Metopilio sp., copyright Alfredo Eloisa.

Belongs within: Phalangioidea.

Metopilio is a genus of long-legged harvestmen found in Central America, characterised by the presence of a paired longitudinal row of denticles running down the dorsum of the opisthosoma.

Characters (from Roewer 1923): Eyemound small, normal, as long as broad and high, with a median longitudinal furrow, dorsally smooth or granulate, positioned about its own length distant from anterior margin of carapace. Carapace in front of eyemound unarmed, armed, or raised in a mound. Tergites of opisthosoma each with a pair of distinctly prominent spines. Supracheliceral lamellae smooth. Chelicerae and pedipalps normal in both male and female; patella and tibia of pedipalp without apophysis. Legs long and thin. Secondary sexual dimorphism sometimes expressed in enlargement of leg I of male.

<==Metopilio Roewer 1911C92
    |--*M. armiger (Pickard-Cambridge 1905) [=Phalangium armigerum, M. armigerum, M. armigerus]KM20
    |--M. acanthipes (Cambridge 1904) [=Phalangium acanthipes]R23
    |--M. albispinulatus Goodnight & Goodnight 1944GG45
    |--M. armatus Goodnight & Goodnight 1953GG53
    |--M. australis (Banks 1909) [=Mitopus australis]C92
    |--M. cambridgei Mello-Leitão 1944CH18 [=Phalangium horridum Pickard-Cambridge 1905 non Panzer 1794CH18, M. horridusR23]
    |--M. diazi Goodnight & Goodnight 1945GG45
    |--M. foveolatus Roewer 1956R56
    |--‘Opilio’ gertschi Roewer 1956S03
    |--M. hispidus Roewer 1915GG45
    |--M. maculatipes (Pickard-Cambridge 1905) [=Phalangium maculatipes]CH18
    |--‘Opilio’ mexicanus Roewer 1956S03
    |--M. multispinulatus Goodnight & Goodnight 1944GG44
    |--M. niger Goodnight & Goodnight 1942GG42
    |--M. ornatipes (Banks 1909) [=Phalangium ornatipes]R23
    |--M. spinigerus (Pickard-Cambridge 1905) [=Phalangium spinigerum]CH18
    `--M. spinulatus (Banks 1898) [=Leptobunus spinulatus, Diguetinus spinulatus, Hadrobunus spinulatus]C84

*Type species of generic name indicated


[C84] Cokendolpher, J. C. 1984. Revision of the harvestman genus Leptobunus and dismantlement of the Leptobunidae (Arachnida: Opiliones: Palpatores). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 92 (4): 371–402.

[CH18] Cokendolpher, J. C., & R. G. Holmberg. 2018. Harvestmen of the family Phalangiidae (Arachnida, Opiliones) in the Americas. Special Publications, Museum of Texas Tech University 67: 1–44.

[C92] Crawford, R. L. 1992. Catalogue of the genera and type species of the harvestman superfamily Phalangioidea (Arachnida). Burke Museum Contributions in Anthropology and Natural History 8: 1–60.

[GG42] Goodnight, C. J., & M. L. Goodnight. 1942. Phalangida from Mexico. American Museum Novitates 1211: 1–18.

[GG44] Goodnight, C. J., & M. L. Goodnight. 1944. More Phalangida from Mexico. American Museum Novitates 1249: 1–13.

[GG45] Goodnight, C. J., & M. L. Goodnight. 1945. Additional Phalangida from Mexico. American Museum Novitates 1281: 1–17.

[GG53] Goodnight, C. J., & M. L. Goodnight. 1953. The opilionid fauna of Chiapas, Mexico, and adjacent areas (Arachnoidea, Opiliones). American Museum Novitates 1610: 1–81.

[KM20] Kury, A. B., A. C. Mendes, L. Cardoso, M. S. Kury & A. A. Granado. 2020. WCO-Lite: Online world catalogue of harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones). Version 1.0—Checklist of all valid nomina in Opiliones with authors and dates of publication up to 2018. Published by the author: Rio de Janeiro.

[R23] Roewer, C.-F. 1923. Die Weberknechte der Erde: Systematische Bearbeitung der bisher bekannnten Opiliones. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

[R56] Roewer, C. F. 1956. Über Phalangiinae (Phalangiidae, Opiliones Palpatores). (Weitere Weberknechte XIX). Senckenbergiana Biologica 37 (3–4): 247–318.

[S03] Staręga, W. 2003. On the identity and synonymies of some Asiatic Opilioninae (Opiliones: Phalangiidae). Acta Arachnologica 52 (2): 91–102.

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