Scented milk vine Marsdenia suaveolens, copyright Casliber.

Belongs within: Asclepiadoideae.

The Marsdenieae are a clade of asclepiads united by molecular data. They were defined by Sennblad & Bremer (2002) as the most inclusive clade including Marsdenia and Hoya but not Asclepiadeae, Fockeeae or Ceropegieae.

    |--+--‘Marsdenia’ verrucosaTGL-S08
    |  `--Rhyssolobium dumosumTGL-S08
    |--+--Gongronema wallichiiTGL-S08
    |  `--Hoya Br. 1800TGL-S08, L95
    |       |--H. africanaC55
    |       |--H. aldrichii Hemsley 1890JG19
    |       |--H. archboldianaB00
    |       |--H. australisB00
    |       |    |--H. a. ssp. australisLK14
    |       |    `--H. a. ssp. rupicolaLK14
    |       |--H. bellaSB02
    |       |--H. camphorifoliaTGL-S08
    |       |--H. carnosa (L.) Br. 1811 [=Asclepias carnosa L. 1781]L95
    |       |--H. coronariaP88
    |       |--H. cumingianaB00
    |       |--H. imperialisT-W89
    |       |--H. lacunosaT-W89
    |       |--H. macgillivrayiB00
    |       |--H. manipurensisTGL-S08
    |       |--H. pratenseT-W89
    |       `--H. smithiiM03
    |            |--H. s. ssp. smithiiM03
    |            `--H. s. ssp. palniensisM03
    `--+--Cionura erectaTGL-S08
       |    |--T. accedensTGL-S08
       |    `--T. cordataSK02
       |    |--G. inodorumTGL-S08
       |    |--G. khandalenseSR07
       |    |--G. sylvestreP03
       |    |--G. syringifoliumT-W89
       |    `--G. tricholepisF91
       `--Marsdenia Brown 1800TGL-S08, L95
            |--M. angustataLK14
            |--M. australis (Brown) Druce 1917 [=Leichhardtia australis Brown 1849; incl. M. leichhardtiana Mueller 1866]BR65
            |--M. clausaJ87
            |--M. coronataB00
            |--M. elliptica Decne. in DC. 1844L95
            |--M. geminata [=Gymnema geminatum]B00
            |--M. gillespieaeTGL-S08
            |--M. glanduliferaB00
            |--M. graniticolaKM08
            |--M. hemipteraB00
            |--M. micradenia [=Gymnema micradenium]B00
            |--M. microlepisB00
            |--M. pleiadenia [=Gymnema pleiadenium]B00
            |--M. rostrataB00
            |--M. suaveolensB00
            |--M. sylvestrisTGL-S08
            |--M. tenacissimaTGL-S08
            |--M. trinervisLK14
            |--M. velutinaB00
            `--M. viridifloraB00
                 |--M. v. ssp. viridifloraLK14
                 `--M. v. ssp. tropicaLK14
Marsdenieae incertae sedis:
    |--D. astephanaP88
    |--D. benghalensisBB07
    |--D. lanceolataLC02
    |--D. majorP88
    |--D. nummulariaB00 [incl. D. ridleyiP88]
    `--D. rafflesianaN91
  Stephanotis floribundaSB02
  Micholitzia obcordataSB02

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BB07] Baishya, A. K., & P. J. Bora. 2007. Cross community ethno-medico botany of Dibru-Saikhowa Biosphere Reserve, Assam. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 121–154.

[BR65] Black, J. M., & E. L. Robertson. 1965. Flora of South Australia. Part IV. Oleaceae-Compositae. W. L. Hawes, Government Printer: Adelaide.

[B00] Braby, M. F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 2. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 1. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[F91] Forster, P. I. 1991. Host plant records (family Asclepiadaceae) for Pyrausta incoloralis Guenée (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Australian Entomological Magazine 18 (1): 25–26.

[JG19] James, D. J., P. T. Green, W. F. Humphreys & J. C. Z. Woinarski. 2019. Endemic species of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Records of the Western Australian Museum 34 (2): 55–114.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[KM08] Keighery, G. J., & W. Muir. 2008. Vegetation and vascular flora of Faure Island, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 75: 11–19.

[LC02] Långström, E., & M. W. Chase. 2002. Tribes of Boraginoideae (Boraginaceae) and placement of Antiphytum, Echiochilon, Ogastemma and Sericostoma: a phylogenetic analysis based on atpB plastid DNA sequence data. Plant Systematics and Evolution 234: 137–153.

[L95] Liogier, H. A. 1995. Descriptive Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands: Spermatophyta-Dicotyledoneae vol. 4. Melastomataceae to Lentibulariaceae. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[M03] Matthew, K. M. 2003. An integrated programme for local Floras, conservation research and environmental awareness generation in south India. Telopea 10 (1): 73–80.

[N91] Norris, K. R. 1991. General biology. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 68–108. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[P03] Paul, T. K. 2003. Botanical observations on the Purulia pumped storage hydropower project area, Bagmundi Hills, Purulia district, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45: 121–142.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[SR07] Sankar, R. V., K. Ravikumar, N. M. Ganesh Babu & D. K. Ved. 2007. Botany of Anapady MPCA, Palghat district, Kerala with special emphasis on species of conservation concern. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 165–172.

[SB02] Sennblad, B., & B. Bremer. 2002. Classification of Apocynaceae s.l. according to a new approach combining Linnaean and phylogenetic taxonomy. Systematic Biology 51 (3): 389–409.

[SK02] Struwe, L., J. W. Kadereit, J. Klackenberg, S. Nilsson, M. Thiv, K. B. von Hagen & V. A. Albert. 2002. Systematics, character evolution, and biogeography of Gentianaceae, including a new tribal and subtribal classification. In: Struwe, L., & V. A. Albert (eds) Gentianaceae: Systematics and Natural History pp. 21–309. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

[T-W89] Tenison-Woods, J. E. 1889. On the vegetation of Malaysia. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 4 (1): 9–106, pls 1–9.

[TGL-S08] Thulin, M., D. Goyder & S. Liede-Schumann. 2008. Cibirhiza spiculata (Apocynaceae), a remarkable new species from eastern Ethiopia. Kew Bulletin 63 (4): 617–624.

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