Micropholcommatidae

Rayforstia vulgaris, from Rix & Harvey (2010).

Belongs within: Anapidae.

The Micropholcommatidae are a group of minute spiders with a strongly raised carapace found in South America and Australasia (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007). Their habits are poorly known but they are found in forests in association with mosses and leaf litter.

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Very small; three tarsal claws; ecribellate; entelegyne; six or eight eyes; cheliceral gland mound elevated; anterior booklungs reduced to either a few leaves or true tracheae.

Micropholcommatidae
|--Taphiassa Simon 1880PVD10 [incl. Parapua Forster 1959PVD10, JD-S07; TaphiassinaePVD10]
| `--T. punctata (Forster 1959) [=Parapua punctata]PVD10
|--Textricellinae [Textricellidae]PD07
| |--Tricella Forster & Platnick 1989 non Long 1912 (ICBN)JD-S07
| |--Cenotextricella Penney, Dierick et al. 2007PD07
| | `--*C. simoni Penney, Dierick et al. 2007PD07
| `--Textricella Hickman 1945JD-S07
| |--T. complexaPD07
| |--T. fulvaS03
| |--T. luteolaR14
| |--T. parvaS03
| |--T. plebeiaF64
| |--T. salmoniFF99
| |--T. vulgaris Forster 1959S03
| `--T. wisei Forster 1964 [=T. campbellensis Forster 1964 (n. n.)]F64
`--MicropholcommatinaePVD10
| i. s.: Tricellina Forster & Platnick 1989S03
| Olgania Hickman 1979JD-S07
| Pua Forster 1959PVD10
| `--*P. novaezealandiae Forster 1959PVD10
| Teutoniella Brignoli 1981PVD10
| `--T. cekaloviciJD-S07
| Algidiella Rix & Harvey 2010PVD10
| `--*A. aucklandica (Forster 1955) [=Textricella aucklandica]PVD10
| Tinytrella Rix & Harvey 2010PVD10
| `--*T. pusilla (Forster 1959) [=Textricella pusilla]PVD10
| Eterosonycha Butler 1932JD-S07
| Rayforstia Rix & Harvey 2010PVD10
| |--*R. vulgaris (Forster 1959)PVD10
| |--R. antipoda (Forster 1959)PVD10
| |--R. insula (forster 1959)PVD10
| |--R. mcfarlanei (Forster 1959)PVD10
| |--R. plebeia (Forster 1959)PVD10
| |--R. propinqua (Forster 1959)PVD10
| |--R. salmoni (Forster 1959)PVD10
| |--R. scuta (Forster 1959)PVD10
| |--R. signata (Forster 1959)PVD10
| `--R. wisei (Forster 1964)PVD10
|--Micropholcomma Crosby & Bishop 1927WC17, R08 [incl. Microlinypheus Butler 1932R08, Plectochetos Butler 1932R08]
| |--*M. caeligenum Crosby & Bishop 1927R08
| |--M. bryophilum (Butler 1932) [=*Microlinypheus bryophilus]R08
| |--M. linnaei Rix 2008R08
| |--M. longissimum (Butler 1932) [=*Plectochetos longissimus]R08
| |--M. mirum Hickman 1944R08
| |--M. parmatum Hickman 1944R08
| `--M. turbans Hickman 1981R08
`--+--Taliniella Rix & Harvey 2010WC17, PVD10
| |--*T. nigra (Forster 1959) [=Textricella nigra]PVD10
| `--T. vinki Rix & Harvey 2010PVD10
`--RaveniellaWC17
|--R. luteolaWC17
`--R. peckorumWC17

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[F64] Forster, R. R. 1964. The Araneae and Opiliones of the subantarctic islands of New Zealand. Pacific Insects Monograph 7: 58–115.

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[PD07] Penney, D., M. Dierick, V. Cnudde, B. Masschaele, J. Vlassenbroeck, L. van Hoorebeke & P. Jacobs. 2007. First fossil Micropholcommatidae (Araneae), imaged in Eocene Paris amber using X-ray computed tomography. Zootaxa 1623: 47–53.

[R14] Ramírez, M. J. 2014. The morphology and phylogeny of dionychan spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 390: 1–374.

[R08] Rix, M. G. 2008. A new species of Micropholcomma (Araneae: Araneoidea: Micropholcommatidae) from Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 24 (4): 343–348.

[S03] Schütt, K. 2003. Phylogeny of Symphytognathidae s.l. (Araneae, Araneoidea). Zoologica Scripta 32 (2): 129–151.

[WC17] Wheeler, W. C., J. A. Coddington, L. M. Crowley, D. Dimitrov, P. A. Goloboff, C. E. Griswold, G. Hormiga, L. Prendini, M. J. Ramírez, P. Sierwald, L. Almeida-Silva, F. Alvarez-Padilla, M. A. Arnedo, L. R. Benavides Silva, S. P. Benjamin, J. E. Bond, C. J. Grismado, E. Hasan, M. Hedin, M. A. Izquierdo, F. M. Labarque, J. Ledford, L. Lopardo, W. P. Maddison, J. A. Miller, L. N. Piacentini, N. I. Platnick, D. Polotow, D. Silva-Dávila, N. Scharff, T. Szűts, D. Ubick, C. J. Vink, H. M. Wood & J. Zhang. 2017. The spider tree of life: phylogeny of Araneae based on target-gene analyses from an extensive taxon sampling. Cladistics 33: 574–616.

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