Macrotermitinae

Odontotermes badius, photographed by Wynand Uys.

Belongs within: Rhinotermitidae.

The Macrotermitinae are an group of Old World mound-building or ground-dwelling termites, many of which cultivate the symbiotic wood-rotting fungus Termitomyces. The termites consume the mycelia of the fungus, acquiring nitrogen and more readily digestible cellulose (Grimaldi & Engel 2005). Soldiers of most genera have robust mandibles with a distinct tooth, but Ancistrotermes and Microtermes have more slender mandibles with a less distinct tooth (Ahmad 1950).

<==Macrotermitinae [Macrotermitidae]
    |  i. s.: BellicositermesN55
    |         HypotermesSVT04
    |           |--H. makhamensisSVT04
    |           |--H. obculicepsSVT04
    |           `--H. xenotermitisSVT04 [=Odontotermes (Hypotermes) xenotermitisA50]
    |--PseudacanthotermesIVE07
    |    |--P. militarisN55
    |    `--P. spinigerS57
    `--+--+--Acanthotermes acanthothoraxIVE07
       |  `--MicrotermesIVE07
       |       |--M. calvusA50
       |       |--M. globicolaH79
       |       |--M. obesiSVT04
       |       `--M. vadschaggae [=Termes vadschaggae]S57
       `--+--MacrotermesIVE07
          |    |  i. s.: M. angolensis Noirot 1955N55
          |    |         M. annandaleiSVT04
          |    |         M. bellicosusS57
          |    |         M. carbonariusH79
          |    |         M. chaiglomiSVT04
          |    |         M. estheraeRD77
          |    |         M. falcigerGE05
          |    |         M. gilvusS57
          |    |         M. goliathS57
          |    |         M. maesodensisSVT04
          |    |         M. natalensisS57
          |    |         M. swaziaeS57
          |    |--M. malaccensisIVE07
          |    `--+--M. subhyalinusIVE07
          |       `--+--M. ivorensisIVE07
          |          `--M. lilljeborgiIVE07
          `--+--+--Synacanthotermes heterodonIVE07
             |  `--AllodontotermesIVE07
             |       |--A. rhodesiensisA50
             |       `--A. tenaxIVE07
             `--+--AncistrotermesIVE07
                |    |--A. cavithoraxH79
                |    |--A. cruciferA50
                |    `--A. pakistanicusSVT04
                `--+--ProtermesIVE07
                   |    |--P. minutusIVE07
                   |    `--P. prorepensA50
                   `--+--EuscaiotermesA50
                      `--OdontotermesIVE07
                           |  i. s.: O. angustatus [=Termes angustatus]S57
                           |         O. badiusH79
                           |         O. djampeensisSVT04
                           |         O. feaeSVT04
                           |         O. formosanusMA05a
                           |         O. hainanensisSVT04
                           |         O. horniH79
                           |         O. javanicusS57
                           |         O. kepongensis Manzoor & Akhtar 2005MA05a
                           |         O. kibarensisN55
                           |         O. kistneri Manzoor & Akhtar 2005MA05a
                           |         O. latericusRD77
                           |         O. longignathusSVT04
                           |         O. maesodensisMA05b
                           |         O. matangensis Manzoor & Akhtar 2005MA05a
                           |         O. obesusGE05
                           |         O. oblongathusSVT04
                           |         O. paraoblongatusSVT04
                           |         O. praevalensH79
                           |         O. prewensis Manzoor & Akhtar 2005MA05b
                           |         O. prodivesSVT04
                           |         O. proformosanusMA05a
                           |         O. redemanniS57
                           |         O. sarawakensisMA05a
                           |         O. stercorivorusH79
                           |         O. takensisSVT04
                           |         O. transvaalensisS57
                           |         O. vulgarisS57
                           |         O. wallonensisS57
                           |--O. mathuriIVE07
                           `--+--O. escherichiIVE07
                              `--+--O. ceylonicusIVE07
                                 `--O. obscuricepsS57 [=Hypotermes obscuricepsIVE07]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A50] Ahmad, M. 1950. The phylogeny of termite genera based on imago-worker mandibles. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 95 (2): 37–86.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[H79] Howse, P. E. 1979. The uniqueness of insect societies: Aspects of defense and integration. In: Larwood, G., & B. R. Rosen (eds) Biology and Systematics of Colonial Organisms pp. 345–374. Academic Press: London.

[IVE07] Inward, D. J. G., A. P. Vogler & P. Eggleton. 2007. A comprehensive phylogenetic analysis of termites (Isoptera) illuminates key aspects of their evolutionary biology. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 953–967.

[MA05a] Manzoor, F., & M. S. Akhtar. 2005a. Three new species of termite from Malaysia (Isoptera: Termitidae). Serangga 10 (1–2): 73–82.

[MA05b] Manzoor, F., & M. S. Akhtar. 2005b. A detailed morphometric study of new termite species Odontotermes prewensis n.sp. (Isoptera: Termitidae) from Thailand. Serangga 10 (1–2): 83–92.

[N55] Noirot, C. 1955. Termites du centre et du sud-ouest de l’Angola récoltés par A. de Barros Machado. Diamang Publicações Culturais 27: 139–150.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms’ General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[S57] Seevers, C. H. 1957. A monograph on the termitophilous Staphylinidae (Coleoptera). Fieldiana Zoology 40: 1–334.

[SVT04] Sornnuwat, Y., C. Vongkaluang & Y. Takematsu. 2004. A systematic key to termites of Thailand. Kasetsart Journal of Natural Science 38 (3): 349–368.

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