Mangifera

Mango Mangifera indica, copyright Fpalli.

Belongs within: Anacardiaceae.

Mangifera is a genus of trees found primarily in lowland rainforest in tropical Asia, including the mango Mangifera indica and related species.

Characters (from Flora of China): Evergreen trees, andro-monoecious with functionally staminate and bisexual flowers in same inflorescence. Leaves petiolate, simple; leaf blade margin entire. Inflorescence a terminal pleiothyrsoid. Flowers small, 4- or 5-merous, with imbricate aestivation. Sepals sometimes united at base. Petals with 1-5 prominent veins adaxially. Stamens 5, free or united with disk basally, usually 1(or 2) noticeably larger. Disk of 5 separate extrastaminal glands. Ovary glabrous, 1-locular, 1-ovulate; style 1, terminal. Fruit drupaceous; mesocarp fleshy or fibrous; endocarp thick and bony, compressed. Embryo 1 to several by polyembryony.

<==MangiferaYH02
    |  i. s.: M. altissimaYH02
    |         M. caesiaYH02
    |         M. kemangaYH02
    |         M. pajangYH02
    |         M. zeylanicaYH02
    |--M. macrocarpaYH02
    |--M. sect. RawaYH02
    |    |--M. griffithiiYH02
    |    `--+--M. gracilipesYH02
    |       `--M. sect. EuantheraeYH02
    |            |--M. caloneuraYH02
    |            `--M. pentandraYH02
    `--+--M. (sect. Euantherae) cochinchinensisYH02
       |--M. subg. Limus sect. PerennisYH02
       |    |--M. foetidaYH02
       |    `--M. odorataYH02 [M. foetida × M. indicaKTG03]
       `--M. sect. MangiferaYH02
            |--+--M. flavaYH02
            |  `--M. (sect. Marchandora) gedebeYH02
            `--+--M. oblongifoliaYH02
               `--+--M. indicaYH02
                  |--M. laurinaYH02
                  `--M. sylvaticaYH02

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[KTG03] Kiew, R., L. L. Teo & Y. Y. Gan. 2003. Assessment of the hybrid status of some Malesian plants using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism. Telopea 10 (1): 225–233.

[YH02] Yonemori, K., C. Honsho, S. Kanzaki, W. Eiadthong & A. Sugiura. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships of Mangifera species revealed by ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA and a possibility of their hybrid origin. Plant Systematics and Evolution 231: 59–75.

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