Greenbottle Lucilia caesar, copyright Chris Moody.

Belongs within: Calliphoridae.

Lucilia, greenbottles, is a cosmopolitan genus of blow flies with a metallic green, greenish blue or dark purplish body and without hairs on the lower calypter (Vargas & Wood 2010). Larvae feed on a variety of decomposing substrates and some species may become parasites on live animals. The Australian sheep blow fly L. cuprina can cause flystrike in sheep when larvae laid among faecal stains in wool begin attacking the host.

<==Lucilia Robineau-Desvoidy 1830 (see below for synonymy)PG-M04
    |--L. (Lucilia)F92
    |    |--*L. (L.) caesar (Linnaeus 1758)PG-M04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    `--L. (L.) illustris (Meigen 1826) [=Musca illustris]F92
    |--L. (Caesariceps Rohdendorf 1926)F92
    |    |--L. (*C.) flavipennis Kramer 1917PG-M04 [incl. L. ampullacea Villeneuve 1922PG-M04, L. (Caesariceps) ampullaceaF92]
    |    |    |--L. f. flavipennisF92
    |    |    `--L. ‘ampullacea’ laoshanensis Quo 1952F92
    |    `--L. (C.) porphyrina (Walker 1857) [=Musca porphyrina]F92
    `--L. (Phaenicia Robineau-Desvoidy 1863)F92 [=Phoenicia (l. c.)PG-M04; incl. Dasylucilia Rohdendorf 1926PG-M04]
         |--L. (P.) sericata (Meigen 1826)KP10, BW09, PG-M04 [=Musca sericataPG-M04; incl. *P. concinna Robineau-Desvoidy 1863PG-M04]
         |    |--L. s. sericataF92
         |    `--L. s. hirsutula Grunin 1969F92
         |--L. (P.) angustifrontata Ye in Fan 1992 [=L. angustifrons Ye 1983 non Townsend 1908]F92
         |--L. (P.) caeruleiviridisD37, E66
         |--‘Phaenicia’ cluviaE66
         |--L. (P.) cuprina (Wiedemann 1830) [=Musca cuprina]F92
         |    |--L. c. cuprinaF92
         |    `--L. c. dorsalis R.-D. 1830F92
         |--L. (P.) pilosiventris Kramer 1910F92, PG-M04 [=L. (*Dasylucilia) pilosiventrisPG-M04]
         |--L. (P.) regalis (Meigen 1926) [=Musca regalis]F92
         |--L. (P.) shansiensis Fan 1965F92
         `--L. (P.) taiyuanensis Chu 1975F92
Lucilia incertae sedis:
  L. argyricephalaR55
  L. barthiiR01
  L. caesarionL49
  L. disparP55
  L. eximiaVW10
  L. hirsutoculata Macquart 1847E12
  L. hominivoraR13
  *Phumonesia’ infernalis Villeneuve 1914 [incl. *Roubaudiella caerulea Séguy 1925]PG-M04
  L. pilosa Baranoff 1933F92
  L. pubescensL49
  L. purpurescensVW10
  L. richarsdsi Collin 1926F92

Lucilia Robineau-Desvoidy 1830 [incl. Argoracrites Séguy 1925 (n. n.), Phumonesia Villeneuve 1914, Roubaudiella Séguy 1925]PG-M04

*Lucilia (Lucilia) caesar (Linnaeus 1758)PG-M04 [=Musca caesarPG-M04; incl. M. cadaverina Linnaeus 1758F92, Pyrellia cadaverinaF92]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BW09] Buck, M., N. E. Woodley, A. Borkent, D. M. Wood, T. Pape, J. R. Vockeroth, V. Michelsen & S. A. Marshall. 2009. Key to Diptera families—adults. In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 1 pp. 95–156. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

[D37] Donohoe, H. C. 1937. Fly damage to drying cut fruits. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 39 (9): 283.

[E66] Evans, H. E. 1966. The Comparative Ethology and Evolution of the Sand Wasps. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[E12] Evenhuis, N. L. 2012. Publication and dating of the Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie: Histoire Naturelle des Animaux Articulés (1846–1849) by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas. Zootaxa 3448: 1–61.

[F92] Fan Z. 1992. Key to the Common Flies of China 2nd ed. Science Press: Beijing.

[KP10] Kutty, S. N., T. Pape, B. M. Wiegmann & R. Meier. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the Calyptratae (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) with an emphasis on the superfamily Oestroidea and the position of Mystacinobiidae and McAlpine’s fly. Systematic Entomology 35: 614–635.

[L49] Lucas, H. 1849. Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842 publiée par ordre du gouvernement et avec le concours d’une commission académique. Sciences physiques. Zoologie. II. Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. Troisième partie. Insectes (suite). Imprimerie Nationale: Paris.

[P55] Paramonov, S. J. 1955. A review of Australian Scenopinidae (Diptera). Australian Journal of Zoology 3 (4): 634–653.

[PG-M04] Peris, S. V., & D. González-Mora. 2004. Clave de identificación para los géneros de Calliphoridae del mundo. Subfamilias con vena remigium desnuda y creación de una nueva subfamilia. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. (Sec. Biol.) 99 (1–4): 115–144.

[R55] Rayment, T. 1954. Taxonomy, morphology and biology of sericophorine wasps with diagnoses of two new genera and descriptions of forty new species and six sub-species. Memoirs of the National Museum, Melbourne 19: 11–105.

[R13] Reuter, O. M. 1913. Lebensgewohnheiten und Instinkte der Insekten bis zum Erwachen der sozialen Instinkte. R. Friedländer & Sohn: Berlin.

[R01] Ricardo, G. 1901. Notes on Diptera from South Africa (concluded). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 89–110.

[VW10] Vargas, J., & D. M. Wood. 2010. Calliphoridae (blow flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1297–1304. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

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