Menoponidae

Colpocephalum fregili, copyright Natural History Museum, London.

Belongs within: Phthiraptera.

The Menoponidae are a diverse group of lice parasitic on birds.

Characters (from Richards & Davies 1977): Antennae four- or five-segmented, with 2 coeloconic sensilla on fourth or fourth and fifth segments; maxillary palps four-segmented; labial palps present, with five distal setae; pro-, meso- and metanota separate; mid and hind legs each with two tarsal claws; six pairs of spiracles on third to eighth abdominal segments; first abdominal tergum not fused with metanotum.

<==Menoponidae GE05
|–Megamenopon rasnitsyni GE05
|–Dennyus Neumann 1906 GE05, BP04
|–Menacanthus Neumann 1912 HPP80
|    |–M. eurysternus (Burmeister 1838) HPP80
|    `–M. stramineus (Nitzsch 1818) [=Eomenacanthus stramineus] T62
|–Kelerimenopon CM91
|–Actornithophilus patellatus RD77, A71
|–Austromenopon Bedford 1939 HPP80
|    |–A. atrofulvum (Piaget 1880) HPP80
|    |–A. bulleri Price & Clay 1972 HPP80
|    |–A. elliotti Timmermann 1954 HPP80
|    |–A. lutescens A71
|    |–A. navigans (Kellogg 1896) HPP80
|    |–A. paululum (Kellogg & Chapman 1899) HPP80
|    |–A. pinguis (Kellogg 1896) HPP80
|    `–A. stammeri Timmermann 1963 HPP80
|–Myrsidea cucularis RD77
|–Hohorstiella Eichler 1940 N91, T62
|    `–H. lata N91
|–Menopon CM91
|    |–M. bucerotis Kellogg 1908 K08
|    |–M. crocatum K08
|    |–M. eulasius Kellogg 1908 K08
|    |–M. forcipatum K08
|    |–M. gallinae CM91
|    |–M. pallidum RD77
|    |–M. plegadis A71
|    `–M. titan K08
|–Ancistrona Westwood 1874 HPP80
|–Longimenopon Thompson 1948 HPP80
`–Colpocephalum CM91
|–C. eucarenum K08
|–C. extraneum K08
|–C. falconii Carriker 1963 S69
|–C. fregili CM91
|–C. gracile K08
|–C. grandiceps K08
|–C. heterosoma Piaget 1880 PJ02
|–C. miandrium Kellogg 1908 K08
|–C. oreas Kellogg 1908 K08
|–C. salimalii Clay 1951 PJ02
|–C. semicinctum K08
|–C. sjoestedti Kellogg 1908 K08
|–C. subaequale K08
|–C. trochioxum K08
|–C. turbinatum CM91
|–C. veratrum Kellogg 1908 K08
`–C. xenicum Kellogg 1908 K08

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[BP04] Banks, J. C., & A. M. Paterson. 2004. A penguin-chewing louse (Insecta: Phthiraptera) phylogeny derived from morphology. Invertebrate Systematics 18: 89–100.

[CM91] Calaby, J. H., & M. D. Murray. 1991. Phthiraptera (lice). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers vol. 1 pp. 421–428. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[HPP80] Horning, D. S., R. L. Palma & R. L. C. Pilgrim. 1980. The lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) from the Snares Islands, New Zealand. National Museum of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series 3: 1–17.

[K08] Kellogg, V. L. 1908. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Zoologischen Expedition nach dem Kilimandjaro, dem Meru und den Umgebenden Massaisteppen Deutsch-Ostafrikas 1905–1906 vol. 3 section 15. Corrodentia pt 4. Mallophaga. Almqvist & Wiksells Boktryckeri-A. B.: Uppsala.

[N91] Norris, K. R. 1991. General biology. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 68–108. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[PJ02] Palma, R. L., A. R. Johnson, F. Cezilly, F. Thomas & F. Renard. 2002. Diversity and distribution of feather lice on greater flamingoes (Phoenicopterus ruber roseus) in the Camargue, sothern France. New Zealand Entomologist 25: 87–89.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms’ General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[S69] Steyskal, G. C. 1969. The mistreatment of the Latin genitive case in forming names of parasites. Systematic Zoology 18 (3): 339–342.

[T62] Tendeiro, J. 1962. Estudos sobre malófagos: Revisão monográfica do género Columbicola Ewing (Ischnocera, Philopteridae). Memórias da Junta de Investigações do Ultramar, ser. 2, 32: 7–460.

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