Cucullaea barbara, from Beu & Raine (2009).

Belongs within: Pteriomorphia.
Contains: Glycymeris, Tucetona, Limopsis, Hochstetteria, Lissarca.

The Limopsoidea are a group of bivalves that first appeared in the Lower Permian. Members of the family Glycymerididae are commonly known as ‘dog cockles’ in reference to their resemblance to the distantly related true cockles (Cardiidae). The shell is more or less equilateral in Glycymerididae but strongly inequilateral in Philobryidae; the Limopsidae include both equilateral and inequilateral species. Limopsidae have a short, unstriated ligament that is mainly restricted to the central triangular resilifer.

<==Limopsoidea [Limopsacea]
    |    |  i. s.: ‘Limopsis’ minima (Sowerby 1825)SB93
    |    |--GlycymerisP61
    |    |--Melaxinaea vitreaBRW98
    |    `--TucetonaDK08
    |    |--LimopsisDK08
    |    |--EmpleconiaBRW98
    |    |--Aupouria Powell 1937P61
    |    |    `--*A. parvula Powell 1937P61
    |    |--Pectunculina d’Orbigny 1843P61
    |    |    |--*P. scalarisP61
    |    |    |--P. aoteanaB70
    |    |    |--P. lata Smith 1885P61
    |    |    `--P. tasmani Dell 1956P61
    |    `--Austrosarepta Hedley 1899P61
    |         |--*A. picta Hedley 1899 [=Lissarca picta]H08
    |         |--A. benthicola Dell 1956P61
    |         |--A. harrisonae (Powell 1927)P61
    |         |--A. pileopsis (Powell 1927)P61
    |         `--A. trapezina (Bernard 1897)P61
    |--Cucullaea Lamarck 1801F27b, DK10 [CucullaeidaeDK10]
    |    |  i. s.: C. adelaidensis Tate 1886DK10
    |    |         C. altaH86
    |    |         C. attenuataH86
    |    |         C. concamera Bruguiere 1789H09
    |    |         C. corioensisQ72
    |    |         C. labiata (Lightfoot 1786)ES88 [incl. C. vagaBRW98]
    |    |         C. keepingi Finlay 1927 (see below for synonymy)F27b
    |    |         C. minuta Sowerby 1824F27b
    |    |         C. ‘obesa’ (Pictet & Roux 1852) [=Arca obesa non Sowerby 1833]F27b
    |    |         C. ponderosaH86
    |    |         C. singularisH86
    |    |         C. waihaoensis Allan 1926F27a
    |    |         C. worthingtoni Hutton 1873 [incl. C. attenuata Hutton 1873]F27a
    |    |--*C. (Cucullaea) auriculifera Lamarck 1801S98
    |    |--C. (Cucullastis Finlay & Marwick 1937)S98
    |    |    |--C. (*C.) barbara Finly & Marwick 1938S98
    |    |    `--C. (C.) zealandica Woods 1917 [=C. (C.) zelandica]S98
    |    `--C. (Idonearca Conrad 1862)SB93, W77
    |         |--‘Idonearca’ depressa White 1877W77
    |         |--C. (I.) mabuchii Hayami 1958SB93
    |         `--‘Idonearca’ shumardiW77
         |--Micromytilus crenuliferusSC04
         |--Notomytilus Hedley 1916F27a
         |--Adacnarca nitensBRW98
         |--Eophilobryoidella Stiller & Chen 2004SC04
         |    `--*E. sinoanisica Stiller & Chen 2004SC04
         |    |--P. hamiltoni Hedley 1916F27a
         |    `--P. modiolusF27a
         |--Cratis Hedley 1915P61
         |    |--*C. progressaP61
         |    |--C. delicatula Powell 1937P61
         |    `--C. retiaria Powell 1937P61
         |    |--P. crenatuliferaBRW98
         |    |--P. modiolusHS01
         |    |--P. munitaM96
         |    |--P. recapitula Hedley 1906H09
         |    |--P. scabra Hedley 1906H09
         |    |--P. setosaC96
         |    `--P. sublaevisBRW98
         `--Cosa Finlay 1927P61
              |--*C. costata (Bernard 1896) [=Hochstetteria costata]P61
              |--C. caribaea Abbott 1958B59
              |--C. filholi (Bernard 1897)P61
              |--C. laevicostata Powell 1933P61
              |--C. parallelogramma [=Hochstetteria parallelogramma]F27a
              `--C. serratocostata Powell 1933P61
                   |--C. s. serratocostataP61
                   `--C. s. dispar Powell 1937P61

