Marthana

Dorsal and lateral views of ‘Eumarthana’ idjena, from Roewer (1955).

Belongs within: Sclerosomatidae.

Marthana is a genus of sclerosomatid harvestmen from southern Asia characterised by the presence of a single enlarged median cone or basally inflated spine on the dorsal scutum (Suzuki 1985).

<==Marthana Thorell 1891 (see below for synonymy)C92
    |--*M. turrita Thorell 1891C92
    |--M. affinis Banks 1930R55
    |--‘*Marthanola’ aurata Roewer 1955C92
    |--M. bakeri Roewer 1955R55
    |--M. balabacana Suzuki 1977S77
    |--‘Marthenella’ beharensis Roewer 1955R55
    |--‘Eumarthana’ birmanica Roewer 1955R55
    |--M. cerata (Roewer 1912) [=*Metamarthana cerata]C92
    |--M. columnaris Thorell 1891 [incl. M. vestita With 1905, *Eumarthana vestita]C92
    |--M. cornifer Loman 1906 [=Promarthana cornifer]R55
    |--M. cuspidata Loman 1892 [=*Promarthana cuspidata]C92
    |--M. ferruginea (Roewer 1911) [=Marthanella ferruginea]S85
    |--M. furcata Banks 1930 [=Marthanella furcata]R55
    |--M. fusca (Roewer 1912)R55 [=Metamarthana fuscaC92]
    |--‘Eumarthana’ idjena Roewer 1955R55
    |--‘Marthanella’ moluccana Roewer 1955R55
    |--M. negrosensis (Roewer 1955)S77, R55 [=Eumarthana negrosensisR55]
    |--M. nigerrima (Müller 1916) [=*Heteromarthana nigerrima]C92
    |    |--M. n. nigerrimaS77
    |    `--M. n. culionica Suzuki 1977S77
    |--‘Marthanella’ niveata Roewer 1955R55
    |--M. pagonota Crawford 1992 [=*Marthanella turrita Roewer 1910 non Marthana turrita Thorell 1891]C92
    |--‘Marthanella’ perspicillata Roewer 1911R55
    |--M. sarasinorum Roewer 1913 [=Promarthana sarasinorum]R55
    |--‘Marthanella’ scripta Roewer 1955R55
    `--M. siamensis (Roewer 1955) [=*Marthanessa siamensis]C92

Marthana Thorell 1891 [incl. Eumarthana Roewer 1910, Heteromarthana Müller 1916, Marthanella Roewer 1910, Marthanessa Roewer 1955, Marthanola Roewer 1955, Metamarthana Roewer 1912, Promarthana Roewer 1955; Marthaneae]C92

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[C92] Crawford, R. L. 1992. Catalogue of the genera and type species of the harvestman superfamily Phalangioidea (Arachnida). Burke Museum Contributions in Anthropology and Natural History 8: 1–60.

[R55] Roewer, C. F. 1955. Indoaustralische Gagrellinae (Opiliones, Arachnidae). (Weitere Weberknechte XVIII). 3. Teil. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36 (1–2): 71–121.

[S77] Suzuki, S. 1977. Report on a collection of opilionids from the Phillippines. Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University, Series B, Division 1 (Zoology) 27 (1): 1–120.

[S85] Suzuki, S. 1985. A synopsis of the Opiliones of Thailand (Arachnida) II. Palpatores. Steenstrupia 11 (7): 209–257.

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