Female common turkey Meleagris gallopavo with chicks, copyright Kevin Cole.

Belongs within: Phasianidae.

The Meleagridinae, turkeys, are a small group of North American gamebirds with featherless heads and necks and a metallic gloss over much of the plumage. The common turkey Meleagris gallopavo is widely farmed as a source of meat. Males bear large red wattles on the head that become engorged with blood when displaying. The ocellated turkey Agriocharis ocellata, found in Central America, is smaller than M. gallopavo and has eyespot markings on the tail feathers.

<==Meleagridinae [Galloparinae, Gallopavoninae, Meleagrididae, Meleagridoidea]CC10
    |--Agriocharis ocellataL81
    |--Parapavo californicusFP64
    `--Meleagris Linnaeus 1758CC10 [=Galloparus Chenu & des Murs 1854B94, Gallopavo Brisson 1760B94]
         |--*M. gallopavo Linnaeus 1758CC10
         |    |--M. g. gallopavoL81
         |    |--M. g. intermediaL81
         |    |--M. g. merriamiL81
         |    |--M. g. mexicanaL81
         |    |--M. g. onustaRN72
         |    |--M. g. osceolaRN72
         |    `--M. g. silvestrisL81
         |--M. cristata Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--M. leopoldiFP64
         |--M. ocellataZJM03
         `--M. satyra Linnaeus 1758L58

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[L81] Long, J. L. 1981. Introduced Birds of the World: The worldwide history, distribution and influence of birds introduced to new environments. Reed: Sydney.

[RN72] Rutgers, A., & K. A. Norris (eds) 1972. Encyclopaedia of Aviculture vol. 1. London, Blandford Press.

[ZJM03] Zeffer, A., L. C. Johansson & Å. Marmebro. 2003. Functional correlation between habitat use and leg morphology in birds (Aves). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 79: 461–484.


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