Liris

Liris sp., copyright Judy Gallagher.

Belongs within: Larrini.

Liris is a diverse, cosmopolitan genus of mostly black, ground-nesting wasps that usually take crickets of the family Gryllidae as prey (Bohart & Menke 1976).

Characters (from Bohart & Menke 1976): Upper inner angle of eye not bordered by deep sulcus; midocellar lens usually convex, hindocellar scars very small; frons and vertex dull to moderately shining (rarely highly polished), sometimes densely micropunctate (especially in subgenus Motes); frontal line a deep impression which is interrupted at transverse swelling; scape usually long, slender (shorter, more robust in Motes), scape and pedicel surfaces similar to that of flagellum, flagellomeres usually longer than broad and with placoids in male; clypeus often with a median longitudinal ridge, free margin usually with a rounded or truncate median lobe (triangular in some males) which often has a median notch, free margin of lobe often with a polished, asetose bevel, clypeal margin usually concave laterally; labrum transverse or quadrangular, hidden or iccasionally projecting slightly beyond clypeus, free margin usually with a median notch; inner margin of mandible usually with one or two subbasal teeth, or rarely mandible apex with subapical tooth; externoventral margin at most with a weak subbasal V-shaped notch or with a large semicircular notch or strong angulation; dorsum of collar in both sexes usually below level of scutum, and usually thin (sharp-edged), wedge-shaped and usually fitting closely with scutum; notauli usually present; propodeum rather long, rectangular or somewhat rounded posteriorly, propodeal surface dull to strongly shining, dorsum and posterior face variably sculptured, sides usually smooth or diagonally ridged, rarely with very fine pinprick punctures; terga usually dull and often with transverse apical fasciae, tergum I with lateral carina, II sometimes with a weak carina basally; female sternum II usually with a paw of flattened, oval areas basally, which are separated by a basomedian longitudinal ridge or bulge; male sterna sometimes with special erect or decumbent vestiture arranged in apical rows or tufts, sternum II sometimes strongly bulging basally, hindmargin of sternum II sometunes with a median process, sternum VII sometimes modified, sterna III–VII sometimes depressed; female with a pygidial plate which is defined by carinae, surface glabrous, pruinose, or partially to fully covered with appressed setae, a few scattered erect hairs sometimes intermixed in latter case, surface dull or shining, punctate or impunctate, apex usually with a transverse row of stout setae, sometimes emarginate; male sometimes with a pygidial plate, surface covered with fine decumbent setae and apex broadly emarginate; femora and tibiae usually slender in both sexes, closing face of male hindfemur sometimes flattened or excavate, foretibia in both sexes without spine rows on outer face except in a few exceptional species in which foretarsal rake is strongly developed, midtibia with two or three and hindtibia with two spine rows, but each often composed of two or three slender wide-spaced spines, hindtibia usually at least angulate in cross stxtion or with a longitudinal carina, the edge of which is polished; foretarsus with or without a rake; last female tarsomere of mid and hind legs usually angled in profile, sides parallel on apical half in dorsal view and venter with dense hairmat, last male tarsomere normal, female claws usually long and prehensile, inner margin of claw usually simple; recurrent veins of forewing sometimes joining before reaching submarginal cell; apex of male sternum VIII rounded or truncate, often emarginate: volsella long and slender, sometimes exceeding length of aedeagus.

