Melobasis purpurascens, copyright John Eichler.

Belongs within: Buprestinae.

The Melanophilini are a group of jewel beetles with a partially coriaceous mentum and posteriorly sinuate prothorax (Bellamy & Nelson 2002).

Characters (from Bellamy & Nelson 2002): Antennae with sensory foveae placed on distal surface of antennomeres; antennal grooves open anteriorly; frons not contracted by insertion of antennae; epistoma without broad lateral lobes; mentum coriaceous in front; prothorax sinuate at posterior margin; punctation of pronotum simple; prosternum obtusely angulate behind coxae; scutellum small, visible; metacoxal plates distinctly dilated medially, mostly cut off laterally by prolongation of abdomen, with anterior margin rather straight, posterior margin oblique; protibia with two spurs.

<==Melanophilini [Melanophilina]B14
    |--Exagistus Deyrolle 1864B85
    |--Montouzieretta Obenberger 1924B85
    |--Theryaxia Carter 1928B85
    |--Chalcogenia Thomson 1879B85
    |--Xenomelanophila Sloop 1937BN02
    |    `--X. miranda (LeConte 1854)BN02
    |--Phaenops Dejean 1833B85, BN02
    |    `--P. cyaneaC01
    |--Torresita Gemminger & Herold 1869 [incl. Plagiope Saunders 1868]B85
    |    |--T. chrysochloris [=Buprestis chrysochloris]Mas86
    |    `--T. cuprifera [=Buprestis cuprifera, Anthaxia cuprifera; incl. T. chrysoptera]Mas86
    |--Melanophila Eschscholtz 1829BN02 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--M. acuminata (Degeer 1774)B14
    |    |--M. drummondiS96
    |    `--M. fulvoguttataS96
    `--Melobasis Laporte & Gory 1837 [incl. Abrobapta Dejean 1837]B85
         |  i. s.: M. apicalis Macleay 1872Mas86
         |         M. azureipennis Macleay 1872Mas86
         |         M. chrysopteraMas86
         |         M. costata Macleay 1872Mas86
         |         M. cupreovittataMas86
         |         M. cupriceps [incl. M. iridescens, M. viridinitens]Mas86
         |         M. cyanipennis Bohem. 1858Mas86
         |         M. dilatataMas86
         |         M. gloriosaB14
         |         M. hypocrita Erichs. 1842Mas86
         |         M. ignicepsMas86
         |         M. laetaMas86
         |         M. lathamiMas86
         |         M. metalliferaMas86
         |         M. nervosaMas86
         |         M. obscura Macleay 1872Mas86
         |         M. prisca Erichs. 1842Mas86
         |         M. propinquaMas86
         |         M. purpurascens [incl. M. purpureosignata]Mas86
         |         M. pyritosa Hope 1846Mas86
         |         M. regalis Carter 1923B14
         |           |--M. r. regalisB14
         |           `--M. r. carnabyorumB14
         |         M. rubromarginataMas86
         |         M. saundersi Masters 1886Mas86
         |         M. sexplagiataMas86
         |         M. simplex Germ. 1848Mas86
         |         M. splendida [=Anthaxia splendida]Mas86
         |         M. suaveola Germ. 1848Mas86
         |         M. superba [=Anthaxia superba]Mas86
         |         M. suturalis Macleay 1886Mac86
         |         M. verna Hope 1846Mas86
         |         M. viridicepsMas86
         |         M. viridisMas86
         |--M. (Briseis Kerremans 1893 non Salisb. 1866 [ICBN])B85
         |    `--‘Briseis’ conicaMas86
         |--M. (Dicercopygus Deyrolle 1864)B85
         `--M. (Paramelobasis Thery 1923)B85

Melanophila Eschscholtz 1829BN02 [incl. Apatura Laporte & Gory 1838BN02, Diana Laporte & Gory 1839B85, Oxypteris Kirby 1837B85, Trachypteris Kirby 1837B85]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B85] Bellamy, C. L. 1985. A catalogue of the higher taxa of the family Buprestidae (Coleoptera). Navorsinge van die Nasionale Museum Bloemfontein 4 (15): 405–472.

[BN02] Bellamy, C. L., & G. H. Nelson. 2002. Buprestidae Leach 1815. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 98–112. CRC Press.

[B14] Bouchard, P. (ed.) 2014. The Book of Beetles: A lifesize guide to six hundred of nature’s gems. Ivy Press: Lewes (United Kingdom).

[C01] Csiki, E. 1901. Bogarak [Coleopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 75–120. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[Mac86] Macleay, W. 1886. The insects of the Fly River, New Guinea, “Coleoptera”. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 136–157.

[Mas86] Masters, G. 1886. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of Australia. Part III. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (1): 21–126.

[S96] Smith, D. R. 1996. Aulacidae (Hymenoptera) in the mid-Atlantic states, with a key to species of eastern North America. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 98 (2): 274–291.

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