Cucullaea keepingi Finlay 1927 [=Pectunculus obliquus Keeping 1883 nec Defrance 1826 nec Lea 1833 nec Munster 1835 nec Reeve 1843, C. (Dicranodonta) obliqua]F27b

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B59] Baker, B. B. 1959. Publications received: The marine mollusks of Grand Cayman Island, British West Indies. By R. Tucker Abbott. Nautilus 72 (4): 147–148.

[BRW98] Beesley, P. L., G. J. B. Ross & A. Wells (eds) 1998. Fauna of Australia vol. 5. Mollusca: The Southern Synthesis. Part A. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra.

[B70] Beu, A. G. 1970. Bathyal Upper Miocene Mollusca from Wairarapa district, New Zealand. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Earth Sciences 7 (12): 209–240.

[C96] Crame, J. A. 1996. Evolution of high-latitude molluscan faunas. In: Taylor, J. D. (ed.) Origin and Evolutionary Radiation of the Mollusca pp. 119–131. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[DK08] Darragh, T. A., & G. W. Kendrick. 2008. Silicified Eocene molluscs from the Lower Murchison district, Southern Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (3): 217–246.

[DK10] Darragh, T. A., & G. W. Kendrick. 2010. Eocene molluscs from the Merlinleigh Sandstone, Carnarvon Basin, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 26 (1): 23–41.

[ES88] Emerson, W. K., & W. E. Sage III. 1988. A new species of Vasum (Gastropoda: Turbinellidae) from off Somalia. Nautilus 102 (1): 36–39.

[F27a] Finlay, H. J. 1927a. A further commentary on New Zealand molluscan systematics. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 320–485.

[F27b] Finlay, H. J. 1927b. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[HS01] Hayward, B. W., A. B. Stephenson, M. S. Morley, W. M. Blom, H. R. Grenfell, F. J. Brook, J. L. Riley, F. Thompson & J. J. Hayward. 2001. Marine biota of Parengarenga Harbour, Northland, New Zealand. Records of the Auckland Museum 37: 45–80.

[H08] Hedley, C. 1908. Studies on Australian Mollusca. Part X. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 456–489, pls 7–10.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[H86] Hutton, F. W. 1886. The Mollusca of the Pareora and Oamaru systems of New Zealand. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 205–237.

[KS02] Kanjilal, S., & M. S. Srinivasan. 2002. New bivalves from the Miocene of Little Andaman Island, Bay of Bengal. Journal of the Geological Society of India 60: 527–536.

[M96] Morton, B. 1996. The evolutionary history of the Bivalvia. In: Taylor, J. D. (ed.) Origin and Evolutionary Radiation of the Mollusca pp. 337–359. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[Q72] Quilty, P. G. 1972. The biostratigraphy of the Tasmanian marine Tertiary. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 106: 25–44.

[SB93] Skelton, P. W., & M. J. Benton. 1993. Mollusca: Rostroconchia, Scaphopoda and Bivalvia. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 237–263. Chapman & Hall: London.

[SC04] Stiller, F., & Chen J. 2004. Eophilobryoidella sinoanisica new genus and species, an early philobryid bivalve from the Upper Anisian (Middle Triassic) of Qingyan, southwestern China. Journal of Paleontology 78 (2): 418–419.

[S98] Stilwell, J. D. 1998. Late Cretaceous Mollusca from the Chatham Islands, New Zealand. Alcheringa 22 (1): 29–85.

[W77] White, C. A. 1877. Report upon the invertebrate fossils collected in portions of Nevada, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona, by parties of the expeditions of 1871, 1872, 1873, and 1874. U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian 4 (1): 1–219, pls 1–21.

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