Liris Fabricius 1804 C85 [=Lirisis Rafinesque-Schmaltz 1815 BM76]
    |–L. (Liris) BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) aurulenta (Fabricius 1787) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) anthracina Kohl 1892 BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) atropos Gribodo 1894 [incl. L. africana Turner 1917] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) aurifrons (Smith 1859) [=Larrada aurifrons; incl. Liris nitida Cameron 1913] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) carolinensis Yasumatsu 1941 BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) clypeata (Smith 1873) [=Larrada clypeata] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) corniger Williams 1936 BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) cowani (Kirby 1883) [=Larrada cowani; incl. Liris pedestris Saussure 1892] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) diabolica (Smith 1873) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) ducalis (Smith 1860) [=Larrada ducalis; incl. Liris nigripennis Cameron 1889] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) esakii Yasumatsu 1941 BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) gibbosa Kohl 1892 BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) krombeini Menke in Bohart & Menke 1976 (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) mandibularis Menke in Bohart & Menke 1976 (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) melania Turner 1916 C85
    |    |–L. (L.) mindanaoensis Williams 1928 BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) modesta (Smith 1859) [=Larrada modesta; incl. La. vindex Smith 1860] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) mordax Kohl 1892 BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) sagax Kohl 1892 BM76
    |    `–L. (L.) samoensis Williams 1928 BM76
    |–L. (Leptolarra Cameron 1900) C85 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |–L. (L.) nigricans (Walker 1871) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |    |    |–L. n. nigricans BM76
    |    |    `–L. n. reticuloides (Richards 1935) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) abbreviata (Turner 1908) [=Notogonia abbreviata] C85
    |    |–L. (L.) agilis (Smith 1856) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) agitata (Turner 1908) [=Notogonia agitata] C85
    |    |–*Chrysolarra appendiculata’ Cameron 1901 nec Larrada appendiculata Taschenberg 1870 nec Caenolarra appendiculata Cameron 1900 BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) argentata (Palisot de Beauvois 1811) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) basilissa (Turner 1908) [=Notogonia basilissa] C85
    |    |–L. (L.) bembesiana (Bischoff 1913) [=Notogonia bembesiana] BM76
    |    |    |–L. b. bembesiana BM76
    |    |    `–L. b. pseudocroesus (Arnold 1940) [=Motes pseudocroesus] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) chrysonota (Smith 1869) [=Larrada chrysonota; incl. La. crassipes Smith 1873] C85
    |    |–L. (L.) ciliata (Smith 1856) [=Larrada ciliata] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) commixta (Turner 1908) [=Notogonia commixta] C85
    |    |–L. (L.) croesus (Smith 1856) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |    |    |–L. c. croesus BM76
    |    |    `–L. c. congoensis (Arnold 1932) [=Notogonidea congoensis] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) denticulata (Turner 1920) [=Notogonia denticulata] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) dentipes (Turner 1917) [=Notogonia dentipes] BM76
    |    |    |–L. d. dentipes BM76
    |    |    `–L. d. tanganyikae Arnold 1947 BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) festinans (Smith 1859) C85 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |    |–L. f. festinans BM76
    |    |    `–L. f. japonica (Kohl 1884) [=Notogonia japonica, *Nigliris japonica] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) flavipennis (Williams 1928) [=Notogonidea flavipennis] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) haemorrhoidalis (Fabricius 1804) C85 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |    |–L. h. haemorrhoidalis C85
    |    |    |–L. h. jocositarsa Saussure 1887 BM76
    |    |    `–L. h. magnifica Kohl 1884 C85
    |    |–L. (L.) lutusator (Williams 1928) [=Notogonidea lutusator] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) memnonia (Smith 1856) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |    |    |–L. m. memnonia BM76
    |    |    `–L. m. coloripes (Arnold 1940) [=Motes coloripes] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) miscophoides (Arnold 1923) [=Notogonidea miscophoides] BM76
    |    |    |–L. m. miscophoides BM76
    |    |    `–L. m. aegyptiaca Beaumont 1961 BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) neavei (Turner 1917) [=Notogonia neavei] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) negrosensis (Williams 1928) [=Notogonidea negrosensis, L. (*Colloliris) negrosensis] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) nigra (Fabricius 1775) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |    |    |–L. n. nigra BM76
    |    |    `–L. n. namana (Bischoff 1913) [=Notogonia namana] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) obliquetruncata (Turner 1908) [=Notogonia obliquetruncata] C85
    |    |–L. (L.) pictipennis (Maidl 1924) [=Notogonia pictipennis] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) recondita (Turner 1916) [=Notogonia recondita] C85
    |    |–L. (L.) regina (Turner 1908) [=Notogonia regina] C85
    |    |–L. (L.) rufipennis Fabricius 1804 [incl. Notogonia compressifemur Giner Marí 1944] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) rufitarsis (Cameron 1900) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) serena (Turner 1908) [=Notogonia serena] C85
    |    |–L. (L.) sericosoma (Turner 1913) [=Notogonia sericosoma] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) simulatrix (Arnold 1923) [=Notogonidea simulatrix] BM76
    |    |–L. (L.) spathulifera (Turner 1916) [=Notogonia spathulifera] C85
    |    |–L. (L.) subtessellata (Smith 1856) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |    `–L. (L.) tenebrosa (Smith 1873) [=Larrada tenebrosa] BM76
    `–L. (Motes Kohl 1896) BM76
         |–L. (*M.) odontophora (Kohl 1894) [=Larra odontophora, Notogonia odontophora] BM76
         |–L. (M.) antica (Smith 1856) (see below for synonymy) BM76
         |–L. (M.) bidentata (Arnold 1923) [=Notogonia bidentata] BM76
         |–L. (M.) flavinerva (Cameron 1900) [=Leptolarra flavinerva; incl. Motes larroides Williams 1928] BM76
         |–L. (M.) fulvipes Fabricius 1804 (see below for synonymy) BM76
         |–L. (M.) fulviventris (Guérin-Méneville 1844) [=Lyrops fulviventris] BM76
         |–L. (M.) inopinata Beaumont 1961 BM76
         |–L. (M.) larroides (Williams 1928) [=Motes larroides] BM76
         |    |–L. l. larroides BM76
         |    `–L. m. taiwanus (Tsuneki 1967) [=Motes taiwanus] BM76
         |–L. (M.) peruana (Brèthes 1924) [=Notogonia peruana] BM76
         |–L. (M.) rubella (Smith 1856) (see below for synonymy) BM76
         |–L. (M.) rugifera (Turner 1918) [=Motes rugifer] BM76
         `–L. (M.) splendens (Ashmead 1900) [=Motes splendens] BM76

