Millettieae

Tuba Derris elliptica, copyright Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz.

Belongs within: Papilionoideae.
Contains: Tephrosia.

The Millettieae are a predominantly tropical group of legumes of which most species are woody with conspicuously banded parenchyma, flowers bearing fused keel petals, and seeds containing non-protein amino acids. Roots and stems of a number of species, including the tuba plant Derris elliptica, contain the toxic compound rotenone, used in some parts of the world as insecticide or fish poison. Derris and Paraderris bear indehiscent legumes that are winged on the abaxial and adaxial sutures.

<==MillettieaeCP13
    |--+--‘Millettia’ grandisCP13
    |  `--+--Philenoptera eriocalyxCP13
    |     `--LeptoderrisCP13
    |          |--L. brachypteraCP13
    |          `--L. fasciculataDP72
    `--+--Ophrestia radicosaCP13
       `--+--+--Apurimacia dolichocarpaCP13
          |  `--+--TephrosiaCP13
          |     `--+--Mundulea sericeaCP13
          |        `--Ptycholobium biflorumCP13
          `--+--Piscidia piscipulaCP13
             `--+--+--Brachypterum robustumCP13
                |  `--Fordia splendidissimaCP13
                `--+--+--LonchocarpusCP13
                   |  |    |--L. blackiiCGW91
                   |  |    `--L. lanceolatusCP13
                   |  `--+--Deguelia dasycalyxCP13
                   |     `--Muellera campestrisCP13
                   `--+--+--Pongamiopsis amygdalinaCP13
                      |  |--Neodunnia richardianaCP13
                      |  `--MillettiaCP13
                      |       |--M. auriculataP03
                      |       |--M. megaspermaB00
                      |       |--M. nieuwenhuisiiK03
                      |       |--M. peguensis Ali 1968 [incl. M. ovalifolia Kurz 1873 non W. & A. 1834]SY72
                      |       |--M. sericeaB88
                      |       `--M. thonningiiCP13
                      `--+--Paraderris ellipticaCP13
                         `--DerrisCP13
                              |--D. ellipticaB88
                              |--D. heterophylla [incl. D. uliginosa]P88
                              |--D. indicaP03
                              |--D. laxifloraCP13
                              |--D. malaccensisP88
                              |--D. scandensT-W89
                              `--D. trifoliataB00

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[B00] Braby, M. F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 1. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[CP13] Cardoso, D., R. T. Pennington, L. P. de Queiroz, J. S. Boatwright, B.-E. Van Wyk, M. F. Wojciechowski & M. Lavin. 2013. Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes. South African Journal of Botany 89: 58–75.

[CGW91] Carver, M., G. F. Gross & T. E. Woodward. 1991. Hemiptera (bugs, leafhoppers, cicadas, aphids, scale insects etc.) In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers vol. 1 pp. 429–509. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[DP72] Deighton, F. C., & K. A. Pirozynski. 1972. Microfungi. V. More hyperparasitic hyphomycetes. Mycological Papers 128: 1–110.

[K03] Kulip, J. 2003. An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal and other useful plants of Muruts in Sabah, Malaysia. Telopea 10 (1): 81–98.

[P03] Paul, T. K. 2003. Botanical observations on the Purulia pumped storage hydropower project area, Bagmundi Hills, Purulia district, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 45: 121–142.

[P88] Polunin, I. 1988. Plants and Flowers of Malaysia. Times Editions: Singapore.

[SY72] Shah, G. L., & D. V. Yogi. 1972. Nomenclatural changes in some Bombay plants—IV. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (2): 444–449.

[T-W89] Tenison-Woods, J. E. 1889. On the vegetation of Malaysia. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 4 (1): 9–106, pls 1–9.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *