Lithostrotionidae

Lithostrotion irregulare, from David Holloway.

Belongs within: Rugosa.

The Lithostrotionidae is a family of colonial rugose corals known from the Upper Carboniferous and Permian. Early members of the family formed branching colonies with discrete corallites; in many later representatives, the colonies became massive with the corallites more closely integrated (Nudds 1979).

<==Lithostrotionidae
    |--StylastraeaRR79
    |--Yatsengia hangchowensisNS93, DX84
    |--StelechophyllumNS93
    |    |--S. alferovi (Gorskiy 1935)NS93
    |    |--S. nalivkini (Gorskiy 1935)NS93
    |    `--S. plativesiculosum (Gorskiy 1935)NS93
    |--OrionastraeaN79
    |    |--O. edmondsiN79
    |    |--O. ensiferN79
    |    |--O. indivisaN79
    |    |--O. phillipsiiN79
    |    `--O. tuberosaN79
    `--Lithostrotion Fleming 1828W77
         |--L. araneumN79
         |--L. arundineum Etheridge 1900F71
         |--L. asiaticumZP86
         |--L. columnare Etheridge 1900F71
         |--L. decipiensN79
         |--L. floriformeG31
         |--L. irregulareH04
         |--L. martiniN79
         |--L. parvicolumnareF71
         |--L. pauciradialeN79
         |--L. stanvellense Etheridge 1900 [=L. stanvellensis]F71
         `--L. whitneyi Meek 1875W77
Nomen nudum: Lithostrotion columnare semimensurum Fleming in Fletcher 1971F71

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[DX84] Ding Y., Xia G., Duan C., Li W., Liu X. & Liang Z. 1984. Study on the early Permian stratigraphy and fauna in Zhesi district, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu (Inner Mongolia). Bulletin Tianjin Institure Geol. Min. Res. 10.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[G31] Grabau, A. W. 1931. The Permian of Mongolia: A report on the Permian fauna of the Jisu Honguer limestone of Mongolia and its relations to the Permian of other parts of the world. American Museum of Natural History: New York.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[N79] Nudds, J. R. 1979. Coloniality in the Lithostrotionidae (Rugosa). In: Larwood, G., & B. R. Rosen (eds) Biology and Systematics of Colonial Organisms pp. 173–192. Academic Press: London.

[NS93] Nudds, J. R., & J. J. Sepkoski Jr. 1993. Coelenterata. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 101–124. Chapman & Hall: London.

[RR79] Ross, C. A., & J. R. P. Ross. 1979. Permian. In: Robison, R. A., & C. Teichert (eds) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt A. Introduction. Fossilisation (Taphonomy), Biogeography and Biostratigraphy pp. A291–A350. The Geological Society of America, Inc.: Boulder (Colorado), and The University of Kansas: Lawrence (Kansas).

[W77] White, C. A. 1877. Report upon the invertebrate fossils collected in portions of Nevada, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona, by parties of the expeditions of 1871, 1872, 1873, and 1874. U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian 4 (1): 1–219, pls 1–21.

[ZP86] Zhang, R., & J. Pojeta, Jr. 1986. New bivalves from the Datang Stage, Lower Carboniferous, Guangdong Province, China. Journal of Paleontology 60 (3): 669–679.

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