Liris incertae sedis:
  L. abyssinica (Arnold 1933) [=Notogonidea abyssinica] BM76
  L. aciculata (Cameron 1905) [=Notogonia aciculata] BM76
  L. aedilis (Smith 1869) [=Larrada aedilis] BM76
  L. aequalis (Fox 1893) (see below for synonymy) BM76
  L. alaris (Saussure 1892) [=Notogonia alaris] BM76
    |–L. a. alaris BM76
    `–L. a. felina (Arnold 1923) [=Notogonidea felina] BM76
  L. alberti (Arnold 1943) [=Leptolarra alberti] BM76
  L. albopilosa Tsuneki 1967 BM76
  L. angustiventris (Arnold 1923) [=Notogonidea angustiventris] BM76
  L. antaka (Saussure 1890) [=Notogonia antaka, N. antaca Saussure 1892; incl. N. ancara Saussure 1891] BM76
    |–L. a. antaka BM76
    `–L. a. transvaalensis (Cameron 1910) (see below for synonymy) BM76
  ‘Notogonia anthracina’ Cameron 1903 non Liris anthracina Kohl 1892 BM76
  L. antilles (Krombein 1953) [=Motes antilles] BM76
  L. apicalis (Fox 1896) [=Notogonia apicalis] BM76
  L. apicipennis (Cameron 1889) [=Notogonia apicipennis] BM76
  L. appendiculata (Taschenberg 1870) [=Larrada appendiculata] BM76
  L. argenticauda (Cameron 1889) [=Notogonia argenticauda; incl. N. chrysura Cameron 1889] BM76
  L. argentifrons (Cameron 1889) [=Notogonia argentifrons] BM76
  L. aterrima (Smith 1856) [=Larrada aterrima] BM76
  L. atrata (Spinola 1805) (see below for synonymy) BM76
  L. atrox Arnold 1959 BM76
  L. aureosericea (Cameron 1901) [=Chrysolarra aureosericea] BM76
  L. australis (Saussure 1855) C85 [=Tachytes australis C85, Notogonia australis R70]
  L. avellanipes (Saussure 1890) [=Notogonia avellanipes] BM76
    |–L. a. avellanipes BM76
    `–L. a. flavivena Arnold 1947 BM76
  L. bakeri (Williams 1928) [=Notogonidea bakeri] BM76
  L. beata (Cameron 1889) [=Notogonia beata] BM76
  L. bella (Lepeletier 1845) [=Tachytes bellus] BM76
  ‘Notogonia bella’ Rohwer 1911 non Tachytes bellus Lepeletier 1845 BM76
  L. bengalensis (Cameron 1903) [=Notogonia bengalensis] BM76
  L. bequaerti (Arnold 1929) [=Notogonidea bequaerti] BM76
  L. bicolor (Kirby 1900) [=Notogonia bicolor] BM76
  L. borneana Tsuneki 1974 BM76
  L. bradleyi (Maidl 1925) [=Notogonia bradleyi] BM76
  L. braueri Kohl 1884 BM76
  L. braunsi (Arnold 1923) [=Notogonidea braunsi] BM76
  L. bredoi Benoit 1951 BM76
  L. brunnipennis Arnold 1945 BM76
  L. caeruleipennis (Maidl 1925) [=Notogonia caeruleipennis] BM76
  L. campestris (Smith 1856) [=Larrada campestris] BM76
  L. championi (Cameron 1889) [=Notogonia championi] BM76
  L. cheesmanae Menke in Bohart & Menke 1976 [=Notogonidea nitida Cheesman 1937 non Cameron 1913] BM76
  L. chrysobapta (Smith 1862) [=Larrada chrysobapta] BM76
  L. cleopatra Beaumont 1961 BM76
  L. clypeopunctata Tsuneki 1974 BM76
  L. conjungens (Walker 1871) [=Larrada conjungens] BM76
  L. consobrina Arnold 1959 BM76
  L. conspicua (Smith 1856) (see below for synonymy) BM76
  L. coronalis (Smith 1856) [=Larrada coronalis] BM76
  L. crassicornis (Maidl 1925) [=Notogonia crassicornis] BM76
  L. crepitans Leclerq 1967 BM76
  L. cubitalis (Saussure 1887) [=Notogonia cubitalis] BM76
  L. decorata (Smith 1856) [=Larrada decorata] BM76
  L. dejecta Arnold 1945 BM76
  L. deplanata (Kohl 1884) [=Notogonia deplanata] BM76
    |–L. d. deplanata BM76
    `–L. d. binghami Tsuneki 1967 BM76
  L. distinguenda (Spinola 1841) [=Larra distinguenda] BM76
  L. dives (Lepeletier 1845) [=Tachytes dives] BM76
  L. docilis (Smith 1873) (see below for synonymy) BM76
  L. domingana (Strand 1911) [=Notogonia domingana] BM76
  L. dominicana Evans 1972 BM76
  L. dyscheira (Saussure 1892) [=Notogonia dyscheira; incl. Larra dasycheira Dalla Torre 1897] BM76
  L. elegans (Bingham 1897) [=Larra elegans] BM76
  L. erythropoda (Cameron 1890) [=Notogonia erythropoda] BM76
  L. erythropyga (Arnold 1940) [=Motes erythropyga] BM76
  L. erythrotoma (Cameron 1908) [=Notogonia erythrotoma] BM76
  L. extensa (Walker 1860) [=Larrada extensa] BM76
  L. facilis (Smith 1873) [=Larrada facilis] BM76
  L. fasciata (Smith 1873) [=Larrada fasciata] BM76
  L. ferrugineipes (Lepeletier 1845) (see below for synonymy) BM76
  L. flavitincta (Arnold 1940) [=Motes flavitincta] BM76
  L. formosana Tsuneki 1973 BM76
  L. foveiscutis (Cameron 1913) [=Notogonia foveiscutis] BM76
  L. fuliginosa (Dahlbom 1843) [=Larra fuliginosa; incl. Larrada dahlbomi Cresson 1865] BM76
  L. funerea (Smith 1864) [=Larrada funerea] BM76
  L. fuscata Tsuneki 1971 BM76
  L. fuscinerva (Cameron 1905) [=Notogonia fuscinerva] BM76
  L. fuscistigma (Cameron 1903) [=Notogonia fuscistigma] BM76
  L. ganahlii (Dalla Torre 1897) (see below for synonymy) BM76
  L. gastrifera (Strand 1910) [=Notogonia gastrifera] BM76
  L. gowdeyi (Turner 1913) [=Notogonia gowdeyi] BM76
  L. gracilicornis (Arnold 1923) [=Notogonidea gracilicornis] BM76
  L. gryllicida Evans 1972 BM76
  L. hanedai Tauneki 1971 BM76
  L. incerta Arnold 1945 BM76
  L. indica (Cameron 1903) [=Notogonia indica] BM76
  L. insularis (Saussure 1867) [=Larrada insularis] BM76
  L. intermedia (Cameron 1903) [=Notogonia intermedia] BM76
  L ‘intermedia’ Tsuneki 1972 non Notogonia intermedia Cameron 1903 nec Notogonidea intermedia Arnold 1923 nec Liris intermedia Williams 1928 BM76
  ‘Notogonia iridipennis’ Maidl 1925 non Larra iridipennis Cameron 1900 BM76
  L. iriomotensis Tsuneki 1972 BM76
  L. irrorata (Smith 1856) [=Larrada irrorata; incl. Larra fraudulenta Kohl 1894] BM76
    |–L. i. irrorata BM76
    `–L. i. tibialis (Arnold 1932) [=Notogonidea tibialis] BM76
  L. ituriensis Benoit 1951 BM76
  L. jaculator (Smith 1856) [=Larrada jaculator; incl. Notogonia chapmani Cameron 1900] BM76
  ‘Chrysolarra japonica’ Cameron 1901 non Notogonia japonica Kohl 1884 BM76
  L. jucunda Arnold 1959 BM76
  L. karnyi (Maidl 1927) [=Notogonidea karnyi] BM76
  L. keiseri (Leclercq 1962) [=Motes keiseri] BM76
  L. khasiana (Cameron 1905) [=Notogonia khasiana] BM76
  L. kuchingensis (Cameron 1909) [=Notogonia kuchingensis] BM76
  L. labiata (Fabricius 1793) [=Sphex labiatus; incl. Larrada ignipennis Smith 1856] BM76
  L. laboriosa (Smith 1856) [=Larrada laboriosa; incl. Notogonia crawfordi Rohwer 1910] BM76
  L. larriformis (Williams 1928) [=Notogonidea larriformis] BM76
  L. laterisetosa (Spinola 1851) [=Larra laterisetosa] BM76
  L. ligulata (Williams 1928) [=Notogonidea ligulata] BM76
  L. limpidipennis (Smith 1873) [=Larrada limpidipennis] BM76
  L. liriformis (Williams 1947) [=Notogonidea liriformis] BM76
  L. litoralis Tsuneki 1963 BM76
  L. longicornis (Cameron 1900) [=Larra longicornis] BM76
  L. longitarsis (Cameron 1900) [=Leptolarra longitarsis] BM76
  L. luctuosa (Smith 1856) [=Larrada luctuosa] BM76
  L. luteipennis (Cresson 1869) [=Larrada luteipennis] BM76
  L. maidli (Arnold 1929) (see below for synonymy) BM76
  L. mescalero (Pate 1943) [=Motes mescalero] BM76
  L. mindanao Menke in Bohart & Menke 1976 (see below for synonymy) BM76
  L. minima (Arnold 1923) [=Notogonidea minima] BM76
    |–L. m. minima BM76
    `–L. m. lacustris Arnold 1947 BM76
  L. montivaga (Cameron 1908) [=Notogonia montivaga] BM76
  L. morio Kohl 1892 BM76
  L. morrae (Strand 1910) [=Notogonia morrae] BM76
  L. muesebecki (Krombein 1954) [=Motes muesebecki] BM76
  L. murina (Dahlbom 1843) [=Tachytes murinus] BM76
  L. nigripes (Saussure 1867) [=Larrada nigripes] C85
  L. nitens (Arnold 1929) [=Notogonidea nitens] BM76
  L. nugax (Kohl 1894) [=Larra nugax; incl. Notogonia dixeyi Bingham 1912, N. pilosifrons Turner 1916] BM76
  L. obtusedentata (Maidl 1925) [=Notogonia obtusedentata] BM76
  L. opalipennis (Kohl 1898) [=Notogonia opalipennis] BM76
    |–L. o. opalipennis BM76
    `–L. o. cypriaca Beaumont 1961 BM76
  L. ordinaria (Arnold 1932) [=Notogonidea ordinaria] BM76
  L. ornatitarsis (Cameron 1911) [=Notogonia ornatitarsis] BM76
  L. pacificatrix (Turner 1908) [=Larra pacificatrix] BM76
  L. panamensis (Cameron 1889) [=Notogonia panamensis] BM76
  L. parva (Cameron 1903) [=Notogonia parva] BM76
  L. ‘peruana’ (Brèthes 1926) [=Tachytes peruanus non Notogonia peruana Brèthes 1926] BM76
  L. picipes (Cameron 1903) [=Notogonia picipes] BM76
  L. piliventris (Cameron 1903) [=Notogonia piliventris] BM76
  L. pilosa (Cameron 1903) [=Notogonia pilosa] BM76
  L. pitamawa (Rohwer 1919) [=Cratolarra pitamawa] BM76
  L. plebeja (Taschenberg 1870) [=Larrada plebeja] BM76
  L. pluto (Smith 1856) [=Tachytes pluto] BM76
  L. politica (Dalla Torre 1897) (see below for synonymy) BM76
  L. praedatrix (Strand 1910) [=Notogonia praedatrix] BM76
  L. praetermissa (Richards 1928) (see below for synonymy) BM76
  L. primania (Kohl 1894) [=Larra primania] BM76
  L. pruinosa (Smith 1873) [=Larrada pruinosa] BM76
  ‘Chrysolarra pruinosa’ Cameron 1901 non Larrada pruinosa Smith 1873 BM76
  L. pulcherrima (Cameron 1902) [=Notogonia pulcherrima] BM76
  L. punctata Tsuneki 1974 BM76
  L. pygmaea (Cameron 1903) [=Notogonia pygmaea] BM76
  L. quadrifasciata (Smith 1856) [=Larrada quadrifasciata] BM76
  L. radialis (Saussure 1887) [=Notogonia radialis; incl. N. radamae Saussure 1891] BM76
  L. radulina Evans 1972 BM76
  L. robusta (Williams 1928) [=Notogonidea robusta] BM76
    |–L. r. robusta BM76
    `–L. r. planata Tsuneki 1963 BM76
  L. robustoides (Williams 1928) [=Notogonidea robustoides] BM76
  L. rohweri (Williams 1928) [=Notogonidea rohweri] BM76
  L. rubricata (Smith 1856) [=Larrada rubricata] BM76
  L. rufoscapa (Cameron 1905) [=Notogonia rufoscapa] BM76
  L. sabrina (Leclercq 1961) [=Motes sabrina] BM76
  L. sabulosa (Smith 1864) [=Larrada sabulosa] BM76
  L. samoa Menke in Bohart & Menke 1976 (see below for synonymy) BM76
