Limnodynastidae

Spawning striped marsh frogs Limnodynastes peronii, copyright Froggydarb.

Belongs within: Neobatrachia.

The Limnodynastinae are a group of small to medium-sized toad-like terrestrial frogs found in Australia and New Guinea. They have an inguinal amplexus and many are foam-nesters (Frost et al. 2006).

<==Limnodynastidae [Limnodynastinae, Limnodynastini]C18
    |  i. s.: Opisthodon Steindachner 1867FG06
    |           `--O. spenceri (Parker 1940) [=Limnodynastes spenceri]FG06
    |--+--Notaden Günther 1873PW11, FG06
    |  |    |--N. bennettii Günther 1873C18
    |  |    |--N. melanoscaphus Hosmer 1962C18
    |  |    |--N. nichollsi Parker 1940C18
    |  |    `--N. weigeli Shea & Johnston 1987C18
    |  `--Neobatrachus Peters 1863PW11, FG06 [incl. Neoruinosus Wells & Wellington 1985R10]
    |       |  i. s.: N. albipes Roberts, Mahony et al. 1991R10
    |       |         N. aquilonius Tyler, Davies & Martin 1981R10
    |       |         N. fulvus Mahony & Roberts 1986R10
    |       |         N. kunapalari Mahony & Roberts 1986R10
    |       |         N. sutor Main 1957R10
    |       |         N. wilsmorei (Parker 1940)R10
    |       |--N. pelobatoides (Werner 1914)PW11, R10
    |       `--+--N. pictus Peters 1863PW11, R10
    |          `--N. sudelli (Lamb 1911)PW11, R10 [=*Neoruinosus sudelliR10; incl. N. centralis (Parker 1940)R10]
    `--+--Platyplectrum Günther 1863PW11, DAP09
       |    |--P. spenceri (Parker 1940)PW11, C18
       |    `--+--P. ornatum (Gray 1842)PW11, C18 (see below for synonymy)
       |       `--Lechriodus Boulenger 1882PW11, FG06
       |            |--L. casca Tyler & Godthelp 1993BA12
       |            |--L. fletcheri (Boulenger 1890)C18
       |            `--L. melanopygaFG06
       `--+--Heleioporus Gray 1841PW11, FG06
          |    |--H. albopunctatus Gray 1841C18
          |    |--H. australiacus (Shaw & Nodder 1795)C18
          |    |--H. barycragus Lee 1967C18
          |    |--H. eyrei (Gray 1845)C18
          |    |--H. inornatus (Lee & Main 1954)C18
          |    `--H. psammophilus (Lee & Main 1954)C18
          `--+--Adelotus Ogilby 1907PW11, FG06
             |    `--A. brevis (Günther 1863)C18
             `--+--Philoria Spencer 1901PW11, FG06 [incl. Kyarranus Moore 1958FG06]
                |    |--P. frosti Spencer 1901C18
                |    |--P. kundagungan (Ingram & Corben 1975)C18
                |    |--P. loveridgei Parker 1940C18
                |    |--P. pughi Knowles, Mahony et al. 2004C18
                |    |--P. richmondensis Knowles, Mahony et al. 2004C18
                |    `--P. sphagnicola (Moore 1958)C18
                `--Limnodynastes Fitzinger 1843PW11, FG06 [incl. Megistolotis Tyler, Martin & Davis 1979FG06]
                     |  i. s.: L. archeri Tyler 1982M93
                     |--+--L. salmini Steindachner 1867PW11, C18
                     |  `--+--L. convexiusculus (Macleay 1877)PW11, C18
                     |     `--L. lignarius (Tyler, Martin & Davies 1979)PW11, C18
                     `--+--+--+--L. depressus Tyler 1976PW11, C18
                        |  |  `--L. fletcheri Boulenger 1888PW11, C18
                        |  `--+--L. peronii (Duméril & Bibron 1841)PW11, C18
                        |     `--L. tasmaniensis Günther 1858PW11, C18
                        `--+--L. dorsalis (Gray 1841)PW11, F13 [=Cystignathus dorsalisF13, Wagleria dorsalisF13]
                           |--L. terraereginae Fry 1915PW11, C18
                           `--+--L. dumerilii Peters 1863PW11, F13 (see below for synonymy)
                              `--L. interioris Fry 1913PW11, F13 [=L. dorsalis var. interiorisF13]

Limnodynastes dumerilii Peters 1863PW11, F13 [=L. (Platyplectron) dumeriliiF13, L. dorsalis var. dumeriliiF13; incl. L. bibronii Krefft 1867 (n. n.)F13, Heliorana grayi Steindachner 1867F13, Platyplectrum superciliare Keferstein 1867F13, H. superciliarisF13]

Platyplectrum ornatum (Gray 1842)PW11, C18 [=Discoglossus ornatusFG06, Limnodynastes ornatusF89, Opisthodon ornatusFG06; incl. *Opisthodon frauenfeldi Steindachner 1867FG06]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BA12] Black, K. H., M. Archer, S. J. Hand & H. Godthelp. 2012. The rise of Australian marsupials: a synopsis of biostratigraphic, phylogenetic, palaeoecologic and palaeobiogeographic understanding. In: Talent, J. A. (ed.) Earth and Life: Global biodiversity, extinction intervals and biogeographic perturbations through time pp. 983–1078. Springer.

[C18] Cogger, H. G. 2018. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia updated 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[DAP09] Doughty, P., M. Anstis & L. C. Price. 2009. A new species of Crinia (Anura: Myobatrachidae) from the high rainfall zone of the northwest Kimberley, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (2): 127–144.

[FG06] Frost, D. R., T. Grant, J. Faivovich, R. H. Bain, A. Haas, C. F. B. Haddad, R. O. de Sá, A. Channing, M. Wilkinson, S. C. Donnellan, C. J. Raxworthy, J. A. Campbell, B. L. Blotto, P. Moler, R. C. Drewes, R. A. Nussbaum, J. D. Lynch, D. M. Green & W. C. Wheeler. 2006. The amphibian tree of life. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 1–370.

[F13] Fry, D. B. 1913. On a Varanus and a frog from Burnett River, Queensland, and a revision of the variations in Limnodynastes dorsalis, Gray. Records of the Australian Museum 10 (2): 17–34, pls 1–3.

[M93] Milner, A. R. 1993. Amphibian-grade Tetrapoda. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 665–679. Chapman & Hall: London.

[PW11] Pyron, R. A., & J. J. Wiens. 2011. A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2800 species, and a revised classification of extant frogs, salamanders, and caecilians. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 543–583.

[R10] Roberts, J. D. 2010. Taxonomic status of the Australian burrowing frogs Neobatrachus sudelli, N. centralis and Neoruinosus and clarification of the type specimen of N. albipes. Records of the Western Australian Museum 25 (4): 455–458.

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