Melectini

Neon cuckoo bee Thyreus nitidulus, copyright Vengolis.

Belongs within: Apidae.

The Melectini are kleptoparasitic bees lacking a scopa and with apically papillate wings.

<==Melectini [Melectidae]CSD10
    |  i. s.: Protomelecta Cockerell 1908E01
    |           `--*P. brevipennis Cockerell 1908E01
    |         CallomelectaM65
    |         Pseudomelecta mirandaR35
    |--TetralonioidellaCSD10
    `--+--Zacosmia maculata (Cresson 1879)CSD10
       `--+--+--Xeromelecta californica (Cresson 1878)CSD10
          |  `--Melecta Latreille 1802CSD10, L02
          |       |--M. albifrons (Forster 1771)CSD10
          |       |--M. armataR35
          |       |--M. grandisL49
          |       |--M. histrio [=Nomada histrio]L02
          |       |--M. luctuosaA83
          |       |--M. mediterraneaR35
          |       |--M. mirandaC01
          |       |--M. nigraR26
          |       |--M. plurinotataL49
          |       `--M. punctataL02 [=Apis punctataL02, Nomada (Melecta) punctata non Fabricius 1793G20]
          `--Thyreus Panzer 1806CSD10, M65 [=Crocisa Jurine 1807M65, Crocissa Panzer 1806M65]
               |--*T. scutellaris (Fabricius 1781)M65 (see below for synonymy)
               |--T. abbottiiG17
               |--‘Crocisa’ abdominalisR44
               |--T. caeruleopunctatus (Blanchard 1840) (see below for synonymy)M65
               |--T. delumbatus (Vachal 1903)CSD10
               |--T. frieseanus (Cockerell 1906) (see below for synonymy)M65
               |--‘Crocisa’ histrioR35
               |--T. lugubris (Smith 1879) (see below for synonymy)M65
               |--T. macleayi (Cockerell 1907) (see below for synonymy)M65
               |--T. nitidulus (Fabricius 1804) [=Melecta nitidula]M65
               |    |--T. n. nitidulusM65 (see below for synonymy)
               |    |--T. n. aspasius Lieftinck 1959M65
               |    |--T. n. gemmatus (Cockerell 1911) [=Crocisa gemmata]M65
               |    |--T. n. pulchellus (Guérin-Méneville 1835) (see below for synonymy)M65
               |    `--T. n. verticalis (Cockerell 1909) (see below for synonymy)M65
               |--T. novaehollandiae (Lepeletier 1841) [=Crocisa novaehollandiae]M65
               |    |--T. n. novaehollandiaeM65
               |    `--T. n. amboinensis (Radoszkowski 1893) (see below for synonymy)M65
               |--T. orbatusPK17
               |--‘Crocisa’ pernitidaR44
               |--T. quadrimaculatus (Radoszkowski 1893) [=Crocisa quadrimaculata]M65
               |--T. quadrinotatus (Radoszkowski 1893) [=Crocisa quadrinotata]M65
               |--T. quartinae (Gribodo 1884) [=Crocisa quartinae]M65
               |--‘Crocisa’ ramosaL49
               |--T. rotundatus (Friese 1905) [=Crocisa rotundata; incl. C. albifrons Rayment 1931, Thyreus albifrons]M65
               |--T. rufitarsus (Rayment 1931) [=Crocisa rufitarsa]M65
               |--T. sicarius Lieftinck 1962 [incl. T. albolateralis Lieftinck 1962]M65
               |--T. tinctus (Cockerell 1905) [=Crocisa tincta]M65
               |--T. wallacei (Cockerell 1905) [=Crocisa wallacei]M65
               `--T. waroonensis (Cockerell 1913) [=Crocisa waroonensis]M65

Thyreus caeruleopunctatus (Blanchard 1840) [=Crocisa caeruleopunctata; incl. C. australensis Radoszkowski 1893, Thyreus australensis]M65

Thyreus frieseanus (Cockerell 1906) [=Crocisa frieseana; incl. C. atra Friese 1905 non Jurine 1807, C. mocsaryi Friese 1909, Thyreus mocsaryi]M65

