Lyroda

Lyroda subita female with prey, copyright S. R. Johnson.

Belongs within: Crabronidae.

Lyroda is a genus of slender, ground-nesting wasps that provision their nests with crickets of the families Gryllidae and Tetrigidae (Bohart & Menke 1976).

Characters (from Bohart & Menke 1976): Inner orbits essentially parallel or converging above; antenna elongate, scape usually short and stout, flagellomeres longer than broad, those of male unmodified; clypeal free margin with several teeth laterally (and sometimes mesally) in female, margin with a median truncate or weakly toothed lobe in male; labrum quadrangular, apex sometimes visible; inner margin of mandible with two subbasal teeth in female, none in male, externoventral margin notched or angulate in both sexes; mouthparts short; occipital carina incomplete, disappearing short of hypostomal carina; collar moderately long, usually trituberculate dorsally; admedian lines of scutum nearly contiguous or widely separated, propodeum long, dorsal enclosure not defined, dorsum usually with a median longitudinal carina, lateral carina sometimes present; mesopleuron with scrobal sulcus; gaster usually sessile, rarely pedunculate, both sexes with a pygidial plate defined by carinae, surface densely or sparsely covered with short setae; legs long, slender, foreleg with a weak tarsal rake in both sexes, spines few; midcoxae separated, hindcoxae contiguous; hindtibia with two parallel rows of spines, the uppermost borne on a weak ridge, arolia large in both sexes; marginal cell of forewing truncate, appendiculate; three submarginal cells, second submarginal cell four- to six-sided (rarely three-sided), not petiolate, receiving both recurrent veins or first recurrent interstitial; length of hindwing jugal lobe equal to or less than half of anal area; male with volsella well differentiated.

<==Lyroda Say 1837C85 [=Lyrodon (l. c.) non Goldfuss 1837BM76; incl. Morphota Smith 1856BM76, Odontolarra Cameron 1900BM76]
|--*L. subita (Say 1837)C85 (see below for synonymy)
|--L. aethiopica Kohl 1894BM76
|--L. argenteofacialis (Cameron 1889) [=Astata argenteofacialis]BM76
|--L. concinna (Smith 1856) [=Morphota concinna]BM76
|--L. errans (Turner 1936) [=Gastrosericus errans]C85
|--L. fasciata (Smith 1856) [=*Morphota fasciata]BM76
|--L. formosa (Smith 1859) [=Morphota formosa; incl. *Odontolarra rufiventris Cameron 1900]BM76
|--L. harpactoides (Smith 1856) [=Morphota harpactoides]BM76
|--L. japonica Iwata 1933BM76
| |--L. j. japonicaBM76
| `--L. j. takasago Tsuneki 1967BM76
|--L. madecassa Arnold 1945BM76
|--L. michaelseni Schulz 1908C85
| |--L. m. michaelseniC85
| `--L. m. tasmanica Turner 1914C85
|--L. minima Turner 1936C85
|--L. nigra (Cameron 1904) [=Odontolarra nigra]BM76
|--L. queenslandensis Turner 1916C85
|--L. salai Giner Marí 1945BM76
|--L. taiwana Tsuneki 1967BM76
|--L. tridens (Taschenberg 1870) [=Morphota tridens]BM76
|--L. triloba (Say 1837) [=Lyrops trilobus; incl. Lyrops calipterus Say 1837 (n. n.)]BM76
`--L. venusta Bingham 1897BM76

*Lyroda subita (Say 1837)C85 [=Lyrops (*Lyroda) subitaC85; incl. Larrada arcuata Smith 1856BM76, Lyroda cockerelli Rohwer 1909BM76]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[C85] Cardale, J. C. 1985. Vespoidea and Sphecoidea. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 2. Hymenoptera: Formicoidea, Vespoidea and Sphecoidea pp. 150–303. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.

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