  L. scabriuscula Arnold 1945 BM76
  L. semiappendiculata (Cameron 1912) [=Tachysphex semiappendiculatus] BM76
  L. sepulchralis (Gerstaecker 1857) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |–L. s. sepulchralis BM76
    `–L. s. hova Arnold 1945 BM76
  L. seychellensis (Cameron 1907) [=Notogonia seychellensis; incl. N. rufofemorata Cameron 1907] BM76
  L. silvicola (Williams 1928) [=Notogonidea silvicola] BM76
  L. solstitialis (Smith 1856) (see below for synonymy) BM76
    |–L. s. solstitialis BM76
    `–L. s. anubis Beaumont 1970 (see below for synonymy) BM76
  L. sophiae Evans 1972 BM76
  L. sternalis (Rohwer 1914) [=Notogonidea sternalis] BM76
  L. strenua (Cameron 1905) [=Notogonia strenua] BM76
  L. striaticollis (Cameron 1903) [=Notogonia striaticollis] BM76
  L. subfasciata (Walker 1871) [=Larrada subfasciata; incl. Notogonidea egregia Arnold 1929] BM76
  L. subpetiolata (Smith 1856) [=Larrada subpetiolata] BM76
  L. sulcifrons (Cameron 1905) [=Notogonia sulcifrons] BM76
  L. sumatrensis (Maidl 1927) [=Notogonidea sumatrensis] BM76
  L. surusumi Tsuneki 1966 [incl. L. shirozui Tsuneki 1966] BM76
  L. tachytoides Tsuneki 1963 BM76
  L. tanoi Tsuneki 1974 BM76
  L. tegularis (Cameron 1902) [=Notogonia tegularis] BM76
  ‘Notogonia tegularis’ Cameron 1905 non Cameron 1902 BM76
  L. testaceicornis (Cameron 1905) [=Notogonia testaceicornis] BM76
  L. thaiana Tsuneki 1963 [incl. Notogonidea liroides Williams 1928 non Motes liroides Turner 1913] BM76
  L. thysanomera (Kohl 1894) [=Larra thysanomera] BM76
    |–L. t. thysanomera BM76
    `–L. t. usambaraensis (Cameron 1908) [=Notogonia usambaraensis] BM76
  L. tinctipennis (Cameron 1889) [=Notogonia tinctipennis] BM76
  L. tisiphone (Smith 1858) [=Larrada tisiphone] BM76
  L. townesi (Krombein 1949) [=Motes townesi] BM76
  L. transversa Cheesman 1955 BM76
  L. trifasciata (Smith 1856) [=Larrada trifasciata] BM76
  L. ‘trifasciata’ Tsuneki 1974 non Larrada trifasciata Smith 1856 BM76
  L. tristis (Smith 1856) [=Larrada tristis] BM76
  L. trivittata (Korby 1900) [=Tachytes trivittatus; incl. Notogonia expedita Kohl 1906] BM76
  L. tropicalis Arnold 1960 BM76
  L. truncata (Smith 1856) [=Larrada truncata] BM76
  L. truncatula (Dalla Torre 1897) (see below for synonymy) BM76
  L. uelensis Benoit 1951 BM76
  L. umbripennis (Cameron 1902) [=Notogonia umbripennis] BM76
  L. utopica (Leclercq 1961) [=Motes utopicus] BM76
  L. vagans (Arnold 1940) [=Motes vagans] BM76
  L. varipilosa (Cameron 1903) [=Notogonia varipilosa] BM76
  L. vigilans (Smith 1856) [=Larrada vigilans] BM76
  L. vinulenta (Cresson 1865) [=Larrada vinulenta] BM76
    |–L. v. vinulenta BM76
    `–L. v. muspa (Pate 1943) [=Motes muspus] BM76
  L. violaceipennis (Cameron 1889) [=Notogonia violaceipennis] BM76
  L. ‘violaceipennis’ Cameron 1904 non Notogonia violaceipennis Cameron 1889 BM76
  L. vivax (Cameron 1905) [=Notogonia vivax] BM76
  L. voeltzkowii (Kohl 1909) [=Notogonia voeltzkowii] BM76
  L. vollenhovia (Ritsema 1874) [=Larrada vollenhovia, Notogonia vollenhovenia Schulz 1904] BM76
  L. wheeleri Arnold 1960 BM76
  L. xanthoptera Arnold 1945 BM76
    |–L. x. xanthoptera BM76
    `–L. x. nyasae Arnold 1947 BM76

