Macropodidae

Reconstruction of Wabularoo naughtoni, by Dorothy Dunphy.

Belongs within: Macropodoidea.
Contains: Sthenurinae, Macropodinae.

The Macropodidae includes the larger living wallabies and kangaroos, characterised by the presence of lophodont molars (semilophodont in the fossil Bulungamyinae) (Long et al. 2002).

Characters (from Long et al. 2002): Dental formula I1-3/1 (or 1-2), C0 or 1/0, P2-3/2-3, M1-4/1-4; premolars not as single ridges; molars lophodont (Macropodinae and Sthenurinae) or semilophodont (Bulungamayinae). Calcaneum with rugose surface extending to distal facet (at least in Macropodinae and Sthenurinae, unknown in Bulungamayinae).

<==Macropodidae [Bulungamayinae]
    |--+--Ngamaroo archeriPW10
    |  `--Bulungamayinae [Sthenurini]LA02
    |       |  i. s.: Bulungamaya Flannery, Archer & Plane 1983LA02
    |       |           `--*B. delicata Flannery, Archer & Plane 1983LA02
    |       |         Wabularoo Archer 1979LA02
    |       |           `--*W. naughtoni Archer 1979LA02
    |       |--Nowidgee Cooke 1997PW10, LA02
    |       |    `--*N. matrix Cooke 1997LA02
    |       `--+--+--Ganguroo Cooke 1997PW10, LA02
    |          |  |    `--*G. bilamina Cooke 1997LA02
    |          |  `--+--SthenurinaePW10
    |          |     `--MacropodinaePW10
    |          `--LagostrophinaePW10
    |               |--Lagostrophus fasciatusLA02
    |               `--Troposodon Bartholomai 1967PW10, LA02
    |                    |--*T. minor (Owen 1877)LA02 [=Macropus minorF71, Sthenurus minorF71]
    |                    |--T. bluffensis Bartholomai 1978LA02
    |                    |--T. bowensis Flannery & Archer 1983LA02
    |                    |--T. gurar Flannery & Archer 1983LA02
    |                    `--T. kenti Campbell 1973LA02
    `--Potoroinae [Potoroidae]PW10
         |  i. s.: Gumardee Flannery, Archer & Plane 1983BA12, LA02
         |           `--*G. pascuali Flannery, Archer & Plane 1983LA02
         |         Purtia Case 1984BA12, LA02
         |           `--*P. mosaicus Case 1984LA02
         |         Kyeema mahoneyiBA12
         |         Wakiewakie Woodburne 1984 P99,LA02
         |           `--*W. lawsoni Woodburne 1984LA02
         |--PotorousFS15
         |    |  i. s.: P. morgani Finlayson 1938R64
         |    |--+--P. platyopsFS15
         |    |  `--+--P. gilbertiiFS15 [=P. tridactylus gilbertiBP87]
         |    |     `--P. longipesFS15
         |    `--P. tridactylusFS15
         |         |--P. t. tridactylusF71
         |         |--P. t. antiquus Broom 1896F71
         |         |--P. t. apicalisBP87
         |         `--P. t. benormi Courtney 1963R64
         `--BettonginiP99
              |--+--Caloprymnus campestrisFS15
              |  `--Borungaboodie Prideaux 1999FS15, LA02
              |       `--*B. hatcheri Prideaux 1999LA02
              `--+--+--Aepyprymnus rufescensFS15
                 |  `--Milliyowi Flannery, Rich et al. 1992P99, LA02
                 |       `--*M. bunganditj Flannery, Rich et al. 1992LA02
                 `--+--PropleopinaeLA02
                    |    |--Jackmahoneya Ride 1993LA02
                    |    |    `--*J. toxoniensis Ride 1993LA02
                    |    |--Ekaltadeta Archer & Flannery 1985LA02
                    |    |    |--*E. ima Archer & Flannery 1985LA02
                    |    |    `--E. jamiemulvaneyi Wroe 1996LA02
                    |    `--Propleopus Longman 1924FS15, LA02
                    |         |--*P. oscillans (De Vis 1888)LA02 [=Triclis oscillansF71]
                    |         |--P. chillagoensis Archer, Bartholomai & Marshall 1978LA02
                    |         `--P. wellingtonensis Archer & Flannery 1985LA02
                    `--Bettongia Gray 1837FS15, LA02
                         |  i. s.: B. anhydra Finlayson 1957 [=B. penicillata anhydra]B08
                         |         B. campestris Gould 1843G43
                         |         B. cuniculusS61
                         |         B. moyesi Flannery & Archer 1987LA02
                         |--B. penicillata (Gray 1837)FS15, GM12
                         |    |--B. p. penicillataR64
                         |    `--B. p. francisca Finlayson 1957R64
                         `--+--*B. gaimardi (Desmarest 1822)LA02, FS15, LA02
                            `--+--B. tropicaFS15
                               `--+--B. lesueur (Quoy & Gaimard 1824)FS15, GM12 [=Hypsiprymnus lesueurB90]
                                  |    |--B. l. lesueurB32
                                  |    `--B. l. grayiB32
                                  `--B. pusilla McNamara 1997FS15, LA02
Macropodidae incertae sedis:
  HalmaturusMB66
    |--H. bennettiiMB66
    |--H. binoe Gould 1842G42
    |--H. coxenii Gray 1866G66
    |--H. derbianusMB66
    |--H. dorsalisG66
    |--H. giganteusT99
    |--H. irmaMB66
    |--H. scottii Krefft 1870F71
    |--H. thetidisDV87
    |--H. thomsonii Krefft 1870F71
    |--H. wilcoxiDV87
    `--H. wombeyensis (Broom 1896) [=Macropus (Halmaturus) wombeyensis]F71
  Conoyces Lesson 1842T37
    `--C. hageniT37
         |--C. h. hageniT37
         |--C. h. caurinaT37
         `--C. h. eitape Troughton 1937T37

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B90] Baynes, A. 1990. The mammals of Shark Bay area, Western Australia. In: Berry, P. F., S. D. Bradshaw & B. R. Wilson (eds) Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee pp. 313–325. Western Australian Museum.

[B08] Baynes, A. 2008. The original non-volant land mammal fauna of Faure Island, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 75: 25–31.

[BA12] Black, K. H., M. Archer, S. J. Hand & H. Godthelp. 2012. The rise of Australian marsupials: a synopsis of biostratigraphic, phylogenetic, palaeoecologic and palaeobiogeographic understanding. In: Talent, J. A. (ed.) Earth and Life: Global biodiversity, extinction intervals and biogeographic perturbations through time pp. 983–1078. Springer.

[BP87] Burton, J. A., & B. Pearson. 1987. Collins Guide to the Rare Mammals of the World. Collins: London.

[DV87] De Vis, C. W. 1887. On new or rare vertebrates from the Herbert River, north Queensland. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (4): 1129–1137.

[FS15] Faurby, S., & J.-C. Svenning. 2015. A species-level phylogeny of all extant and late Quaternary extinct mammals using a novel heuristic-hierarchical Bayesian approach. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 14–26.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[GM12] Gibson, L. A., & N. L. McKenzie. 2012. Occurrence of non-volant mammals on islands along the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 15–40.

[G42] Gould, J. 1842. On two new species of kangaroo (Petrogale concinna and Halmaturus binoe). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 57–58.

[G43] Gould, J. 1843. On a new species of kangaroo rat. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 11: 81.

[G66] Gray, J. E. 1866. Notes on some Mammalia from Port Albany (Cape York Peninsula), North Australia, with the descriptions of some new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 219–221.

[LA02] Long, J., M. Archer, T. Flannery & S. Hand. 2002. Prehistoric Mammals of Australia and New Guinea: One Hundred Million Years of Evolution. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[MB66] Murie, J., & A. D. Bartlett. 1866. On the movement of the symphysis of the lower jaw in the kangaroos. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 28–34.

[P99] Prideaux, G. J. 1999. Borungaboodie hatcheri gen. et sp. nov., a very large bettong (Marsupialia: Macropodoidea) from the Pleistocene of southwestern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 57: 317–329.

[PW10] Prideaux, G. J. & N. M. Warburton. 2010. An osteology-based appraisal of the phylogeny and evolution of kangaroos and wallabies (Macropodidae: Marsupialia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 159 (4): 954–987.

[R64] Ride, W. D. L. 1964. A list of mammals described from Australia between the years 1933 and 1963 (comprising newly proposed names and additions to the Australian faunal list). Australian Mammal Society Bulletin 7 (Suppl.): 1–15.

[S61] Sharman, G. B. 1961. The mitotic chromosomes of marsupials and their bearing on taxonomy and phylogeny. Australian Journal of Zoology 9 (1): 38–60.

[T99] Tandler, J. 1899. Zur vergleichenden Anatomie der Kopfarterien bei den Mammalia. Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematische-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, Wien 67: 677–784, pls 1–8.

[T37] Troughton, E. Le G. 1937. Descriptions of some New Guinea mammals. Records of the Australian Museum 20: 117–127.

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