Red kite Milvus milvus, photographed by Juan.

Belongs within: Accipitridae.

The Milvinae are a cosmopolitan group of medium-sized kites. Milvines are predators of small animals, including insects and molluscs; many species are also scavengers. The tail is forked distally in members of the genus Milvus but rounded in species of Haliastur.

    |    |--H. indus (Boddaert 1783) [=Falco indus]WS48
    |    |    |--H. i. indusWS48
    |    |    |--H. i. girrenera (Vieillot 1822) (see below for synonymy)WS48
    |    |    `--H. i. intermediusJ06
    |    |--H. leucosternusN87
    |    `--H. sphenurus (Vieillot 1818) [=Milvus sphenurus]WS48
    `--Milvus Lacépède 1799CC10
         |--*M. milvus (Linnaeus 1758)CC10, M02 [=Falco milvusCC10; incl. Corvus crassipennis Giebel 1847M02]
         |    |--M. m. milvusD56
         |    `--M. m. aegyptiacusD56
         |--M. brachypterus Jánossy 1977M02
         |--M. cheeleE42
         |--M. deperditus Milne-Edwards 1871M02
         |--M. furcatus [=Falco furcatus]J23
         |--M. govindaB66
         |--M. incertus Gaillard 1939 [=Promilio incertus]M02
         |--M. melanotisS89
         |--M. migrans (Boddaert 1783)CC10 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--M. m. migransLM05
         |    |--M. m. lineatusVP89
         |    `--M. m. parasitusLM05
         `--M. regalisD66

Haliastur indus girrenera (Vieillot 1822) [=Haliaeetus girrenera; incl. Haliastur indus subleucosternus Mathews 1912]WS48

Milvus migrans (Boddaert 1783)CC10 [=Falco migransCC10; incl. M. affinis Gould 1838CC10, M. migrans affinisWS48, M. aterrimus Mathews 1912CC10, M. korschun napieri Mathews 1912CC10]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B66] Bulger, G. E. 1866. List of birds observed at Wellington, Neilgherry Hills, about 6000 feet above the level of the sea, during the months of April and May, 1866. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 568–571.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[D56] Dawes, B. 1956. The Trematoda with special reference to British and other European forms. University Press: Cambridge.

[D66] Dresser, H. E. 1866. Notes on the breeding of the booted eagle (Aquila pennata). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 377–380.

[E42] Ewer, W. 1842. List of a collection of birds from India. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 10: 91–93.

[J23] James, E. 1823. Account of an Expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains, performed in the years 1819 and ’20, by order of the Hon. J. C. Calhoun, sec’y of war: under the command of Major Stephen H. Long. From the notes of Major Long, Mr. T. Say, and other gentlemen of the exploring party vol. 1. H. C. Carey & I. Lea: Philadelphia.

[J06] Johnstone, R. E. 2006. The birds of Gag Island, Western Papuan islands, Indonesia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 23 (2): 115–132.

[LM05] Lerner, H. R. L., & D. P. Mindell. 2005. Phylogeny of eagles, Old World vultures, and other Accipitridae based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 327–346.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[N87] North, A. J. 1887. List of references to authentic descriptions of Australian birds’ eggs. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (4): 1163–1174.

[S89] Salvadori, T. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea nella Birmania e nelle regioni vicine. XIX.—Uccelli raccolti nei Monti Carin a nord-est di Tounghoo, nel Pegù presso Rangoon e Tounghoo e nel Tenasserim presso Malewoon. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 369–438.

[VP89] Viney, C., & K. Phillipps. 1989. Birds of Hong Kong 5th ed. Government Printer: Hong Kong.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M., & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1–126.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *