Liparis viridiflora, copyright Yercaud-elango.

Belongs within: Epidendroideae.

The Malaxideae are a cosmopolitan group of orchids bearing very small, probably fly-pollinated flowers in a terminal inflorescence.

    |    |--O. helferi Hooker 1888BP03
    |    `--O. monstruosaP03
    |    |--M. latifoliaP03
    |    |--M. monophyllaFR99
    |    |    |--M. m. ssp. monophyllaH93
    |    |    `--M. m. ssp. brachypodaH93
    |    |--M. musciferaO88
    |    `--M. unifoliaV72
    |         |--M. u. f. unifoliaV72
    |         `--M. u. f. bifoliaV72
         |--L. capensisERV99
         |--L. foliosaC55
         |--L. gibbosaFR99
         |--L. glossulaO88
         |--L. habenarinaC03
         |--L. liliifoliaV72
         |--L. loeselii V72
         |--L. nervosaFR99
         |--L. viridifloraFR99
         `--L. wrayiiP03

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A86] Atwood, J. T. 1986. The size of the Orchidaceae and the systematic distribution of epiphytic orchids. Selbyana 9: 171–186.

[BP03] Bhaumik, M., & M. K. Pathak. 2003. Oberonia helferi Hook. f. (Orchidaceae)—a new record for India from Dibang Valley, Arunachal Pradesh. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45: 217–220.

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[C03] Clements, M. A. 2003. Molecular phylogenetic systematics in the Dendrobiinae (Orchidaceae), with emphasis on Dendrobium section Pedilonum. Telopea 10 (1): 247–298.

[ERV99] Esler, K. J., P. W. Rundel & P. Vorster. 1999. Biogeography of prostrate-leaved geophytes in semi-arid South Africa: hypotheses on functionality. Plant Ecology 142 (1–2): 105–120.

[FR99] Freudenstein, J. V., & F. N. Rasmussen. 1999. What does morphology tell us about orchid relationships?—a cladistic analysis. American Journal of Botany 86: 225–248.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[O88] Ohba, H. 1988. The alpine flora of the Nepal Himalayas: an introductory note. In: Ohba, H., & S. B. Malla (eds) The Himalayan Plants vol. 1. The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Bulletin 31: 19–46.

[P03] Partomihardjo, T. 2003. Colonisation of orchids on the Krakatau Islands. Telopea 10 (1): 299–310.

[V72] Voss, E. G. 1972. Michigan Flora. Part I. Gymnosperms and Monocots. Cranbrook Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium.

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