European praying mantis Mantis religiosa, copyright Charles J. Sharp.

Belongs within: Mantoidea.

The Mantinae are medium-sized to large mantids bearing four discoidal spines on the fore femur (Balderson 1991). Many species exhibit both brown and green forms, including the European mantis Mantis religiosa.

|--Pseudomantis albofimbriataR96
|--Sphodropoda tristisR96
|--Rhodomantis pulchellaR96
|--Acontiothespis eximia (Pascoe 1882) [=Callimantis eximia]R18
|--Angela quinquemaculata (Olivier 1792) [=Mantis quinquemaculata]R18
|--Macromantis ovalifolia (Stoll 1813) [=Mantis ovalifolia]R18
|--Brunneria brasiliensisR15
|--Thesprotia viduaR15
|--Nullabora flavoguttataB91
| |--A. latistylusR96
| `--A. sobrinaB91
| |--T. aridifoliaTW05
| `--T. australasiaeR96
| |--H. (Tamolanica) atricoxisR96
| | |--H. a. atricoxisR96
| | `--H. a. grandisR96
| |--H. crassaK74
| |--H. patellifera (Serville 1838) [incl. H. dispar (Kirby 1900)]JG19
| |--H. saussuriiRD77
| |--H. tamolanaK70
| `--H. venosa Olivier 1792 [incl. Mantis vitrea Stoll 1813, H. vitrea]SB07
`--Mantis Linnaeus 1758L58
|--M. bicornis (Linnaeus 1758) [=Gryllus (Mantis) bicornis]L58
|--M. bimaculata [incl. M. simulacrum]L49
|--M. boeticaL49
|--M. boettingensisZ02
|--M. crenaticollisM62
|--M. faustaL02
|--M. gigas (Linnaeus 1758) [=Gryllus (Mantis) gigas]L58
|--M. gongylodes (Linnaeus 1758) [=Gryllus (Mantis) gongylodes]L58
|--M. octospilotaR96
|--M. oratoria (Linnaeus 1758)L58 [=Gryllus (Mantis) oratoriusL58; incl. M. fenestrataL49]
|--M. paganaL02
|--M. pectinicornisL02
|--M. phthisica (Linnaeus 1758) [=Gryllus (Mantis) phthisicus]L58
|--M. precaria (Linnaeus 1758) [=Gryllus (Mantis) precarius]L58
|--M. protogaeaZ02
|--M. pusillaL02
|--M. religiosa (Linnaeus 1758) [=Gryllus (Mantis) religiosus]L58
|--M. strumaria (Linnaeus 1758) [=Gryllus (Mantis) strumarius]L58
`--M. tricolor (Linnaeus 1758) [=Gryllus (Mantis) tricolor]L58

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B91] Balderson, J. 1991. Mantodea (praying mantids). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 348–356. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[JG19] James, D. J., P. T. Green, W. F. Humphreys & J. C. Z. Woinarski. 2019. Endemic species of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Records of the Western Australian Museum 34 (2): 55–114.

[K70] Key, K. H. L. 1970. Mantodea (praying mantids). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 294–301. Melbourne University Press.

[K74] Key, K. H. L. 1974. Mantodea (praying mantids). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers. Supplement 1974 pp. 40–41.Melbourne University Press.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis revised 10th ed. vol. 1. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[L49] Lucas, H. 1849. Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842 publiée par ordre du gouvernement et avec le concours d’une commission académique. Sciences physiques. Zoologie. II. Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. Troisième partie. Insectes (suite). Imprimerie Nationale: Paris.

[M62] Menke, A. S. 1962. A new genus of digger wasps from South America (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 75: 303–306.

[R15] Rehn, J. A. G. 1915. A further contribution to the knowledge of the Orthoptera of Argentina. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (2): 270–292.

[R18] Rehn, J. A. G. 1918. On a collection of Orthoptera from the State of Pará, Brazil. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 70: 144–236, pls 1–2.

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms’ General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[SB07] Svenson, G. J., & M. A. Branham. 2007. Photinini LeConte, 1881 (Insecta, Coleoptera) and Photininae Giglio-Tos, 1915 (Insecta, Mantodea): proposed resolution of homonymy between family-group names. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 64 (4): 243–251.

[TW05] Terry, M. D., & M. F. Whiting. 2005. Mantophasmatodea and phylogeny of the lower neopterous insects. Cladistics 21: 240–257.

[Z02] Zherikhin, V. V. 2002. Order Mantida Latreille, 1802. The mantises (=Mantodea Burmeister, 1838). In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 273–276. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

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