Micrococcaceae

Gram-stain micrograph of Kocuria rosea, from Purty et al. (2013).

Belongs within: Actinobacteria.
Contains: Arthrobacter.

The Micrococcaceae are a clade of Gram-positive, aerobic to facultatively anaerobic cocci.

<==MicrococcaceaeGH01a
    |--Stomatococcus mucilaginosusPHK96, D92
    `--+--+--NesterenkoniaNC18
       |  |    |--N. alba Luo et al. 2009NC18
       |  |    |--N. halobiaRP03
       |  |    `--N. massiliensisNC18
       |  `--+--*Yaniella halotolerans (Li et al. 2004) Li et al. 2008NC18
       |     `--MicrococcusNC18
       |          |  i. s.: M. aureusG-S08
       |          |         M. cryophilusPHK96
       |          |         M. elektroni Blunck 1929P92
       |          |         M. lysodeikticusP91
       |          |         M. roseusPHK96
       |          |--M. terreus Zhang et al. 2010NC18
       |          `--+--M. lylae Kloos et al. 1974RP03, NC18
       |             `--+--M. antarcticusRP03
       |                `--M. luteus (Schroeter 1872) Cohn 1872RP03, NC18
       `--+--+--Rothia Georg & Brown 1967NC18
          |  |    |--+--R. kristinae (Kloos et al. 1974) Nouioui, Carro et al. 2018 (see below for synonymy)NC18
          |  |    |  `--+--R. halotolerans (Zucchi et al.) Nouioui, Carro et al. 2018 (see below for synonymy)NC18
          |  |    |     `--R. koreensis (Park et al.) Nouioui, Carro et al. 2018 [=Kocuria koreensis Park et al. 2010]NC18
          |  |    `--+--+--R. mucilaginosa (Bergan & Kocur 1982) Collins et al. 2000NC18
          |  |       |  `--+--*R. dentocariosa (Onishi 1949) Georg & Brown 1967NC18
          |  |       |     `--R. aeriaNC18
          |  |       `--+--+--R. endophyticaNC18
          |  |          |  `--R. nasimuriumNC18
          |  |          `--+--R. terraeNC18
          |  |             `--+--R. aerolataNC18
          |  |                `--R. amaraeNC18
          |  `--KocuriaNC18
          |       |--+--K. palustrisRP03
          |       |  `--+--K. flava Zhou et al. 2008NC18
          |       |     `--+--*K. roseaNC18, RP03 [incl. Deinococcus erythromyxaGH01b, K. erythromyxaRP03]
          |       |        |--K. himachalensisNC18
          |       |        |--K. polaris Reddy, Prakash et al. 2003RP03
          |       |        `--+--K. dechangensisNC18
          |       |           `--+--K. aegyptiaNC18
          |       |              `--+--K. oceaniNC18
          |       |                 `--K. turfanensis Zhou et al. 2008NC18
          |       `--+--K. subflavaNC18
          |          `--+--K. pelophilaNC18
          |             `--+--+--K. atrinaeNC18
          |                |  `--+--K. carniphilaNC18
          |                |     `--K. gwangalliensisNC18
          |                `--+--+--K. indica Dastager et al. 2014NC18
          |                   |  `--K. marinaNC18
          |                   `--+--+--K. arsenatisNC18
          |                      |  `--K. rhizophilaRP03
          |                      `--+--K. salsiciaNC18
          |                         `--K. variansRP03
          `--+--+--*Haematomicrobium sanguinisNC18
             |  `--+--ArthrobacterNC18
             |     `--TersicoccusNC18
             |          |--*T. phoenicisNC18
             |          `--T. solisilvaeNC18
             `--+--ZhihengliuellaNC18
                |    |--Z. albaNC18
                |    `--+--+--Z. flavaNC18
                |       |  `--Z. somnathiiNC18
                |       `--+--Z. halotoleransNC18
                |          `--Z. salsuginisNC18
                `--+--+--‘Arthrobacter’ rhombiNC18
                   |  `--PaeniglutamicibacterNC18
                   |       |--+--P. cryotoleransNC18
                   |       |  `--+--‘Arthrobacter’ haloduransNC18
                   |       |     `--+--‘Arthrobacter’ desertiNC18
                   |       |        `--‘Arthrobacter’ ginkgonisNC18
                   |       `--+--P. kerguelensisNC18
                   |          `--+--P. psychrophenolicusNC18
                   |             `--+--P. sulfureusNC18
                   |                `--+--P. antarcticusNC18
                   |                   `--P. gangotriensis (Gupta et al. 2004) Busse 2016NC18
                   `--+--‘Arthrobacter’ endophyticusNC18
                      `--GlutamicibacterNC18
                           |--+--+--G. ardleyensisNC18
                           |  |  `--G. bergereiNC18
                           |  `--+--G. creatinolyticusNC18
                           |     |--G. protophormiaeNC18
                           |     `--G. soliNC18
                           `--+--G. arilaitensis (Irlinger et al. 2005) Busse 2016NC18
                              |--G. uratoxydansNC18
                              `--+--G. nicotianaeNC18
                                 `--+--‘Corynebacterium’ liquefaciensNC18
                                    `--G. mysorens (Nand & Rao 1972) Busse 2016NC18

Rothia halotolerans (Zucchi et al.) Nouioui, Carro et al. 2018 [=Kocuria halotolerans Zucchi et al. 2009]NC18

Rothia kristinae (Kloos et al. 1974) Nouioui, Carro et al. 2018 [=Kocuria kristinae (Kloos et al.) Stackebrandt et al. 1995]NC18

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[D92] Dworkin, M. 1992. Prokaryotic diversity. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 48–74. Springer-Verlag: New York.

[GH01a] Garrity, G. M., & J. G. Holt. 2001a. The road map to the Manual. In: Boone, D. R., R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity (eds) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2nd ed. vol. 1. The Archaea and the Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria pp. 119–166. Springer.

[GH01b] Garrity, G. M., & J. G. Holt. 2001b. Class I. Deinococci class. nov. In: Boone, D. R., R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity (eds) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, 2nd ed., vol. 1. The Archaea and the Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria pp. 395–420. Springer.

[G-S08] Greig-Smith, R. 1908. Opsonisation from a bacterial point of view and opsonic technique. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 669–700.

[NC18] Nouioui, I., L. Carro, M. García-López, J. P. Meier-Kolthoff, T. Woyke, N. Kyrpides, C., R. Pukall, H.-P. Klenk, M. Goodfellow & M. Göker. 2018. Genome-based taxonomic classification of the phylum Actinobacteria. Frontiers in Microbiology 9: 2007.

[P91] Podboronov, V. M. 1991. Antibacterial protective mechanisms of ixodoid ticks. In: Dusbábek, F., & V. Bukva (eds) Modern Acarology: Proceedings of the VIII International Congress of Acarology, held in České Budĕjovice, Czechoslovakia, 6–11 August 1990 vol. 2 pp. 375–380. SPB Academic Publishing: The Hague.

[P92] Poinar, G. O., Jr. 1992. Life in Amber. Stanford University Press: Stanford.

[PHK96] Prescott, L. M., J. P. Harley & D. A. Klein. 1996. Microbiology (3rd ed.) Wm. C. Brown Publishers: Dubuque (Iowa).

[RP03] Reddy, G. S. N., J. S. S. Prakash, V. Prabahar, G. I. Matsumoto, E. Stackebrandt & S. Shivaji. 2003. Kocuria polaris sp. nov., an orange-pigmented psychrophilic bacterium isolated from an Antarctic cyanobacterial mat sample. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 183–187.

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