Lychnocanioidea

Anaticapitula clauda, from Dumitrica & Zügel (2003).

Belongs within: Nassellaria.
Contains: Napora.

The Lychnocanioidea are a group of radiolarians known from the Triassic to the present (Afanasieva et al. 2005).

Characters (from Afanasieva et al. 2005): Two to five (more often three) segments. Cephalis medium sized, theoperid or archipilid. Cephalis always not more than one third of entire test. Strong external tripod formed by spines D and 2L, sometimes tetrapod.

<==Lychnocanioidea [Foremanellinacea]AA05
    |--SpongosilicarmigeridaeAA05
    |    |--Nofrema Dumitrica, Kozur & Mostler 1980AA05
    |    `--Spongosilicarmiger Kozur 1984AA05
    |--DeflandrecyrtiidaeAA05
    |    |--Deflandrecyrtium Kozur & Mostler 1979AA05
    |    `--Dreyericyrtium Kozur & Mostler 1979AA05
    |--SilicarmigeridaeAA05
    |    |--Silicarmiger Kozur & Mostler 1980AA05
    |    `--Trictenartus Haeckel 1881 [incl. Artopilium Haeckel 1881 (nom. inv.)]AA05
    |         `--‘Artopilium’ elegansH04
    |--SpongolophophenidaeAA05
    |    |--Conospongocyrtis Kozur & Mostler 1994AA05
    |    |--Maudia Carter 1988AA05
    |    |--Spongolophophaena Kozur & Mostler 1994AA05
    |    `--Triassospongocyrtis Kozur & Mostler 1994AA05
    |--LivarellidaeAA05
    |    |--Citriduma De Wever 1982AA05
    |    |--Kozuria Zhang 1990AA05
    |    |--Livarella Kozur & Mostler 1981AA05
    |    `--Praecitriduma Kozur 1984AA05
    |--TheoperidaeAA05
    |    |--Artoperina Campbell 1951AA05
    |    |--Dictyophimus Ehrenberg 1847AA05
    |    |--Eusyringium Haeckel 1881AA05
    |    |--Pterocyrtidium Buetschli 1882AA05
    |    |--Rhopalatractus Haeckel 1881AA05
    |    |--Rhopalocanium Ehrenberg 1847AA05
    |    |--Theopera Haeckel 1881AA05
    |    `--Theophaena Haeckel 1881AA05
    |--ForemanellidaeAA05
    |    |--Foremanellina Dumitrica 1982AA05
    |    |--‘Riedelius’ De Wever 1982 non Hudec 1961AA05
    |    |--Hilarisirex Takemura & Nakaseko 1982AA05
    |    |--Diceratigalea Takemura & Nakaseko 1982AA05
    |    |--Farcus Pessagno, Whalen & Yeh 1986AA05
    |    |--Recoarcoella Dumitrica 1982AA05
    |    |--Rolumbus Pessagno, Whalen & Yeh 1986AA05
    |    `--Sanniopileus Dumitrica & Zügel 2003DZ03
    |         |--*S. stultus Dumitrica & Zügel 2003DZ03
    |         `--S. stultissimus Dumitrica & Zügel 2003DZ03
    |--CuniculiformidaeAA05
    |    |--Goestlingella Kozur & Mostler 1979AA05
    |    |--Cuniculiformis de Wever 1982AA05
    |    |    |--*C. plinius de Wever 1982DZ03
    |    |    `--C. aristotelis de Wever 1982DZ03
    |    `--Cassideus Pessagno 1969AA05
    |         |--*C. riedeli Pessagno 1969DZ03
    |         |--C. biannulatus Dumitrica & Zügel 2003DZ03
    |         |--C. deweveri Dumitrica & Zügel 2003DZ03
    |         |--C. scalariconus Dumitrica & Zügel 2003DZ03
    |         `--C. yoloensisDZ03
    `--LychnocaniidaeAA05
         |--BekominaeAA05
         |    |--Bekoma Riedel & Sanfilippo 1971AA05
         |    |--Bekomiforma Sanfilippo & Riedel 1974AA05
         |    `--Orbula Foreman 1973AA05
         |--LithochytridinaeAA05
         |    |--Lithochytris Ehrenberg 1847AA05
         |    |--Lithochytrodes Haeckel 1887AA05
         |    |--Lychnocanella Haeckel 1887AA05
         |    |--Sethochytris Haeckel 1881AA05
         |    `--Theopodium Haeckel 1887AA05
         |--LychnocaniinaeAA05
         |    |--Acerahedrina Vinassa 1900AA05
         |    |--Acerocanium Vinassa 1900AA05
         |    |--Lychnocanium Ehrenberg 1847 [incl. Fenestracantha Bertolini 1935]AA05
         |    |--Lychnocanoma Haeckel 1887AA05
         |    |--Sanfilippoella Kozur & Mostler 1979AA05
         |    |--Stichopilidium Haeckel 1887AA05
         |    `--Lithornithium Ehrenberg 1847AA05
         |         `--L. falcoH04
         `--Ultranaporinae [Ultranaporidae]AA05
              |--NaporaAA05
              |--Ultranapora Pessagno 1977AA05
              |--Pleuropodium Haeckel 1881AA05
              |--Pterocanidium Haeckel 1887AA05
              |--Stichopterium Haeckel 1881AA05
              |--Triprionium Haeckel 1881AA05
              |--Pterocanium Ehrenberg 1847AA05
              |    `--P. trilobumH04
              |--Poculinapora Dumitrica & Zügel 2003DZ03
              |    |--*P. poculigera Dumitrica & Zügel 2003DZ03
              |    |--P. espinosa (Hull 1997) [=Napora espinosa]DZ03
              |    |--P. marsupiala Dumitrica & Zügel 2003DZ03
              |    |--P. spathulipes Dumitrica & Zügel 2003DZ03
              |    `--P. tripartita Dumitrica & Zügel 2003DZ03
              `--Anaticapitula Dumitrica & Zügel 2003DZ03
                   |--*A. clauda Dumitrica & Zügel 2003DZ03
                   |--‘Jacus’ anatiformis de Wever 1982DZ03
                   |--A. germanica Dumitrica & Zügel 2003DZ03
                   |--‘Jacus’ italicus Jud 1994DZ03
                   |--A. pennata Dumitrica & Zügel 2003DZ03
                   `--A. tenera Dumitrica & Zügel 2003DZ03

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AA05] Afanasieva, M. S., E. O. Amon, Y. V. Agarkov & D. S. Boltovskoy. 2005. Radiolarians in the geological record. Paleontological Journal 39 (Suppl. 3): S135–S392.

[DZ03] Dumitrica, P., & P. Zügel. 2003. Lower Tithonian mono- and dicyrtid Nassellaria (Radiolaria) from the Solnhofen area (southern Germany). Geodiversitas 25 (1): 5–72.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

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