Thyreus lugubris (Smith 1879) [=Crocisa lugubris; incl. C. albopicta Cockerell 1910, Thyreus albopictus, C. turneri Friese 1905, T. turneri]M65

Thyreus macleayi (Cockerell 1907) [=Crocisa macleayi; incl. C. albomaculata Smith 1868 non de Geer 1778, C. albovittata Friese 1912, Thyreus albovittatus, C. pleurinotata Meyer 1921, T. pleurinotatus]M65

Thyreus nitidulus nitidulus (Fabricius 1804)M65 [incl. Crocisa beatissima Cockerell 1907M65, T. beatissimusM65, C. caeruleifrons Kirby 1883M65, T. caeruleifronsM65, C. caeruleifrons var. darwini Cockerell 1905R35, M65, T. darwiniM65, C. lamprosoma Boisduval 1835M65, T. lamprosomusM65, C. omissa Cockerell 1919M65, T. omissusM65]

Thyreus nitidulus pulchellus (Guérin-Méneville 1835) [=Crocisa pulchella; incl. C. emarginata Lepeletier 1941, Thyreus emarginatus]M65

Thyreus nitidulus verticalis (Cockerell 1909) [=Crocisa verticalis; incl. C. radoszkowskyi Dusmet y Alonso 1915, Thyreus radoszkowskyi]M65

Thyreus novaehollandiae amboinensis (Radoszkowski 1893) [=Crocisa amboinensis; incl. C. nana Friese 1905, Thyreus nanus, C. nigrescens Friese 1905, T. nigrescens]M65

*Thyreus scutellaris (Fabricius 1781)M65 [=Nomada scutellarisM65, *Crocisa scutellarisM65, *Crocissa scutellarisM65, Melecta scutellarisL02]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A83] Adolph, E. 1883. Zur Morphologie der Hymenopterenflügel. Zugleich ein Beitrag zu den Fragen der Speciesbildung und des Atavismus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlichen Leopoldinisch-Carolinischen Deutschen Akademie der Naturforscher [Nova Acta Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Germanicae Naturae Curiosorum] 46 (2): 41–132, pls 1–6.

[CSD10] Cardinal, S., J. Straka & B. N. Danforth. 2010. Comprehensive phylogeny of apid bees reveals the evolutionary origins and antiquity of cleptoparasitism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 107 (37): 16207–16211.

[C01] Cockerell, T. D. A. 1901. Contributions from the New Mexico Biological Station.—X. Observations on bees collected at Las Vegas, New Mexico, and in the adjacent mountains. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 125–131.

[E01] Engel, M. S. 2001. A monograph of the Baltic amber bees and evolution of the Apoidea (Hymenoptera). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 259: 1–192.

[G17] Girault, A. A. 1917. New chalcid flies. Privately published (reprinted: Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 72–77).

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle des Fourmis, et recueil de mémoires et d’observations sur les abeilles, les araignées, les faucheurs, et autres insectes. Théophile Barrois père: Paris.

[L49] Lucas, H. 1849. Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842 publiée par ordre du gouvernement et avec le concours d’une commission académique. Sciences physiques. Zoologie. II. Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. Troisième partie. Insectes (suite). Imprimerie Nationale: Paris.

[M65] Michener, C. D. 1965. A classification of the bees of the Australian and South Pacific regions. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 130: 1–362.

[PK17] Peters, R. S., L. Krogmann, C. Mayer, A. Donath, S. Gunkel, K. Meusemann, A. Kozlov, L. Podsiadlowski, M. Petersen, R. Lanfear, P. A. Diez, J. Heraty, K. M. Kjer, S. Klopfstein, R. Meier, C. Polidori, T. Schmitt, S. Liu, X. Zhou, T. Wappler, J. Rust, B. Misof & O. Niehuis. 2017. Evolutionary history of the Hymenoptera. Current Biology 27 (7): 1013–1018.

[R35] Rayment, T. 1935. A Cluster of Bees: Sixty essays on the life-histories of Australian bees, with specific descriptions of over 100 new species. Endeavour Press: Sydney.

[R44] Rayment, T. 1944. A critical revision of species in the zonata group of Anthophora by new characters (part I). Dobutu Gaku—Iho 1 (1): 1–33.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *