Lyroda

Lyroda subita female with prey, copyright S. R. Johnson.

Belongs within: Crabronidae.

Lyroda is a genus of slender, ground-nesting wasps that provision their nests with crickets of the families Gryllidae and Tetrigidae (Bohart & Menke 1976).

Characters (from Bohart & Menke 1976): Inner orbits essentially parallel or converging above; antenna elongate, scape usually short and stout, flagellomeres longer than broad, those of male unmodified; clypeal free margin with several teeth laterally (and sometimes mesally) in female, margin with a median truncate or weakly toothed lobe in male; labrum quadrangular, apex sometimes visible; inner margin of mandible with two subbasal teeth in female, none in male, externoventral margin notched or angulate in both sexes; mouthparts short; occipital carina incomplete, disappearing short of hypostomal carina; collar moderately long, usually trituberculate dorsally; admedian lines of scutum nearly contiguous or widely separated, propodeum long, dorsal enclosure not defined, dorsum usually with a median longitudinal carina, lateral carina sometimes present; mesopleuron with scrobal sulcus; gaster usually sessile, rarely pedunculate, both sexes with a pygidial plate defined by carinae, surface densely or sparsely covered with short setae; legs long, slender, foreleg with a weak tarsal rake in both sexes, spines few; midcoxae separated, hindcoxae contiguous; hindtibia with two parallel rows of spines, the uppermost borne on a weak ridge, arolia large in both sexes; marginal cell of forewing truncate, appendiculate; three submarginal cells, second submarginal cell four- to six-sided (rarely three-sided), not petiolate, receiving both recurrent veins or first recurrent interstitial; length of hindwing jugal lobe equal to or less than half of anal area; male with volsella well differentiated.

<==Lyroda Say 1837 C85 (see below for synonymy)
    |–*L. subita (Say 1837) C85 (see below for synonymy)
    |–L. aethiopica Kohl 1894 BM76
    |–L. argenteofacialis (Cameron 1889) [=Astata argenteofacialis] BM76
    |–L. concinna (Smith 1856) [=Morphota concinna] BM76
    |–L. errans (Turner 1936) [=Gastrosericus errans] C85
    |–L. fasciata (Smith 1856) [=*Morphota fasciata] BM76
    |–L. formosa (Smith 1859) [=Morphota formosa; incl. *Odontolarra rufiventris Cameron 1900] BM76
    |–L. harpactoides (Smith 1856) [=Morphota harpactoides] BM76
    |–L. japonica Iwata 1933 BM76
    |    |–L. j. japonica BM76
    |    `–L. j. takasago Tsuneki 1967 BM76
    |–L. madecassa Arnold 1945 BM76
    |–L. michaelseni Schulz 1908 C85
    |    |–L. m. michaelseni C85
    |    `–L. m. tasmanica Turner 1914 C85
    |–L. minima Turner 1936 C85
    |–L. nigra (Cameron 1904) [=Odontolarra nigra] BM76
    |–L. queenslandensis Turner 1916 C85
    |–L. salai Giner Marí 1945 BM76
    |–L. taiwana Tsuneki 1967 BM76
    |–L. tridens (Taschenberg 1870) [=Morphota tridens] BM76
    |–L. triloba (Say 1837) [=Lyrops trilobus; incl. Lyrops calipterus Say 1837 (n. n.)] BM76
    `–L. venusta Bingham 1897 BM76

Lyroda Say 1837 C85 [=Lyrodon (l. c.) non Goldfuss 1837 BM76; incl. Morphota Smith 1856 BM76, Odontolarra Cameron 1900 BM76]

*Lyroda subita (Say 1837) C85 [=Lyrops (*Lyroda) subita C85; incl. Larrada arcuata Smith 1856 BM76, Lyroda cockerelli Rohwer 1909 BM76]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[C85] Cardale, J. C. 1985. Vespoidea and Sphecoidea. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 2. Hymenoptera: Formicoidea, Vespoidea and Sphecoidea pp. 150–303. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.

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