Meliphaga

Yellow-spotted honeyeater Meliphaga notata, photographed by David & Diane Armbrust.

Belongs within: Meliphagidae.

Meliphaga is a genus of honeyeaters found from Indonesia to northern and eastern Australia. Members of this genus have prevailingly uniform olive-green plumage marked only by rounded flavonoid ear plumes and gape stripes (Schodde & Mason 1999).

<==Meliphaga Lewin 1808 [incl. Ptilotis Swainson 1837; Ptilotidae]B94
    |--+--M. aruensisBKB15
    |  `--M. notataBKB15 [=Ptilotis notataR87]
    |       |--M. n. notataM03
    |       `--M. n. mixtaM03
    `--+--M. lewiniiBKB15 [=Ptilotis lewiniiN87]
       |    |--M. l. lewiniiM03
       |    |--M. l. amphochloraM03
       |    |--M. l. mabM03
       |    `--M. l. neaM03
       `--+--+--+--M. albonotataBKB15
          |  |  `--M. gracilis (Gould 1866)JT12, G66a [=Ptilotis gracilisG66a]
          |  |       |--M. g. gracilisM03
          |  |       `--M. g. imitatrixM03
          |  `--+--M. analogaJT12
          |     `--M. orientalisJT12
          `--+--+--M. cinereifronsBKB15
             |  `--+--M. mimikaeBKB15
             |     `--M. montanaJT12
             `--+--M. flavirictusJT12
                `--+--M. reticulataJT12
                   `--+--M. albilineataJT12
                      `--M. fordiana Schodde 1989BKB15, PCC13 [=M. albilineata fordianaM03]
Meliphaga incertae sedis:
  ‘Ptilotis’ auricomisCH89
  M. cassidixA61 [=Ptilotis cassidixG66b]
  ‘Ptilotis’ chrysopsCH89
  ‘Ptilotis’ chrysotisG66a
  M. cratitia (Gould 1840) (see below for synonymy)WS48
  M. fasciogularisFJO08
  ‘Ptilotis’ flava Gould 1842G42
  M. flavescens (Gould 1839) [=Ptilotis flavescens; incl. P. flavescens wyndhami Mathews 1912]WS48
  ‘Ptilotis’ fuscaN87
  M. keartlandi (North 1895) (see below for synonymy)WS48
  M. leucotis (Latham 1801)WS48 (see below for synonymy)
  M. ornata (Gould 1838) (see below for synonymy)WS48
  M. penicillata Gould 1837WS48 (see below for synonymy)
  M. phrygiaCH89
  M. plumula (Gould 1841) (see below for synonymy)WS48
  ‘Ptilotis’ similisG66a
  ‘Ptilotis’ sonoraR87
  M. unicolorSJ85
  ‘Ptilotis’ versicolor Gould 1842G42
  M. vicinaJT12
  M. virescens (Vieillot 1817) (see below for synonymy)WS48

Meliphaga cratitia (Gould 1840) [=Ptilotis cratitius; incl. Lichenostomus occidentalis Cabanis 1851, P. cratitia stirlingi Mathews 1912]WS48

Meliphaga keartlandi (North 1895) [=Ptilotis keartlandi; incl. Sacramela keartlandi cloatesensis Mathews 1923, P. keartlandi mungi Mathews 1912]WS48

Meliphaga leucotis (Latham 1801)WS48 [=Turdus leucotisWS48, Ptilotis leucotisCH89; incl. P. novaenorciae Milligan 1904WS48, Nesoptilotis leucotis woolundra Mathews 1922WS48]

Meliphaga ornata (Gould 1838) [=Ptilotis ornatus; incl. P. ornata munna Mathews 1912, P. ornata wesleydalei Mathews 1913]WS48

Meliphaga penicillata Gould 1837WS48 [=Ptilotis penicillataCH89; incl. P. penicillata calconi Mathews 1912WS48, P. carteri Campbell 1899WS48, P. geraldtonensis Ashby 1921WS48, P. penicillata ladasi Mathews 1912WS48]

Meliphaga plumula (Gould 1841) [=Ptilotis plumulus; incl. P. chrysotis andersoni Mathews 1912, P. planasi Campbell 1910]WS48

Meliphaga virescens (Vieillot 1817) [=Melithreptus virescens; incl. Ptilotis sonora broomei Mathews 1912, Meliphaga virescens glauerti Mathews 1942, Meliphaga virescens hartogi Mathews 1920, P. insularis Milligan 1911, Meliphaga virescens lewisi Mathews 1942, Meliphaga virescens lipferti Mathews 1942, P. sonora murchisoni Mathews 1912, Meliphaga vittata Bonaparte 1854]WS48

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A61] Austin, O. L., Jr. 1961. Birds of the World: A survey of the twenty-seven orders and one hundred and fifty-five families. Paul Hamlyn: London.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[CH89] Cox, J. D., & A. G. Hamilton. 1889. A list of the birds of the Mudgee district, with notes on their habits, etc. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 4 (2): 395–424.

[FJO08] Fleischer, R. C., H. F. James & S. L. Olson. 2008. Convergent evolution of Hawaiian and Australo-Pacific honeyeaters from distant songbird ancestors. Current Biology 18: 1–5.

[G42] Gould, J. 1842. Descriptions of thirty new species of birds from Australia. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 131–140.

[G66a] Gould, J. 1866a. Additions to the list of the avifauna of Australia, with descriptions of three new species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 217–218.

[G66b] Gould, J. 1866b. Exhibition of Ptilotis cassidix, and other rare Australian species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 558.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[N87] North, A. J. 1887. List of references to authentic descriptions of Australian birds’ eggs. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (4): 1163–1174.

[PCC13] Pearson, D. J., M. A. Cowan & W. Caton. 2013. The avifauna of larger islands along the Kimberley coast, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 125–144.

[R87] Ramsay, E. P. 1887. List of Western Australian birds collected by Mr. Cairn, and Mr. W. H. Boyer-Bower, at Derby and its vicinity, with remarks on the species. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (4): 1085–1100.

Schodde, R., & I. J. Mason. 1999. The Directory of Australian Birds: Passerines. CSIRO.

[SJ85] Storr, G. M., & R. E. Johnstone. 1985. Field Guide to the Birds of Western Australia 2nd ed. Western Australian Museum: Perth (Australia).

[WS48] Whittell, H. M., & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1–126.

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