Duralimnesia) testacea Hopkins 1969SL71
    |--L. (Limnesiella Daday 1905)RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) duricoria Lundblad 1937RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) loretoensis Rosso de Ferradás & Smit 1998RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) malacoderma Lundblad 1937RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) marshallaeDPD16
    |    |--L. (L.) plaumanni Lundblad 1936RFF05
    |    `--L. (L.) pusilla (Daday 1905)RFF05
    |--L. (Limnesiellula Viets 1935)RFF05
    |    |--L. (L.) brasiliana (Viets 1935)RFF05
    |    `--L. (L.) schwoerbeli Rosso de Ferradás & Smit 1998RFF05
    |--L. (Limnesiopsides Viets 1938)RFF05
    |    `--L. (L.) pectungulata Viets 1938RFF05
    |-L. (Paralimnesia Lundblad 1938)RFF05
    |    `--L. (P.) microdon Lundblad 1938RFF05
    |--L. (Pilolimnesia Viets 1938)RFF05
    |    |--L. (P.) amazonicola Viets 1956RFF05
    |    `--L. (P.) rostrata (Viets 1938)RFF05
    |--L. (Seppiella Besch 1969)RFF05
    |    |--L. (S.) magnipora Besch 1969RFF05
    |    `--L. (S.) surinamensis Besseling 1949RFF05
    `--L. (Tetralimnesia Thor 1922)RFF05
         |--L. (T.) acanthoscelus Lundblad 1936RFF05
         `--L. (T.) sinuosa Viets 1954RFF05
Limnesia incertae sedis:
  L. arevaloiGS96
    |--L. a. arevaloiGS96
    `--L. a. ambulatoriaGS96
  L. australica Lundblad 1941H98
  L. babinda Cook 1986H98
  L. birgelda Cook 1983S86
  L. brinvosa Cook 1986H98
  L. corpulenta Viets 1984H98
  L. crowelli Cook 1983S86
  L. dentifera Viets 1980H98
  L. ekama Cook 1986H98
  L. fulgida Koch 1836W91
  L. halcarda Cook 1983S86
  L. harveyi Cook 1986H98
  L. histrionicaD01
  L. hopa Cook 1986H98
  L. inga Viets 1975H98
  L. jamurensisWP99
  L. jolova Cook 1986H98
  L. koenikei Piersig 1894GS91
  L. lembangensis Piersig 1906H98
  L. longigenitalis Lundblad 1941H98
  L. maceripalpis Viets 1975H98
  L. maculata (Müller 1776)PH91
  L. marshallianaWL09
  L. omneela Cook 1986H98
  L. otruma Cook 1986H98
  L. parasolida Viets 1984H98
  L. passama Cook 1986H98
  L. polonicaBK91
  L. reela Cook 1986H98
  L. reptans Hopkins 1966SL71
  L. solida Lundblad 1947H98
  L. surroma Cook 1986H98
  L. swanensis Cook 1986H98
  L. szalayi Viets 1955H98
  L. timmsi Viets 1980H98
  L. ugava Cook 1986H98
  L. undulataBK91
  L. unreela Cook 1986H98

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BK91] Biesiadka, E., & W. Kowalik. 1991. Water mites (Hydracarina) as indicators of trophy and pollution in lakes. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 475–481. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[DPD16] Dabert, M., H. Proctor & J. Dabert. 2016. Higher-level molecular phylogeny of the water mites (Acariformes: Prostigmata: Parasitengonina: Hydrachnidiae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 101: 75–90.

[D01] Daday, E. 1901. Édesvizi mikroszkópi állatok [Mikroskopische Süsswasserthiere]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 375–470. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[GS96] Gerecke, R., & A. Di Sabatino. 1996. Historical zoogeography and evolution of habitat preference in water mites (Hydracarina) of the central Mediterranean region. In: Mitchell, R., D. J. Horn, G. R. Needham & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 1. Proceedings pp. 523–527. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[GS91] Gerecke, R., & J. Schwoerbel. 1991. Water quality and water mites (Acari, Actinedida) in the Upper Danube region, 1959–1984. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 483–491. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[PH91] Punčochár, P., & J. Hrbáček. 1991. Water mites in the plankton of Hubenov Reservoir and their relations to fish stock composition. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 1 pp. 449–457. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[RFF05] Rosso de Ferradás, B., & H. R. Fernández. 2005. Elenco y biogeografía de los ácaros acuáticos (Acari, Parasitengona, Hydrachnidia) de Sudamérica. Graellsia 61 (2): 181–224.

[S86] Schwoerbel, J. 1986. Acari: “Hydrachnellae”. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 652–696. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[SL71] Spain, A. V., & M. Luxton. 1971. Catalog and bibliography of the Acari of the New Zealand subregion. Pacific Insects Monograph 25: 179–226.

[WL09] Walter, D. E., E. E. Lindquist, I. M. Smith, D. R. Cook & G. W. Krantz. 2009. Order Trombidiformes. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 233–420. Texas Tech University Press.

[WP99] Walter, D. E., & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[W91] Wohltmann, A. 1991. Nutrition and respiratory rate of water mites (Actinedida: Hydrachnidia) from a phylogenetic point of view. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 543–548. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

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