Liris aequalis (Fox 1893) [=Notogonia aequalis; incl. N. montezuma Cameron 1889, Larra nigripennata Dalla Torre 1897, N. nigripennis Fox 1893 non Cameron 1889, N. occidentalis Viereck 1903, N. subaequalis Rohwer 1909] BM76

Liris antaka transvaalensis (Cameron 1910) [=Notogonia transvaalensis; incl. Notogonia brevicarinata Cameron 1910, Notogonidea griseola Arnold 1923, Notogonia massaica Cameron 1908, Notogonia pretoriaensis Cameron 1910] BM76

Liris atrata (Spinola 1805) [=Larra atrata; incl. Larra micans Spinola 1806, Tachytes nigritus Lepeletier 1845, Notogonia pharaonum Kohl 1906] BM76

Liris conspicua (Smith 1856) [=Larrada conspicua; incl. Notogonia luteipennis Cameron 1890 non Larrada luteipennis Cresson 1869, N. pulchripennis Cameron 1889] BM76

Liris docilis (Smith 1873) [=Larrada docilis; incl. Notogonia manilensis Rohwer 1910, Larrada tisiphone Smith 1873 non Smith 1858, Larra tisiphonoides Dalla Torre 1897, Liris vortex Tsuneki 1966] BM76

Liris ferrugineipes (Lepeletier 1845) [=Tachytes ferrugineipes; incl. Larra pallidipes Dalla Torre 1897, Larrada pallipes Smith 1856] BM76

Liris ganahlii (Dalla Torre 1897) [=Notogonia ganahlii; incl. Notogonia rufipes Saussure 1892 non Larrada rufipes Smith 1859] BM76

Liris maidli (Arnold 1929) [=Notogonidea maidli; incl. Notogonia minima Maidl 1924 non Notogonidea minima Arnold 1923] BM76

Liris mindanao Menke in Bohart & Menke 1976 [=Notogonidea mindanaoensis Williams 1928 non Liris mindanaoensis Williams 1928] BM76

Liris politica (Dalla Torre 1897) [=Larra politica; incl. Larrada polita Taschenberg 1870 non Smith 1857] BM76

Liris praetermissa (Richards 1928) [=Notogonia praetermissa; incl. Leptolarra schulthessi Giner Marí 1942] BM76

Liris samoa Menke in Bohart & Menke 1976 [=Notogonidea samoensis Williams 1928 non Liris samoensis Williams 1928] BM76

Liris sepulchralis (Gerstaecker 1857) [=Lyrops sepulchralis; incl. Notogonidea intermedia Arnold 1923 non Notogonia intermedia Cameron 1903] BM76

Liris solstitialis (Smith 1856) [=Larrada solstitialis; incl. Notogonia cnemophila Cameron 1908, N. femoralis Saussure 1887] BM76

Liris solstitialis anubis Beaumont 1970 [incl. L. tibialis Beaumont 1961 non Notogonidea tibialis Arnold 1932] BM76

Liris truncatula (Dalla Torre 1897) [=Notogonia truncatula; incl. N. truncata Cameron 1889 non Larrada truncata Smith 1856] BM76

Liris (Leptolarra Cameron 1900) C85 [incl. Caenolarra Cameron 1900 BM76, Chrysolarra Cameron 1901 BM76, Colloliris Tsuneki 1974 BM76, Dociliris Tsuneki 1967 BM76, Nigliris Tsuneki 1967 BM76, Notogonia Costa 1867 non Perty 1850 BM76, Notogonius (l. c.) BM76, Notogonidea Rohwer 1911 BM76, Spanolarra Cameron 1900 BM76]

Liris (Leptolarra) agilis (Smith 1856) [=Larrada agilis; incl. Liris cooperi Beaumont 1950, Notogonia costae Magretti 1884] BM76

Liris (Leptolarra) argentata (Palisot de Beauvois 1811) [=Larra argentata; incl. Larrada nuda Taschenberg 1870, Larrada pennsylvanica Smith 1856, Larra pensylvanica Palisot de Beauvois 1811] BM76

Liris (Leptolarra) croesus (Smith 1856) [=Larrada croesus; incl. Motes deceptor Turner 1916, M. liroides Turner 1913, Notogonia pseudoliris Turner 1913] BM76

Liris (Leptolarra) festinans (Smith 1859) C85 [=Larrada festinans C85; incl. Notogonia manilae Ashmead 1904 C85, Notogonia retiaria Turner 1908 C85, Notogonidea williamsi Rohwer 1919 BM76]

Liris (Leptolarra) haemorrhoidalis (Fabricius 1804) C85 [=Pompilus haemorrhoidalis BM76; incl. Lyrops auriventris Guérin-Méneville 1835 BM76, Tachytes illudens Lepeletier 1845 BM76, Liris orichalcea Dahlbom 1843 BM76, Liris rubricans Pérez 1895 BM76, Lyrops savignyi Spinola 1838 BM76]

Liris (Leptolarra) memnonia (Smith 1856) [=Larrada memnonia; incl. Tachytes funebris Radoszkowski 1876, La. obscura Magretti 1884, La. semiargentia Taschenberg 1870, Motes setiger Arnold 1940] BM76

Liris (Leptolarra) nigra (Fabricius 1775) [=Sphex niger, Larra nigra, *Notogonia nigra, *Notogonidea nigra, Pompilus niger, Tachytes niger; incl. Notogonia baguenai Giner Marí 1934, Larra confusa Radoszkowski 1887, Tachytes germabensis Radoszkowski 1893, Larra iridipennis Cameron 1900, Larra nana Bingham 1897, Larra nigriventris Cameron 1889, Larra pompiliformis Panzer 1806-1809 non Panzer 1804, Anoplius uniocellatus Dufour 1834] BM76

Liris (Leptolarra) nigricans (Walker 1871) [=Larrada nigricans; incl. Notogonia argyropyga Costa 1875, Larra jugurthae Gribodo 1894, N. mahensis Cameron 1908, Larra palumbula Kohl 1894, N. punctipleura Cameron 1908, N. reticulata Saussure 1892, N. sculpturata Kohl 1892] BM76

Liris (Leptolarra) nigricans reticuloides (Richards 1935) [=Leptolarra reticuloides; incl. Liris indica Arnold 1945 non Notogonia indica Cameron 1903, *Le. reticulata Cameron 1900 non N. reticulata Saussure 1892] BM76

Liris (Leptolarra) rufitarsis (Cameron 1900) [=*Spanolarra rufitarsis; incl. *Caenolarra appendiculata Cameron 1900 non Larrada appendiculata Taschenberg 1870, Notogonidea flavipennis Williams 1928] BM76

Liris (Leptolarra) subtessellata (Smith 1856) [=Larrada subtessellata, *Dociliris subtessellata; incl. La. exilipes Smith 1856, Notogonia insularis Cameron 1913 non Larrada insularis Saussure 1867, Notogonidea luzonensis Rohwer 1919] BM76

Liris (Liris) aurulenta (Fabricius 1787) BM76 [=Sphex aurulentus BM76; incl. S. auratus Fabricius 1787 non S. aurata Linnaeus 1758 BM76, *Liris aurata C85, Tachytes auropilosus Rohwer 1911 BM76, T. opulentus Lepeletier 1845 BM76, T. purpureipennis Matsumura & Uchida 1926 BM76]

Liris (Liris) diabolica (Smith 1873) [=Larrada diabolica; incl. Tachytes capitalis Radoszkowski 1881, Larra opipara Kohl 1894, Liris violaceipennis Cameron 1908 non Cameron 1889] BM76

Liris (Liris) krombeini Menke in Bohart & Menke 1976 [=L. williamsi Krombein 1949 non Notogonidea williamsi Rohwer 1919] BM76

Liris (Liris) mandibularis Menke in Bohart & Menke 1976 [=L. intermedia Williams 1928 nec Notogonia intermedia Cameron 1903 nec Notogonidea intermedia Arnold 1923] BM76

Liris (Motes) antica (Smith 1856) [=Larrada antica; incl. Tachysphex rufogeniculatus Cameron 1912] BM76

Liris (Motes) fulvipes Fabricius 1804 [incl. Larrada angustata Taschenberg 1870, Tachysphex longiventris Cameron 1912, Motes rufithorax Ducke 1908] BM76

Liris (Motes) rubella (Smith 1856) [=Larrada rubella; incl. Liris arnoldi Benoit 1951, Larra cyphononyx Kohl 1894] BM76

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[C85] Cardale, J. C. 1985. Vespoidea and Sphecoidea. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 2. Hymenoptera: Formicoidea, Vespoidea and Sphecoidea pp. 150–303. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.

[R70] Riek, E. F. 1970. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 867–959. Melbourne University Press.

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